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From Angola to Zimbabwe: Conflict resolution and governance in Africa

"The Southern African region has reached a critical juncture in its political and economic development. Recent events in Zimbabwe and Angola bring into sharp relief the divergence in political and economic standards, norms and values, where today…

Angola: Elusive peace?

This report considers the prospect of peace in Angola after 16 years of civil war. International mediation, especially by the United States and the Soviet Union, will hopefully overcome the remaining obstacles and culminate in a permanent cease-fire…

Background to the Angola crisis: What went wrong.

This document describes the background leading to the Estoril Peace Accord in 1991 and the general elections in Angola in November 1992. Under the accord, the MPLA and Unita undertook ensuring that the ceasefire be monitored by representatives f…

The internationalisation of regional conflict - the case of Angola

This brief report describes the increasing internationalization of the conflict in Angola. The conflict has been fuelled by foreign support to both sides, with the Soviet Union supporting the MPLA, and the United States as well as South Africa aidin…

Observer or participant? The role of civil society in Angola

This report focus on current conditions in Angola and an exploration of possible solutions towards peace. The discussion examined concrete ways in which civil society could engage with the Angolan Government and Unita, the type of society that Angol…

Governance Quality and Government Commitment to the NEPAD African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper investigates the relationship between the existing quality of a country’s political and economic governance and it’s government’s decision whether or not to participate in the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) of the New Partnership f…

Electoral System Reform, Democracy and Stability in the SADC Region: A Comparative Analysis

"The discussion begins with a fairly comprehensive survey of electoral democracy in the region with special reference to the selected countries. Section 2 chronicles the workings of various electoral systems in these countries and their impact on de…

Peacemaking in Southern Africa: Breathing life into Angolan darkness

This document discusses the Windhoek tripartite meeting on 4 June 1993 between the Foreign Ministers of Namibia, Angola and South Africa to explore bilateral and tripartite issues concerning all three countries. The ‘Windhoek Declaration’ indica…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 51

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: Press release on SWAPO and Namibian Whites, Stockholm meeting, 19-21 June 1988; Principles for a Peaceful Settlement in South Western Africa;Statement by State President PW Botha on US sancti…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 52/53

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: South Africa, Angola and Namibia - Protocol signed at Geneva between South Africa, Angola and Cuba; UN statement on 10th anniversary of Resolution 435; Statement by South African Minister of …

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 10

This Southern Africa record contains the following texts: Speech on Angola by K.D. Kaunda, President of Zambia; South Africa and Angola: Statement in Parliament on 25 March 1976 by the South African Minister of Defence, P.W. Botha, concerning refuge…

Political Parties and Political Evolution in Angola

"In general this report tackles the most important research conclusions, namely those related to legislation governing the establishment and operation of political parties, as well as the environment in which they operate. It also identifies the imp…

Governance Quality and Government Commitment to the NEPAD African Peer Review Mechanism

"This paper investigates the relationship between the existing quality of a country’s political and economic governance and its government’s decision whether or not to participate in the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) of the New Partnership fo…

Dialogue on Political Parties and Governance in the SADC Region: Angola, Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zambia

"In this, the second of two workshops, eight countries are covered – Angola, Botswana, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zambia. The workshops allowed researchers to present their findings and brough…

UNITA - Twenty years on

"This update on the role of UNITA will concentrate on evaluating its position in Angola, although inevitably some reference must be made to external factors. We will examine the position under two main headings: (a) UNITA's historical legitimacy as…

Angola: Prospects for peace?

Peace in Angola is of great importance to the whole SADC region. This paper highlights the role Angola has played in the history of Portugal and the implications of Portuguese occupation of Angola. Although a number of peace efforts have taken plac…

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural practic…

South Africa and its neighbours: Co-operation or conflict?

Southern Africa has come under international attention as an unsettled region of the world, attracting the involvement of both superpowers which, far from contributing to a resolution of the regional disputes, has aggravated them. Nevertheless, thei…

East Germans in Angola

This brief report deals with three topics: the presence of East German paratroops in Angola, possible reasons for Mr Kaunda’s muted response to Rhodesian raids into Zambia, and the international implications of the upcoming elections in South West A…

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 36

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: South Africa and Swaziland: agreements and discussions on security matters and trade; South Africa and Angola and Namibia: Letters to the UN Security council from South Africa and Angola with…

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