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Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constitut…

Somalia: A Nation without a State

This report summarises four seminars in a series entitled “Somalia – a nation without a state”. These took place in October and November 2007. The title of the seminar series refers to the fact that although Somalis share a common culture, language …

Queens Without Crowns: Somaliland Women's Changing Roles and Peace Building

The roles of women in Somaliland seem to be changing. The eruption of the civil war in Somalia in 1988 marked a new beginning in the history of the Somali People. The war set into motion quite a number of processes, which have had a far-reaching eff…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 5 September-October 2017

The complex and constantly evolving relations and interactions between the societies and states in the Horn and the countries of the Persian Gulf have significant peace and security implications for the region and globally. This issue of the Horn …

Somalia: Creating Space for Fresh Approaches to Peacebuilding

This publication is a result of a collaboration between the Life & Peace Institute and the Kroc Institute of International Peace Studies at the University of Notre Dame. What emerges from the articles is that policy options discussed by decision mak…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No 6 November - December 2013

The first article in this issue “Eritrea Symptoms of a coming collapse” attempts to compare the imminent collapse of Eritrea to the collapse of Somalia only 20 years after Eritrea has gained independence . Furthermore it discusses the symptoms where…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 24 No 6 November-December 2012

“The search for peace in the Horn: An optimistic note” acknowledges that the Horn of Africa has had and still continues to have intractable problems. Thus this article takes an optimistic view that recognizes the region’s inherent challenges but als…

Peace in Somaliland: An Indigenous Approach to State-building

Rebuilding a country after conflict is about far more than repairing damaged buildings and re-establishing public institutions. Fundamentally, it is about rebuilding relationships at all levels, restoring the people’s trust and confidence in governa…

Women's Rights in Islam and Somali Culture

The cultural context and experiences of women in Somaliland provide insight into both specific and universal challenges to the fulfillment of the human rights of all Somali women. For instance, the collapse of the central government eliminated leg…

The Judicial System in Somaliland

A critical measure of the transitional administration of war torn country is its success in providing security and the rule of law to its people. These can only be realized when there are functioning institutions to uphold them. Somalia’s legal, …

From Plunder to Prosperity: Resolving Resource-based Conflict in Somaliland

After decades of political upheaval in the Somali region, land tenure systems in Somaliland lie in grim disarray. Years of civil war steadily eroded traditional systems of managing land and resources and resolving conflict, the Somaliland governme…

Enhancing the Development of the Private Sector For Inclusive Growth and Job Creation in the IGAD

The IGAD region has tremendous untapped potential, including abundant agricultural and livestock resources, considerable mineral, hydrocarbon and water resources, unique tourism assets, and a long coastline lying along the busiest shipping lanes i…

Cross-Border Trade and Food Security in the Ethiopia-Djibouti and Ethiopia-Somalia Borderlands

"Trade between countries in the Horn of Africa is largely unofficial and unrecorded. The recent recorded data show that Ethiopia's trade with its neighboring countries is very little and is limited to some manufactured imports from Kenya and vegeta…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2014

In ‘Has the Rise of China in Africa made Democratisation Less Likely?’ the article draws on Denis Tull’s insightful framework for thinking about Chinese activities in Africa to demonstrate the need for greater nuance in the way we assess China’s imp…

Ten Years after Humanitarian Reform: How have IDPs Fared?

This study assessed whether institutional reforms of the humanitarian system have improved IDP protection and assistance. It was also determined what the extent was to which national authorities are protecting and assisting IDPs within their border…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Kenya's Regional Relations: Between Principle and Practice

"Kenya has long been cast as a reluctant regional actor. Those who view it as having a strong economy, but lacking political leverage in its region have questioned its regional influence. Critics argue that Kenya takes its cue from its neighbours…

Cycles of Violence Gender Relations and Armed Conflict

The research project ‘Gender-Sensitive Programme Design and Planning in Conflict-Affected Situations’ was carried out by ACORD during 2000 and 2001. Its overall aim was to enhance gender-awareness in the design and management of development project…

Cross‐Border Livestock Trade and Food Security in the Southern and Southeastern Ethiopia Borderlands

"The objective of this study is to characterise and analyse the process of cross‐border livestock trade between Ethiopia and Kenya and the southeastern part of the Ethiopia Somalia borderlands. The study looks at the relationship between cross‐bord…

Post Drought Recovery Strategies Among the Pastoral Households in the Horn of Africa : A Review

"Due to the interrelationships between the various phases of drought, the review generally deals with the whole inter-drought cycle, but has put much emphasis on the post-drought period. Regarding the drought period and subsequent responses, the rev…

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