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Petro Factbook 2018

This booklet contains facts about the Tanzania petroleum industry and can be a useful source of information about the gas extraction and other petroleum related activities. The book gives an overall presentation of the Energy sector and petroleum in…

An Institutional Account of Public Service Reforms: A Case Study of Civic Engagement in Water and Sanitation in Tanzania#

This brief snapshot key findings from an explanatory qualitative case study that examined the role of civic engagement (CE) in the evolving systems for providing water and sanitation (WATSAN) services in Tanzania. This issue is timely because after …

Climate Resilience in Developing Cities: Msimbazi Basin, Dar es Salaam

In Dar es Salaam, the Msimbazi Basin is one of the fastest growing and most rapidly urbanising areas. This, coupled with insufficient service provision, high poverty levels and frequent floods, has a significant impact on the population. To address …

Agriculture to Nutrition (ATONU): Evaluation of Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition-sensitive Interventions for the African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) Programme in Tanzania

In recent years, agricultural investment in sub-Saharan Africa has increased, leading to increased food production. However, despite increased food production, malnutrition rates are still high. This is because agricultural programmes have traditio…

The Current and Future Climate of Central and Southern Africa: What we have Learnt and what it Means for Decision-Making in Malawi and Tanzania

UMFULA has addressed questions of climate science, climate impacts and decision-making processes for adaptation, including: How does the climate of central and southern Africa work? And how well do climate models represent the key processes responsi…

Analysis of the Drivers of Change in Women's Anemia in Tanzania 2005-2015

Although the prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age in Tanzania remains high, there have been documented improvements. It declined from 47.2% in 2004-05 to 40.1% 2010, but by 2016 it has risen again to 44.8%, according to the national…

Accounting for the Rapid Reduction of Child Stunting in Tanzania over 2005-2016

This research was undertaken in order to understand what factors have been driving stunting reduction in Tanzania over the recent past (2005-2015), and what can further accelerate progress against undernutrition in the near future (2015-2025). Chron…

Fiscal Incidence in Tanzania: Commitment to Equity

One of the functions of government is to redistribute resources, especially to the most disadvantaged members of society. While there is considerable disagreement over both the extent and the means to effect such redistribution, most people agree th…

Tanzania Revenue Authority Earns Good Marks but Still Earning Citizens' Trust

Tax revenues play an essential role in financing government expenditures, which can benefit citizens through effective public services, infrastructure, and development. This requires that citizens pay their taxes and that the government administer t…

#SpeakUp: Using Social Media to Promote Police Accountability in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

Little research has been conducted to assess the impact and potential of social media on the public’s engagement in police accountability in Africa. This report explores whether social media can promote more effective police accountability in Kenya…

Democratisation in Tanzania: No Elections Without Exemptions

In this paper, we contribute to a better understanding of the political economy of tax exemptions in African countries. Based on a simple demand-supply framework, we explore how, in the context of increasingly competitive elections and economic libe…

Assessment of Country Progress in CSO Enabling Environment in Tanzania

The current report is an assessment of the progress made by Tanzania in implementing the Busan Commitments on creating enabling environment for Civil Society Organisations. Specifically, the assessment analyses the extent to which the rights and f…

Bordering on a Water Crisis: The Need for Integrated Resource Management in the Mara River Basin

One of the major constraints on sustainable development in the semi-arid areas of Africa is the supply and access to a range of natural resources underpinned by water. Water is needed to support domestic use, agriculture and the preservation of wild…

Implementation of CBMS in Bukoba Municipality and Muleba District

The review of existing related-monitoring systems, decentralization policies and administration structures at the local level which was conducted by Muro et al (2006) aimed for the development of a comprehensive Municipal information system, that co…

Electoral reform in Tanzania

As Tanzanians go to the polls in October 2020, citizens are faced with a choice between the incumbent President John Magufuli and aspirants from opposition parties. In the last five years, Magufuli has been given credit for growing the economy and…

Weather Shocks and Child Nutrition: Evidence from Tanzania

In this paper, we examine the relationship between childhood exposure to adverse weather shocks and nutritional and health outcomes of children in Tanzania. Using household panel data matched with spatially disaggregated data on weather shocks, we e…

Partnership for Inclusive Growth: Can Linkages with Large Firms spur the Growth of SMEs in Tanzania?

A recent strand of literature on small and medium enterprise (SME) development identifies linkages with large firms as some of the enablers of development and competitiveness. However, there is a dearth of empirical studies on the topic. In this stu…

Closing the Gap: Gender and Innovation

Innovation generally takes place in male-dominated industries. A gender gap might therefore exist. This study used data from the 2015 Tanzania Firm-Level Skills Survey to investigate the gender innovation gap between female-owned enterprises and mal…

Income Diversification and Household Welfare in Tanzania 2008-13

This paper uses three waves of Tanzanian National Panel Surveys (2008/09, 2010/11, and 2012/13) to construct a panel from 3,676 households that appear in at least two waves to explore the effect of income diversification on household welfare measure…

Nature-based Solutions to Climate Change in Coastal Cities

Presently, there is a unified message in the global policy discourse and internationally mandated scientific assessments that advocates nature-based solutions (NbS) as the basis for transforming society. NbS are underpinned by an ecosystem services …

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