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Liberia- Unravelling

The international community is often left to bemoan the fact that it lacks effective early warning tools for major humanitarian crises and conflicts. Yet, today in Liberia it is presented with almost a textbook case of all the major warning signs ...

Sierra Leone: Time for a New Military and Political Strategy

Sierra Leone is a human tragedy of massive proportions that is rapidly becoming a security nightmare for all West Africa. Two-thirds of Sierra Leone’s population are thought to have been displaced during the ten-year civil war. Another 600,000 hav...

From Civil Strife to Peacebuilding: The Private Sector's Role in West African Reconstruction

A conference on the post-conflict situation in the West African "fragile states" of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire, organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Laurier Centre for Strategic Military and Disarmament...

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the presi...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Dealing for Development? A Study of Diamond Marketing and Pricing in Sierra Leone

"The aim of the Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and thus of this report is to enhance human security in artisanal diamond mining areas, contributing to making artisanal mining less conflict-prone and more beneficial to the labourers, miners, ...

Policy Brief: The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone

"This Policy Brief summarizes a report entitled ‘The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone’. It also describes some of the policy implications for government, donor agencies and development organizations arising from the ...

China's Silent Storm in Sierra Leone

"There are many faces to China’s presence in Sierra Leone and its present role there. Chinese investments, ‘gifts’ and trading activities have gone some way to reshaping the stereotype of Beijing as solely an exploiter of Africa’s minerals resourc...

Reconciliation without Regret: National Healing and Reconciliation in South Sudan

"In 2011, southern Sudan witnessed a successful and peaceful referendum, culminating in its secession from the Republic of Sudan and the birth of an independent Republic of South Sudan on 9 July. Despite the relative peace brought by independence,...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and ...

Lessons from Electoral Management and Processes in West Africa

"This paper summarises the observations and findings of a comparative study of the contribution of electoral commissions (ECs) to the strengthening of democracy in West Africa, carried out in 2009–2010. The study was conducted in six countries...

1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case

Apparently the UNSCR 1325 presents the only framework that emphasizes the progressive role that policewomen can play in the peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction process. Despite limitations identified in this Policy Brief, there has bee...

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two co...

Smash the Glass Redefining Approaches to Ending Impunity for Sexual and Gender Based Violence

The rich discussions, debates and case studies that emerged from the conference were captured in this report. Given the diversity and the use of a range of media – it is hoped that the insight into the conversations and commitments that occurred ...

Transitions from War to Peace: Dilemmas of Multilateral Intervention in Civil War

This paper examines the nexus between war and peace. It argues that war to peace transitions should not be seen as mechanistic processes which start at one point and end at another. First among the factors to be examined is that the root causes of...

Domestic Prosecutions of International Crimes in Africa : Kenya

Following the announcement of the 2007 general election results, Kenya plunged into unprecedented violence. The upheaval left in its wake over a thousand people dead, hundreds sexually violated and hundreds of thousands physically displaced from t...

Africa Rising: Inequalities and the Essential Role of Fair Taxation

"This report investigates the issue of income inequality in eight sub-Saharan African countries (Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe). While there is growing public recognition that inequality is the issu...

Agricultural Innovations for Climate Change Adaptation and Food Security in West Africa: The Case of Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Liberia

Despite international efforts, poverty has become more widespread in many countries in the last decade, making poverty reduction the core challenge for development in the 21st century.The incidences of food insecurity and poverty are particularl...

Governance, Accountability and Effective Basic Service Delivery in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone’s Post-War development is normatively and politically hinged on a signpost of good governance. Almost all the governance related strategies and public policy documents articulate the consequences of bad governance. Most of these polic...

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