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Public Spending, Taxation and Deficits

"The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it tested the causality between public spending and public revenue. Second, it tested the hypothesis that high deficits lead to increased spending. The following conclusions may be drawn from the findin…

Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Tanzania The State of the Arts, Challenges and Prospects

"A total of eighteen papers were presented during the two-day workshop. The papers presented during the workshop were essentially focused on the persistent problem of poverty in Tanzania with the aim of examining poverty reduction initiatives in Tan…

Revenue Productivity Implications of Tax Reform in Tanzania

"The purpose of this study is to examine the revenue productivity implications of tax reform in Tanzania, focusing it as a way of raising the productivity of the tax system. Specific objectives are: (1) to analyze the productivity performance of th…

Tanzania's Trade with PTA Countries: A Special Emphasis on Non-Traditional Products

"This study investigates Tanzania's trade with other Preferential Trading Area (PTA) countries to observe how the formation of PTA and other trade incentives have affected trade. The results indicate a huge increase of trade in non-traditional goo…

Tax Reforms in Tanzania : Motivations, Directions and Implications

"This paper provides a theoretical discussion on the relationship between buoyancy/elasticity and the existence of the underground economy and postulates an inverse relationship between the two. Such relationship is argued because the growth of the …

The Behaviour of Income Velocity in Tanzania 1967-1994

"This study ventures to expand the frontier of knowledge on income velocity behaviour and its main determinants. Our investigation is also important in understanding the effect of changes in money growth on income over extended periods, thus helping…

Making Agriculture Pro-Nutrition: Opportunities in Tanzania

"Extreme poverty and chronic malnutrition are widespread in rural Tanzania, where smallholder agriculture dominates the economy. Given the sector’s role as the main source of food and livelihood for many malnourished people, agriculture has substant…

The Impact of Government Policy on Macroeconomic Variables: A Case Study of Private Investment in Tanzania

"The major hypothesis of the paper is that private sector investment is necessary if economic growth is to be accelerated. However, in order to stimulate such investments appropriate monetory, fiscal and exchange rate policies have to be formulated…

A Comparative Analysis of Poverty Incidence in Farming Systems of Tanzania

"The principal objective of this research was to determine the poverty incidence in different farming systems in Tanzania. The specific objectives were: To describe the patterns of poverty incidence in relation to farming systems, to quantify farmin…

The Tanzanian Energy Sector: The Potential for Job Creation and Productivity Gains Through Expanded Electrification

"The main objective of this study is to provide insights into the dynamic linkages between expansion of the national electricity grid and off-grid alternative/renewable sources of electricity and job growth and productivity. The study also seeks to …

The Impact of Local Government Reforms in Tanzania 1998-2008

"In recent decades, Tanzania has undergone enormous political, social and economic changes. It has moved from being a centrally planned, one party socialist state to a modern, multi party democracy with an open, liberal economy. Tanzania's Local Gov…

Energy, Jobs and Skills: A Rapid Assessment of Potential in Mtwara, Tanzania

"This study sets out by examining, the growth and labour potential of the energy sector, one of the most promising labour absorbing sectors, and the demand that it is creating for young electricians in Mtwara and beyond. The findings of this study h…

Institutional Analysis of Nutrition in Tanzania

"This special paper provides a summary of the situation of nutrition in Tanzania, and an institutional analysis of the principal actors in nutrition nationally and locally. The paper argues the need to focus on prevention on malnutrition by protecti…

Maybe We Should Pay Tax After All? Citizens Changing Views on Taxation in Tanzania

"Citizen's unwillingness to pay taxes and fees is considered to be a major obstacle to enhancing government revenues in Tanzania. Based on data from two citizen surveys conducted in six councils in Tanzania during 2003 and 2006, this paper aims to n…

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examinat…

Service Delivery in Tanzania: Findings from Six Councils 2000-2003

"This report analyses data on service delivery and poverty alleviation from 2000 to 2003. The emphasis is on describing the situation at a certain point in time, in line with a baseline approach. However, much of the description is based on citizen'…

Widowhood and Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS Related Shocks Exploring Resilience Avenues

"This study explored the contexts under which violation of the inheritance and property rights of widows and orphans occurs and resilience avenues for safeguarding these rights. Protecting vulnerable individuals and groups in society is both a moral…

Outsourcing Revenue Collection to Private Agents: Experiences from Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Many local government authorities in Tanzania have reformed their tax collection systems in recent years in order to increase their revenue. This paper examines experiences with outsourced revenue collection of some local authorities in Tanzania. B…

The Growth - Poverty Nexus in Tanzania From a Developmental Perspective

"This research project is about gaining a better understanding of growth experiences in Tanzania - past and present - and their implications for the dynamics of poverty. Its focus is on coming to grips with processes of structural transformation and…

Children's Involvement in Small Business : Does it Build Youth Entrepreneurship?

"This brief summarises the findings of a study, conducted in Tanzania in 2006, that examined how children's work in small businesses impacts the development of their entrepreneurship. The study revealed that the participation of children in small bu…

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