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Liberia- Unravelling

The international community is often left to bemoan the fact that it lacks effective early warning tools for major humanitarian crises and conflicts. Yet, today in Liberia it is presented with almost a textbook case of all the major warning signs of…

Sierra Leone: Time for a New Military and Political Strategy

Sierra Leone is a human tragedy of massive proportions that is rapidly becoming a security nightmare for all West Africa. Two-thirds of Sierra Leone’s population are thought to have been displaced during the ten-year civil war. Another 600,000 have …

From Civil Strife to Peacebuilding: The Private Sector's Role in West African Reconstruction

A conference on the post-conflict situation in the West African "fragile states" of Liberia, Sierra Leone and Côte d'Ivoire, organized by the Centre for International Governance Innovation, the Laurier Centre for Strategic Military and Disarmament S…

Sierra Leone: A New Era of Reform?

Excerpt: "Sierra Leone has made much progress since the civil war ended in 2002, but a number of social and economic time bombs must still be defused if an enduring peace is to be built. The 2007 elections, in which Ernest Bai Koroma won the preside…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system t…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to smu…

Dealing for Development? A Study of Diamond Marketing and Pricing in Sierra Leone

"The aim of the Diamond Development Initiative (DDI) and thus of this report is to enhance human security in artisanal diamond mining areas, contributing to making artisanal mining less conflict-prone and more beneficial to the labourers, miners, an…

Policy Brief: The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone

"This Policy Brief summarizes a report entitled ‘The Dynamics of Diamond Pricing and Marketing in Sierra Leone’. It also describes some of the policy implications for government, donor agencies and development organizations arising from the re…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2010

This study comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1) Rethinking Peace and Security in Africa: ECOWAS, a Human Security Regime? 2) Sustainable Peace Processes: Addressing the Status of Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons. 3)The Referen…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a C…

Two Decades of Conflict and Democracy in Sierra Leone A Personal Experience

"Poor governance, mismanagement, endemic corruption, exclusion and marginalisation, especially of the youth, were causal factors that led Foday Sankoh, an ex-corporal of the national army, to take up arms against the feeble government of President …

Old Tricks, Young Guns Elections and Violence in Sierra Leone

"Sierra Leone is acclaimed as one of Africa’s most successful post-conflict states. But the country remains fragile. Every election since independence has been attended by violence. Support for political parties is polarised on ethnic and regional l…

Opportunity or Threat: The Engagement of Youth in African Societies

:The chapters in this monograph speak to the delicate challenges that face African countries when it comes to the dynamic of youth. The United Nations General Assembly defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. The Africa…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 8, no. 1, 2008

This issue contains four articles. 'The Nexus between Social Capital and Reintegration of Ex-combatants: A Case for Sierra Leone' argues that in order to achieve successful reintegration of ex-combatants, a community-focused approach that generates …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 9, No. 2, 2009

"This special edition provides a unique medium to outline some of the gender concerns and priorities that have emerged in recent transitional justice initiatives in Africa. The opening article provides a brief overview of significant developments i…

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 10, No. 1, 2010

This article contains five topics and two book reviews. 'Implications of the Bakassi conflict resolution for Cameroon' sketches a conceptual framework of international conflict dynamics and resolution, examines geopolitics of the Bakassi dispute bet…

Think Global, Transfer Local: The Perils and Opportunities of a Locally Owned Peace Process in Post-War Sierra Leone

"This paper examines the opportunities and dilemmas of locally owned peace processes in post-conflict Sierra Leone. This paper explores the following key themes: the means of local ownership in peace processes and the economics and politics of local…

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sier…

Justice and Peacebuilding in Post-Conflict Situations: An argument for including Gender Analysis in a new Post-Conflict Model

"After the 1991–2001 civil war, Sierra Leone employed a new model of transitional justice, concurrently utilising a Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and a Special Court. Encouragingly, this process incorporated special gender considerations…

Localising Peacebuilding in Sierra Leone: What Does it Mean?

"Contemporary peacebuilding processes increasingly propose and adopt local ownership as a fundamental prerequisite in sustainable peacebuilding. Local ownership presupposes the application of an organic and context-specific approach to peacebuilding…

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