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The UN Convention on the Rights of Migrant Workers: The Ratification Non-Debate

"In order to better understand the relevance of the Convention to South Africa, it is necessary to examine the history of the ICMW and why other countries have been so hesitant to ratify it. Second, it is necessary to provide an overview of migran...

The Impact of Climate Change in Africa

"This paper is concerned with the fact that African nations are among the lightest polluters, yet analysts say they will suffer the most from climate change in their pursuit of water and food security, sustainable development, and political and ec...

Fusing Privatisation of Security with Peace and Security Initiatives

"This paper seeks to highlight the numerous obstacles to, and opportunities for, the consolidation of PMSCs into a security provision role on the African continent. Obstacles include the lack of definition as to what PMSCs actually are. The inabil...

Natural Resources Conflict Management Processes and Strategies in Africa

"This paper treats natural resources conflicts as an intrinsic part of larger social conflicts and seeks to provide a link between natural resources and social conflicts, situate the debate within the nexus between natural resources managem...

India and Africa: Towards a Sustainable Energy Partnership

"The depletion of hydrocarbon resources, due to unprecedented growth in energy demand from developing countries, concerns over the disruption of energy supplies arising from political instability in the Middle East and the emergence of energy ‘n...

Evolving India – Africa Relations: Continuity and Change

"India’s relations with African countries are time-tested and historical;nevertheless, in recent years the affiliation has been revitalised. Both continuity and change feature in India’s evolving relations with Africa. India’s engagement with Afri...

Before and Beyond Energy: Contextualising the India – Africa Partnership

"Although the India–Africa relationship is not new, what is relatively new is the range of areas now covered by the partnership, in particular energy. Energy has played, and will play, a critical role in bringing India and Africa closer together i...

Africa and the Geopolitics of the Indian Ocean

"Throughout the history of the Indian Ocean, littoral, island and extra-regional states have vied to secure their trade routes,which in turn affects Africa. By reviewing the stakeholders’ dynamics in the Indian Ocean, the implications and challeng...

The Chair of the African Union What prospect for institutionalisation?

"This paper is an in-depth analysis on the chair of the African Union. After providing a historical overview, the author explains the modalities for the election of AU chairs and their functions. She then compares different styles of chairmanship ...

'Keep Calm and Carry On' An Initial African Assessment of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) 2010 Review Conference

"On 28 May 2010, 190 States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) adopted a final document at its 8th Review Conference (RevCon) held at the United Nations (UN) Headquarters in New York. This paper makes an initia...

The role and place of the African Standby Force within the African Peace and Security Architecture

"This paper seeks to highlight the importance and place of the ASF within the APSA and critically examines the potential of the ASF and the challenges facing it as one of the most important mechanisms for the AU’s strategic response to conflicts....

Addressing the Use of Private Security and Military Companies at the International Level

"The aim of this paper is firstly, to contribute to the scholarly debate regarding the use of PMSCs in conflict and post - conflict situations. Secondly, to comment on the current Draft International Convention on the Regulation, Oversight and Mo...

Confronting Complex Emergencies in Africa Imperatives of a Search for a New Doctrine of Humanitarian ‘Security’ interventions

"The paper starts with an examination of the nature, focus and scope of humanitarian intervention approaches. It highlights the mismatch between salient features of violent armed conflict and the humanitarian military intervention approach. The d...

The AU and the Challenge of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

"This paper examines the policy position of the AU with regard to ‘Unconstitutional Changes of Government’(UCG)in Africa. After analysing the definition of the concept or phenomenon of UCG, at least from the viewpoint of the African Union (AU), wi...

Climate Change, Population Pressure and Conflict in Africa

"Africa is characterised by widespread and deeply entrenched poverty, armed conflict, slow economic development until recently, and agricultural systems proven to failure during frequent and persistent drought. With its tremendous natural resource...

Africa’s Emerging Global Partnerships Their Implications for the Continent’s Development Aspirations

"Important changes have been occurring in the ill-defined area of partnership in Africa, mainly in the context of the African Union’s quest for development as well as peace and security on the continent. The purpose of this paper is to identify a...

Negotiating the Convention on Cluster Munitions The role of African States

"On 30 May 2008, 107 governments participating in a Dublin Diplomatic Conference formally adopted the text of a new Convention on Cluster Munitions banning those that cause unacceptable harm to civilians. The convention is the culmination of wha...

A bridge too far? Considering security sector reform in Africa

"Security sector reform has become an accepted part of the international peace- building and post-conflict reconstruction agenda. It is posited as a crucial aspect in the creation of an enabling environment for development and stability. Experienc...

Transformation of the Pan-African Parliament A path to a legislative body?

"The inauguration of the Pan-African Parliament reflects a commitment towards enhancing and deepening democratic values and principles on the continent. The PAP forms part of the ambitious process of deepening the institutional framework for achi...

The Establishment and Implications of the United States Africa Command

"The paper is divided into three parts. The first part assesses the structures and patterns of US foreign policy making in dealing with issues related to Africa. It also addresses the perceived interests of the US in Africa, which is second only t...

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