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A Call for Inclusive Entrepreneurship in Somalia: Opportunities and Barriers for Female Entrepreneurs in Accessing Micro-Finance

Between 800 A.D. and 1,000 A.D., Somalis exported gums, precious gems, ghee and ostrich feathers particularly to Ethiopia and nearby Arabia (the Arabian Peninsula). They also traded slaves who were brought to the ports from further inland. The Musl…

The Benefits and Burden of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in East Africa

China’s trade and economic relationship with East Africa countries brought in much needed aid and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in infrastructure projects which would otherwise be too costly for these developing countries, and contributed to con…

Geo-Politics in the Horn of Africa

“The Great Game”, as it has been called, has been playing out in the region, layering new rivalries and ideological quarrels, onto preexisting post-colonial conflicts that have yet to be resolved. Berbera is again a point of interest. In 2018, the U…

Research in Somalia: Opportunities for Cooperation

Research cooperation between Somalia and Sweden began in 1982, but was interrupted in the early 1990s due to the civil war. As Somalia gradually starts the process of institutionbuilding and shifting towards a federal system, the Swedish government…

Shared Religion: #Islamigration, Integration & International Relations – A Case Study of Somali Muslims in Mayfair

This occasional paper, which emanated from a dissertation briefly explored Islam as a shared religion amongst two diverse groups, Somalis and South African Indians, and its role in influencing migration choices, integration and international views. …

Return and (Re)Integration in Fragile Contexts: The Experiences of Somali Returnees

Given the increasing number of people returning to Somalia and the political, social and economic consequences thereof, the reintegration of these Somali refugees, rejected asylum seekers, deportees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) becomes an…

COVID-19 in Somalia: A Public Health Emergency in an Electoral Minefield

With one of Africa’s most fragile health care systems, millions of internally displaced people and a bureaucracy still recovering from state collapse and civil war, Somalia might be less prepared for the COVID-19 pandemic than almost any other count…

Community - Based and Customary Taxation in South - Central Somalia: Possibilities for Hybrid Governance and Dialogue Programming

The findings of a feasibility study is presented in this report, which is intended to inform the future design and implementation of the DIALOGUE programme. It has the goal of understanding the social reality of taxation, legitimacy, and accountabi…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversaries…

The Political Economy of Extractives in the Borderlands

The first contribution titled: Extractives in the Horn of Africa: Regional potential and challenges by Muhumuza Didas discusses government legitimacy, among others as a critical factor for the success of the extractive industry; the need for communa…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary of…

Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particular…

Turkey in Somalia: Shifting Paradigms of Aid

"As the global development landscape continues to evolve, new and emerging actors – countries transitioning from being aid recipients to aid providers – are becoming increasingly visible on the global scene. Although the approaches, interests and re…

South-South Peacebuilding: Lessons and Insights from Turkey and South Africa's Support to Fragile States

"Emerging actors, such as providers of South–South cooperation (SSC), are increasingly playing a role in peacebuilding, particularly in fragile states and conflict-affected areas. While there is much discussion on the role of emerging donors in s…

Horn Of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 1 January-February 2017

This January-February issue focuses on the elections in Somalia and their impact on the future of Somalia. This issue also addresses the interface between the elections in Somalia and their impact on ‘Somaliland. Faduma Abukar’s article is particula…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 4 July-August 2016

The extractive sector, mainly consisting of oil, gas and minerals, has great potential to contribute to economic growth. Extractives could be an asset but are also associated with a host of problems, including environmental degradation, conflicts, …

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 26 No.2 March-April 2015

The opening article of this special issue—by Kindeneh Endeg Mihretie—describes the general public’s day-to-day life experience in Addis Ababa. The competition between the established Orthodox Church, Muslims and the relatively new Pentecostal moveme…

Horn of Africa Bulletin January-February 2015

The first article by Najum Mushtaq focuses on the "cease-and-desist" policy in the US towards Somali people working in the US, and how this influences the Somalians economy and society. The second article by Hawa Noor M reflects on the regulations t…

South-South Cooperation and Peacebuilding: Turkey's Involvement in Somalia

Turkey has become one of Somalia’s most important partners, providing humanitarian and development aid, military training and private investment. Its novel approach has strengthened the fledgling Somali Federal Government (SFG) at a critical mome…

Horn of Africa Bulletin November-December 2014

The first article in this issue " Peacebuilding through federalism: a road half-travelled in Ethiopia" attempts to discuss the synergy between Ethiopian federalism and its' peacebuilding projects by reflecting on the 20 years of political praxis. T…

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