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Peace and Development in Northern Somalia: Opportunities and Challenges

It must appear to much of the world that Somalia has ceased to exist. All diplomatic missions there have been closed and Somalia’s seat at the United Nations lies empty. Although limited UN aid programmes are operating, bilateral donors have larg…

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia- Losing Hearts and Minds

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

Somaliland: Democratisation and Its Discontents

Recent developments have made the choice faced by the international community considerably clearer: develop pragmatic responses to Somaliland's demand for self-determination or continue to insist upon the increasingly abstract notion of the unity an…

Counter-Terrorism in Somalia: Losing Hearts and Minds?

Nearly four years after 9/11, hardly a day passes without the "war on terrorism" making headlines, with Iraq, Afghanistan, Indonesia and now London holding centre stage. But away from the spotlight, a quiet, dirty conflict is being waged in Somalia:…

Can the Somali Crisis Be Contained?

Somalia has been drifting toward a new war since the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) was formed in late 2004 but the trend has recently accelerated dramatically. The stand-off between the TFG and its Ethiopian ally on the one hand, and the…

Somaliland: Time for African Union Leadership

On 18 May 2006, the self-declared Republic of Somaliland marked fifteen years since it proclaimed independence from Somalia. Although its sovereignty is still unrecognised by any country, the fact that it is a functioning constitutional democracy di…

Somalia: The Tough Part Is Ahead

Somalia’s Islamic Courts fell even more dramatically than they rose. In little more than a week in December 2006, Ethiopian and Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG) forces killed hundreds of Islamist fighters and scattered the rest in a ligh…

Somalia’s Islamists

Somalia’s long civil conflict and lack of central governing institutions present an international security challenge. Terrorists have taken advantage of the state’s collapse to attack neighbouring countries and transit agents and materiel. The count…

Somalia: The Trouble with Puntland

Excerpt: "The semi-autonomous north-eastern Somali region of Puntland, once touted as a success of the 'building blocks' approach to reestablishing national stability and widely viewed as one of the most prosperous parts of Somalia, is experiencing…

Somalia: To Move Beyond the Failed State

Excerpt: "Since 1991 Somalia has been the archetypal failed state. Several attempts to create a transitional set-up have failed, and the current one is on the brink of collapse, overtaken yet again by an Islamist insurgency, despite the support of a…

Somaliland: A Way out of the Electoral Crisis

"The stalled electoral process has plunged Somaliland into a serious political crisis that presents yet another risk of destabilisation for the region. If its hard-won political stability collapses under the strain of brinkmanship and intransigence,…

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It a…

Somalia - the dark side of humanity

This brief report describes the conflict in Somalia, which originates in the fact that General Mohammed Farah Aidid do not recognise Ali Mahdi as the interim president, leading to armed conflict. During the Cold War, the US and the USSR viewed Somal…

Somali Pirates have Rights too Judicial Consequences and Human Rights Concerns

"The international community’s counter-piracy operation off the coast of Somalia has had limited success, despite a proliferation of initiatives and resources. Although the large military presence has increased the number of piracy suspects that are…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2010

This study comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1) Rethinking Peace and Security in Africa: ECOWAS, a Human Security Regime? 2) Sustainable Peace Processes: Addressing the Status of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. 3)The Referen…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2009

This Issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)The Palestine-Israel Conflict: Lessons from South Africa’s Democratic Transition 2)Evaluating Women’s Participation in Transitional Justice and Governance: A Community Dialogue Process in …

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mili…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2006

"This issue of Conflict Trends surveys the current PCR developments in Africa, highlights the challenges that are encountered during PCR and presents case studies of best practices and lessons learned. A significant lesson from South Africa very cl…

Seeking Peace in Somalia A Review of the Impact of AMISOM Police

"The challenge of making and keeping peace in Somalia, Dr Kisiangani observed, is also about how to strike the right balance between the need for achieving peace in the country and addressing external concerns, including those of Ethiopia (i.e. it…

Somalia: An Opportunity that Should Not Be Missed

"The next six months will be crucial for Somalia. The international community is taking a renewed interest in the country; the mandate of the feeble and dysfunctional Transitional Federal Government (TFG) expires in a half-year; and emboldened troop…

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