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Mediation efforts in Africa’s Great Lakes Region

"This paper reviews the mediation experiences by presenting a chronology that starts from Kenyan President Daniel Arap Moi's intervention in Uganda's civil war in 1985 and ends with Botswana's former President Ketumile Masire's mediation of the co...

The Justice Sector Afterthought : Witness Protection in Africa

"This book seeks to address the frictions between protecting the rights of accused persons and protecting the physical and psychological wellbeing of witnesses in Africa.Developed states are still attempting to refine the weighing of these two p...

Research on Small Arms in Central Africa

"By the end of the seminar a number of things had become apparent. Most research in Central Africa has been conducted by foreign researchers, with very limited direct participation by locals. One consequence of this is that local people, including...

Disarmament and Reconciliation Rwanda’s Concerns

"The main aim of this paper is to try and bring to the fore the complexities behind the conflict in Rwanda with a focus on the need to link disarmament to the entire post-conflict confidence building and reconciliation process now underway. The pa...

Report from a Symposium on the Investigation and Prosecution of ‘Core International Crimes’ and the Role of the International Criminal Court in Africa

"The first objective was to lay the foundation for greater cooperation between the African Union (AU) and the ICC. The second, and related, objective was to highlight the problems and politics (both domestically within African states and regionall...

A 90-day Plan to Bring Peace to the DRC? An Analysis of the Pretoria Agreement of 30 July 2002

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief background to the Pretoria agreement, and an early overview and analysis of the implications of the MoU,from the perspective of: South Africa’s role as peacemaker in the DRC; support to the military as...

Towards Global Justice in the 21st Century?

"The aim of this paper is to highlight the broader significance of these developments, with specific focus on the impetus given to the creation of three further specialised criminal tribunals to prosecute those who allegedly violated international...

The Gacaca Process: Eradicating the Culture of Impunity in Rwanda?

"Eleven years after the genocide in Rwanda, the gacaca tribunals have been introduced on a national level in an attempt to accelerate the process of justice. There is no doubt that some mechanism for justice needs to be instituted not only to ensu...

Update on the DRC: Is the Transition in Trouble?

"This situation report will attempt to describe the state of each component as well as their positions on key issues. It will also look at the attitudes that the various components have towards one another and how this impacts the functioning of...

Tension in Ituri: An Update on the Democratic Republic of the Congo

"Although the withdrawal of foreign forces from the DRC and more specifically the Ituri province are unquestionably pre-requisites for the observance of the cease-fire, the power vacuum that may ensue must be avoided. The establishment of an accep...

Don't Hold the African Crisis Response Force Hostage to Unrealistic Demands

"The institution of a standing African force tasked with a peacekeeping responsibility, however, should be assessed in a sober and dispassionate manner and is, for political and practical reasons, more a medium to long term matter than it is an im...

Uganda and Rwanda: The Rocky alliance

Until recently, good relations between Uganda and its neighbour Rwanda were taken for granted. Museveni and Kagame openly intervened to overthrow the dictatorial regime of President Mobutu of Zaire. However, in mid-August 1999 a clash in the town ...

eAfrica: The Electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 2, July 2004

This journal contains articles on economic stability and growth in Africa as well as on food security. The article Troubling signs mark Kagame’s path to unity focus on the 10 years that the Rwandese Patriotic Front has been in power. The last arti...

Between Hope and Scepticism: Civil Society and the African Peer Review Mechanism

history. We are currently witnessing major ferment in the development of the poorest continent on the planet. In the wake of the failure of the structural adjustment policies of the Bretton Woods institutions and of the negative effects of natio...

Local Initiatives in the African Great Lakes Region: Community Voices and Sustainable Development

The research for this study was undertaken in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo during the latter part of 1997, three years after the crisis in Rwanda. The study is not an analysis of the crisis of 1994, despite the fact that ...

Rwanda/Uganda: A Dangerous War of Nerves

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni of Uganda and President Paul Kagame of Rwanda were once called the "new breed" of African leaders but hopes that they can deliver peace and prosperity to their countries are being severely shaken. In early November...

Back to the Brink in the Congo

Both wars that devastated the Congo (Democratic Republic) in the past decade and led to some 3.8 million deaths began when Rwandan troops crossed the border into that giant country's unstable eastern region, the Kivus. History may be repeating its...

Congo At War: A Briefing of the Internal and External Players in the Central African Conflict

On 2 August 1998, barely 14 months after the end of the war initiated by the anti-Mobutu coalition, the emergence of a new armed movement announced the beginning of a further "war of liberation" in the Democratic Republic of Congo, this time again...

North Kivu, Into the Quagmire? An Overview of the Current Crisis in North Kivu

On 2 August 1998, barely 14 months after the fall of the late Zairian President Mobutu, a new armed movement in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo announced the beginning of another "war of liberation", this time against the regime of La...

Scramble for the Congo - Anatomy of an Ugly War

The Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, signed eighteen months ago to stop the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has proved hollow. The accord largely froze the armies in their positions, but did not stop the fighting. The mandated United Nat...

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