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Rule of Law through imperfect bodies? The informal justice systems of Burundi and Somalia

"This paper provides an overview of the central findings emerging from the two studies, Stateless Justice in Somalia – Formal and Informal Rule of Law Initiatives and The Role of Informal Justice Systems in Reconstructing the Rule of Law in Post-C...

Somalia: the Intervention Dilemma

"This Policy Brief examines the apparent urgency to increase AMISOM force levels. It interrogates the AU’s interventionist strategy in Somalia, including the planned troop surge, analyses the terrorist dimension of the bombings, drawing parallels...

Somalia: The Transitional Government on Life Support

"Somalia’s Transitional Federal Government (TFG) has squandered the goodwill and support it received and achieved little of significance in the two years it has been in office. It is inept, increasingly corrupt and hobbled by President Sharif’s w...

Understanding Africa's Contemporary Conflicts Origins, Challenges and Peacebuilding

"The first part, consisting of two chapters, examines changing methodologies through which we can more accurately analyse and map violent conflict, its causes and effects. The second then consider conflict resolution and peacebuilding and the key ...

Building States While Fighting Terror: Contradictions in US Strategy in Somalia from 2001 to 2007

"This report suggests that US policy in Somalia since 2001 represents many strong trends in US security thinking.For instance, there has been a revived emphasis on state stability and, conversely,a problematisation of state weakness as a threat. U...

Changing Paradigm in Somalia

"Over the last eight years,the international community, whether intentionally or not,has addressed the Somali crisis principally through a counter-terrorist approach. For a number of reasons alluded to in this text, such an attempt to provide a s...

Somalia: Understanding Al-Shabaab

"This report briefly examines the nature of Al-Shabaab’s ideological stance, their political ambitions and why this movement constitutes the gravest threat to the survival of Sheikh Sharif’s government and the Djibouti peace process that gave it...

Africa 2008 – 2009: Retrospective look at the past year and forecast for the new year

"The present Situation Report is an attempt to make sense of the various and contrasting developments that marked the year 2008 in Africa from a human security perspective.It also provides some clues to understand the events that are likely to sha...

Somalia: Have All the Options Run Out?

"This paper examines the attempts at the restoration of peace and security in Somalia, which is critical to the establishment and maintenance of stability in the region. Unless there is genuine political will and sustained engagement from the regi...

Short Commentary on Somalia: Plus ça change...?

"The question now is when the resurrected government of Somalia can reduce its dependence on its external life-support systems and assume a measure of responsibility for what happens in Somalia itself. It is evident that these are early days, an...

Don't Hold the African Crisis Response Force Hostage to Unrealistic Demands

"The institution of a standing African force tasked with a peacekeeping responsibility, however, should be assessed in a sober and dispassionate manner and is, for political and practical reasons, more a medium to long term matter than it is an im...

The Root Causes of the Somali Piracy

"Throughout this paper it has been the goal to identify the root causes of the piracy crisis in Somalia, how the crisis itself has transformed over time, efforts to respond to it, and the extent of success. The greatest component that enables all ...

Regional Security in the Post-Cold War Horn of Africa

"This monograph contains papers that were presented and extensively discussed at this particular Expert Roundtable. The monograph primarily attempts to study political decision-making, personalities and historical experiences, and also to identif...

Cross‐Border Livestock Trade and Food Security in the Southern and Southeastern Ethiopia Borderlands

"The objective of this study is to characterise and analyse the process of cross‐border livestock trade between Ethiopia and Kenya and the southeastern part of the Ethiopia Somalia borderlands. The study looks at the relationship between cross‐bo...

Post Drought Recovery Strategies Among the Pastoral Households in the Horn of Africa : A Review

"Due to the interrelationships between the various phases of drought, the review generally deals with the whole inter-drought cycle, but has put much emphasis on the post-drought period. Regarding the drought period and subsequent responses, the r...

Community - Based and Customary Taxation in South - Central Somalia: Possibilities for Hybrid Governance and Dialogue Programming

The findings of a feasibility study is presented in this report, which is intended to inform the future design and implementation of the DIALOGUE programme. It has the goal of understanding the social reality of taxation, legitimacy, and accounta...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2016

In ‘To Punish or to Reform? Survivor Justice in Africa’ focuses only on survivor justice as a model more suitable to African contexts, where conflicts are mostly internal and there are rarely decisive military victories between political adversari...

The Political Economy of Extractives in the Borderlands

The first contribution titled: Extractives in the Horn of Africa: Regional potential and challenges by Muhumuza Didas discusses government legitimacy, among others as a critical factor for the success of the extractive industry; the need for commu...

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No. 5 September-October 2016

This issue of HAB, "A year after Valetta: What has changed?" focuses on the large volume of people migrating from the Middle East and Africa - fleeing conflict or poverty and heading to Europe. This issue coincides with the one-year anniversary ...

Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particul...

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