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Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and S…

Increasing Women's Participation and Inclusion in Jubbaland Peace Processes: Women, Conflict and Peace: Learning from Kismayo

Globally, and in the Somali context, peace processes and political settlements remain elite bargaining scenarios involving mainly male actors in a conflict. Conducted with women and men in Kismayo, this research underlines how the inclusion of Somal…

Increasing Women's Participation and Inclusion in Jubbaland Peace Processes: Life Stories: Women, Conflict and Peace: Learning from Kismayo

In October 2016, the Life & Peace Institute (LPI), Peace Direct and the Somali Women Solidarity Organization (SWSO) began a qualitative study to understand better how women in Kismayo had been affected by the many armed conflicts that had taken plac…

Gender Mainstreaming in Puntland Public Institutions: A Case of Ministries of Education, Labour, Health, and Planning

Somali gender analysis study commissioned by the European Union and undertaken by the Somali Institute for Development and Research Analysis in 2016 found out that Somali stood fourth in the world in terms of gender inequality with one of the highes…

No More 'Grass Grown by the Spear': Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland

Land ownership and access to land are the most frequent source of violent conflicts in contemporary Somaliland, especially in pastoral and agro-pastoral communities, which form the backbone of Somaliland’s domestic economy. The collapse of Somalia’…

Local Capacities for Peace: Addressing Land-based Conflicts in Somaliland and Afghanistan

It was the aim of the project to conduct case studies on certain land conflicts in order to generate reliable knowledge on the main causes, the conflict cycle and possible mechanisms of civil conflict resolution. In both Somaliland and Afghanista…

Localizing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) & SDG7 in Puntland

The global development scene continues to experience huge challenges among them extreme poverty; inequality and injustice; and a changing climate that threatens all humanity whether in developed or less developed countries. Faced with this reality, …

Understanding the Drivers of Drought in Somalia: Environmental Degradation as a Drought Determinant

Drought recurrence is a persistent phenomenon in Somalia. The latest one has continued for the last three years. Although the subdued Gu rains that fell between April and May provided some temporary relief, the depressed nature of this critical pr…

The Gulf Crisis: Why Somalia Should Take a Critical Distance

The governments of Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut ties with Qatar in the worst diplomatic crisis to hit Gulf Arab states in decades in June 2017. The four countries accused Qatar of supporting terrorism and destabilizing…

Vote for Peace II: A Report on the 2010 Somaliland Presidential Election Process

On 26 June 2010, the people of Somaliland went to the polls to elect a new president for the second time since declaring independence. The incumbent President Daahir Rayaale Kaahin lost to the main opposition candidate Axmed Maxamed Maxamuud Siilaa…

Local Solutions: Creating an Enabling Environment for Decentralisation in Somaliland

In December 2002, the people of Somaliland went to the polls for the first time in more than three decades, electing 332 councillors to manage the affairs of their towns and 23 electoral districts. These ‘local elections’ marked the first chapter in…

Women, Peace and Security Agenda: Somali Women in the Post Conflict Socio-Political Arena

Somalia is one of the post conflict societies in the horn of Africa. It has been and still characterized by conflicts occurring at inter-state, intra-state and inter-communal levels. Although conflicts in Somalia affected both men and women, women …

Gender in Higher Education in Puntland: From Accessibility to Creating Supportive Environment for Women in Higher Education and Research

Female educational attainments are associated with women’s capacity to make informed decisions about various aspects of life, including health, marriage, and reproduction. Similarly, there is a positive relationship between educational attainment …

Assessment Study on Female Police Officers in Police Forces in Somalia

This study endeavoured-, among others, to identify progress made by the milestones set in the Somali Compact and the Rule of Law Joint Program with its goals of Peace and State building through the federal government of Somalia and the member state…

Women's Political Participation in Puntland - Prospects for Progress

The study aimed at assessing and documenting women’s political participation in Puntland, focusing on the recent political processes while drawing lessons from historical trends and broader societal issues surrounding women’s political participation…

Somalia 2016 Elections: Contesting the Boundaries of Democracy

At the end of 2013, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) committed to “Vision 2016”, an audacious plan to execute all the points of reference in the Provisional Constitution of Somalia and the New Deal's Somali Compact. These two crucial document…

Democracy in Puntland: The People's Choice

Puntland state of Somalia was established in August 1998 as an autonomous regional government and part of the future federal state of Somalia. The consultative formation process was comprehensive with traditional elders and local leaders laying the …

Seven Years in, Slimmer Majority of Kenyans see Military Action in Somalia as Necessary

In October 2011, after years of conflict with extremist groups on its eastern and northeastern borders, Kenya sent about 2,000 Kenya Defence Forces (KDF) troops into Somalia. Close on the heels of high-profile kidnappings and deaths of foreign tour…

The Impact of the Role of Traditional leaders on Politico-governance in Somalia: Present realities and Past Reflections

Overviewing the types and the roles of the of governance institutions of pre-colonial Somalia, this study explored the current situation of the elders’ office with comparing it to the former. The findings include that today’s elders’ office does not…

A Vote for Peace: How Somaliland Successfully Hosted its First Parliamentary elections in 35 Years

On September 29th 2005, the people of Somaliland went to the polls to choose a new parliament for the first time since 1969. The elections for the 82-seat House of Representatives symbolised not only the final stage in Somaliland’s laborious transit…

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