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Africa and the Global Economic Crises : Impacts, Policy Responses and Political Economy

"African countries have already undertaken a number of effective measures to minimize the impacts of the crisis. Taking a longer-term perspective, African countries could turn the crisis into an opportunity to restore their economic potentials and …

Aid for Trade and Export Competitiveness: New Opportunities for Africa

"This paper has argued that AFT can do much to support actions by governments and the private sector to improve the competitiveness of African products. Much of the national AFT agenda revolves around improving the performance of service industries…

African Preparation for Trade Negotiations in the Context of the ACP-EU Cotonou Partnership Agreement

"The paper explores contextual questions, in particular in section 2 it focuses on the question of whether African countries should negotiate at all. In doing this, the paper identifies the full range of available options from which the affected Af…

African Trade, Investment and Exchange Rate Regimes and Incentives for Exporting

"In its analysis of export incentives, this paper suggests that such incentives can be direct and explicit when they take the form of autonomous, complementary and / or compensatory measures which are specifically targeted at promoting exporting act…

Agriculture as an Engine of Growth and Poverty Reduction: What We Know and What We Need to Know

"One view, is that the agricultural sector is simply a reservoir of unemployed or underemployed labor, with low incomes and living standards, from which people must eventually be moved by economic growth in the non-agricultural economy. The alter…

China and Africa – Opportunities and Challenges

"The phenomenon of China in the global arena is quite significant. It presents opportunities and challenges which African policy makers and thinkers must take very seriously and respond to it very intensively. This is particularly so as other regio…

China, India and African Manufacturing Framework for Understanding the Impact of Aid and Migration

"This paper attempts to analyse two variables that are not regularly considered when discussing the impact of China and India on African manufacturing: Aid and migration. The two are among the channels through which China and India affect African m…

Client Power, Citizen Participation, Institutions and Services Delivery: Theory and Evidence with Special Emphasis on Africa

"This paper discusses the impact of alternative institutional arrangements of service delivery on clients’ power, with special emphasis on Africa. It reviews the existing economic literature with regard to the rationale for institutionalizing client…

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Construction of Reproductive Health Accounts in Africa

"This paper provides a detailed review of the literature of Health Accounts, including National Health Accounts and its satellite accounts on HIV/AIDS; Immunization and RH; as well issues of concepts and definition relating to Reproductive Health; t…

African Agriculture in the WTO Framework

"The paper begins, in Section 2, with a broad analysis of the structure and growth of African agriculture. This pays particular attention to the significance and contribution of the agricultural sector to the overall African economy, the structure a…

Africa and the “New Issues” in the World Trade Organization Framework

"Appropriate and full participation in the WTO is an important element of any strategy that calls for engagement rather than retreat from the international economy. Given the increasingly multi-faceted and intrusive reach of the WTO, the argument be…

African Development in the Context of New World Trade and Financial Regimes: The Role of the WTO and Its Relationship to the World Bank and the IMF

"While mindful of the potentially positive consequences of globalization for Africa, this paper posits that conscious policies are required to ensure that trade openness and increased private capital inflows lead to enhanced and sustained growth. De…

African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)

"This paper measures the efficiency of WAEMU banks and its determining factors, after the banking system reforms from 1993 to 1996. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) was used for assessing technical efficiency and a stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) …

Demography, Growth, Income Distribution and Poverty: A Survey of Interrelationships

"In this paper we reviewed the evidence on the interrelationship between demography, growth, income distribution and poverty. We suggested that at the macro level such interrelationships could be explored in the context of the standard money metri…

Decentralization and Service Delivery : A Framework

"Most governments have both centralized and decentralized levels of decisionmaking in which choices made at each level regarding the provision of public services are influenced by the demands for those services by persons living in such jurisdict…

Costs and Benefits of Special and Differential treatment for developing countries in GATT/WTO: An African perspective

"It is not necessarily self-evident that income transfers should be made through S&D treatment; other mechanisms that may be more efficient could be available. Second, it is worth examining whether S&D treatment provides appropriate incentives for…

Development Policy Option for Africa in the Context of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements

"In this paper, we provide a brief summary of the emerging challenges for African development options and the implications of the emerging external environment for these options. In Section 2, we discuss the background of the African development st…

Economic Policies in G-20 and African Countries during the Global Financial Crisis Who’s the Apprentice, Who’s the Master?

"This paper finds that G-20 countries have responded through fast and large bailouts, historically large fiscal stimuli and accommodative monetary policies. It seems that African countries could learn from this, and in part they should indeed do so …

Effects of Macroeconomic Policies (Fiscal, Trade, Exchange Rate, Structural Adjustment etc) on Health and Health Inequality

"The main objective of this paper is to present the literature review on the effects of macroeconomic policies on health and health inequality. The literature on this subject addresses the relevant issues in terms of macroeconomic policies developed…

European Economic Integration and the Franc Zone : the Future of the CFA Franc after 1996: Part I : Historical Background and a New Evaluation of Monetary Co-operation in the CFA Countries

"The general objective of this study is to assess the impact of a unified monetary authority in Europe on the FZ and also to assess the possible options in relation to the current CFA monetary arrangements. The specific goal of this part is to give …

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