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Towards Effective Implementation of UN-imposed Arms Embargoes in Africa

An analysis is provided in this policy brief, regarding the implementation of arms embargoes in Côte d’Ivoire, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Sierra Leone and Somalia. These countries were selected for analysis based on their particular…

Informal Taxation in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone: Taxpayers’ Experiences and Perceptions

Citizens often pay a range of ‘taxes’ that differ substantially from statutory policies, in low-income and post-conflict countries and particularly in rural areas. These ‘informal taxes’, paid to a variety of state and non-state actors, are frequent…

Studies in Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-conflict Countries in Africa: Some Lessons of Experience from Sierra-Leone

"Sierra Leone like Uganda, Rwanda and Mozambique offers an interesting case study on post-war reconstruction and capacity building in Africa. This small West African country became embroiled in a violent armed conflict in March 1991 when a small gro…

Reconstruction and Capacity Building in Post-Conflict Countries in Africa: a Summary of Lessons of Experience from Mozambique, Rwanda, Sierra Leone and Uganda

The main objective of the study has been to draw lessons of experience that could provide a guide to policies, strategies and instruments for post-conflict capacity-building initiatives. The four country studies highlighted the fact that root cau…

Private Sector Investment in Sierra Leone: An analysis of the Macroeconomic Determinants

Many developing countries experienced a downturn in economic growth in the early 1980s. In Africa, the growth rate of income per capita fell significantly following persistent decline in domestic investment. For Sierra Leone, private investment as…

Breaking the Silence on Human Rights Violations in Sierra Leone under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR): A Shadow Report on Discrimination and Violence Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Sierra Leone has a devastating history of gross human rights violations. During the violent civil war 50,000 people were killed and 2,000,000 people were displaced. The civil war was extremely divisive and was rooted in significant prejudice. As t…

Violence Against Women in South Africa: A Country in Crisis 2017

In South Africa, a country scarred by the history of apartheid, violence against women (VAW) is endemic. Statistics on femicide, rape and domestic violence demonstrate unprecedented prevalence rates. According to South Africa’s 2016 Demographic and …

The Inflationary Effects of Fiscal Deficit in Sierra Leone: A Simulation Approach

The objective of the study is to identify rules for the conduct of fiscal and monetary policies for low inflation in Sierra Leone. Policy simulations are carried out following the estimation of an inflation model with annual data from 1971 to 2012. …

China's Silent Storm in Sierra Leone

"There are many faces to China’s presence in Sierra Leone and its present role there. Chinese investments, ‘gifts’ and trading activities have gone some way to reshaping the stereotype of Beijing as solely an exploiter of Africa’s minerals resources…

Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence, t…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

Lessons from Electoral Management and Processes in West Africa

"This paper summarises the observations and findings of a comparative study of the contribution of electoral commissions (ECs) to the strengthening of democracy in West Africa, carried out in 2009–2010. The study was conducted in six countries, …

1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case

Apparently the UNSCR 1325 presents the only framework that emphasizes the progressive role that policewomen can play in the peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction process. Despite limitations identified in this Policy Brief, there has been …

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two coun…

Smash the Glass Redefining Approaches to Ending Impunity for Sexual and Gender Based Violence

The rich discussions, debates and case studies that emerged from the conference were captured in this report. Given the diversity and the use of a range of media – it is hoped that the insight into the conversations and commitments that occurred du…

Transitions from War to Peace: Dilemmas of Multilateral Intervention in Civil War

This paper examines the nexus between war and peace. It argues that war to peace transitions should not be seen as mechanistic processes which start at one point and end at another. First among the factors to be examined is that the root causes of c…

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from the…

Opportunity or Threat: The Engagement of Youth in African Societies

:The chapters in this monograph speak to the delicate challenges that face African countries when it comes to the dynamic of youth. The United Nations General Assembly defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. The Africa…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 8, no. 1, 2008

This issue contains four articles. 'The Nexus between Social Capital and Reintegration of Ex-combatants: A Case for Sierra Leone' argues that in order to achieve successful reintegration of ex-combatants, a community-focused approach that generates …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 2, 2009

"This special edition provides a unique medium to outline some of the gender concerns and priorities that have emerged in recent transitional justice initiatives in Africa. The opening article provides a brief overview of significant developments i…

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