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The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal gol…

Etude sur la Participation des Femmes dans la Gestion des Conflits et la Consolidation de la Paix au Mali / Study on Women's Participation in Conflict Management and Peace-building in Mali

The purpose of this study is not so much to value the status or place of the woman, but rather to contribute to a better understanding of the work they have carried out, committed dynamics and constraints encountered. It highlights gaps in the imple…

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector i…

Working towards a Smart Energy Path: Experience from Benin, Mali and Togo

Benin, Mali and Togo – are three West African countries which have participated in the project ‘Energy, Eco development and Resilience in Africa (EERA)’. This project offers lessons to other countries on approaches that can be taken toward a ‘Smart…

Political Risks Facing African Democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

"Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-wa…

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where the…

Central Mali: An Uprising in the Making?

This report analyses the dynamics behind the extension of the areas of insecurity in central Mali and describes the groups that are responsible for this development. The centre of the country is dominated by the Inner Niger Delta, a territory subj…

The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Agricultural Investments in Mali and Nigeria

This paper specifically analyzes the cases of ongoing violence in Mali and Nigeria that continue to undermine agricultural productivity and investment. At the outset, it needs to be noted that these two conflicts—despite sharing similar jihadist ele…

Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of the …

The Problems and Prospects for ECOWAS Intervention in Mali

"As of late 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) supports a policy of military intervention in northern Mali, where rebel groups continue to implement various forms of governance. While there is a legal basis for an ECOWAS in…

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of soci…

Policy Brief : Insurgent Movements in West Africa: A Need for Preventive Action in Mali, Niger and Senegal

"This brief seeks to achieve two things. Firstly, it argues that greater attention to the insurgencies taking place in Mali, Niger and Casamance is critical to the maintenance of stability, good governance and peace in the West Africa region and tha…

Wealth Through Integration Regional Integration and Poverty-Reduction Strategies in West Africa

"Could regional integration be a first step toward joining the global market? In a context where liberalizing trade has not produced the expected gains in developing countries and growth in global trade has not led to the expected economic growth, a…

Mali: Reform or Relapse

"This report is based on several dozen interviews conducted in Bamako, Gao, Niamey, Dakar and Paris with Malian political and military actors, their foreign partners and Malian civil society representatives in both the north and south of the count…

Agricultural Policy Making in Mali

A strong political will is emerging on the part of government, after decades of neglect, to introduce reforms that will enable smallholder agriculture to be more efficient and eventually become the engine for the growth and sustainable development o…

Etude sur les Difficultés de Recouvrement des Créances dans l’espace Uemoa (Benin, Burkina-Faso, Mali, Senegal) / Study on the Difficulties of Debt Recovery in the UEMOA (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal)

"The study begins with an overview of the legal and economic environment of four countries, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal, all of which have the common characteristics of being both members of UEMOA and parties to the OHADA Treaty. T…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2014

In ‘Modern United Nations Peacekeeping: Towards a Holistic Approach to Addressing Conflict’ peacekeeping is part of the holistic approach to addressing conflict, along with conflict prevention, peacemaking, peace enforcement and peacebuilding. This …

The African Union's Response to Gender Based Violence

This Policy Brief analyzed the response of the African Union (AU) to the gender-based sexual violence that has been committed on an epidemic scale in the conflicts across the continent. These incidents of gender-based violence have witnessed innoce…

Building the Capacity of the Malian Police: Why MINUSMA needs to think outside the box

The policy brief aims to outline how the capacity-building aspect of the police component of MINUSMA can be strengthened to achieve the mission goal of assisting the re-establishment of state authority and the rebuilding of the security sector. The …

Towards Lasting Peace in Mali: Reflections on Post-Election Challenges

After the Tuareg-led rebellion in 2011 and the subsequent occupation of the country’s northern territories by extremist groups, Mali was plunged into a state of insecurity and chaos. The post-election challenges are immense and multifaceted, altho…

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