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Mali: Avoiding Escalation

"This report is published at a time of evident polarisation in the positions held by the multiple actors in this crisis and it is proving increasingly difficult for the most moderate to make their voices heard. It provides a detailed account of th...

The Problems and Prospects for ECOWAS Intervention in Mali

"As of late 2012, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) supports a policy of military intervention in northern Mali, where rebel groups continue to implement various forms of governance. While there is a legal basis for an ECOWAS ...

Understanding of the Natural Resource Conflict Dynamics The Case of Tuareg in North Africa and the Sahel

"The paper highlights the process leading to the armed conflict of Tuareg and the role of different countries in the conflict. In particular, it examines the way three dramatic events have shaped the livelihoods of Tuareg: the reorganisation of so...

Policy Brief : Insurgent Movements in West Africa: A Need for Preventive Action in Mali, Niger and Senegal

"This brief seeks to achieve two things. Firstly, it argues that greater attention to the insurgencies taking place in Mali, Niger and Casamance is critical to the maintenance of stability, good governance and peace in the West Africa region and t...

Development Aid for Infrastructure Investment in Africa: Malian relations with China, the European Commission and the World Bank

"This paper compares the terms of a selection of infrastructure aid contracts entered into by the government of Mali with both ‘traditional’ and ‘non-traditional’ donors. It asks whether these forms of aid, conventionally considered to be dichotom...

Timbuktu's golden legacy: The experience of South African Firms doing business in Mali

"This report is based on a series of interviews that were conducted in Mali in May 2005 with resident South African companies to research their experience of the Malian business environment. The study found that South African companies are mainly...

Addressing Emerging Security Threats in Post-Gaddafi Sahel and ECOWAS Response to the Malian Crises

"This policy paper examines the broader impact of post-Gaddafi security challenges on West African states, with particular emphasis on the Sahelian regions. This will be juxtaposed against the old insecurities serving as long time precursors. As t...

Mali: The Need for Determined and Coordinated International Action

"The situation in Mali remains confused six months after President ATT was overthrown. Already destabilised by Tuareg and Islamist armed rebellions that took control of the north, the coup completed the disintegration of the Malian state. Partly d...

Capacity Issues in the Formulation and Implementation of the Next Generation of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

Although economic growth is widely acknowledged to be crucial for poverty reduction and for sustaining development, efforts aimed at tackling these challenges in Africa did not, for a long time, yield the desired results. The decade of the 1980s...

Frontière Niger-Mali: Mettre l’outil Militaire au Service d’une Approche Politique / The Niger-Mali Border: Subordinating Military Action to a Political Strategy

Clashes along the Niger-Mali border have claimed dozens of lives over the past few months. For years, the circulation of weapons and increasing inter communal tensions have contributed to the region’s mounting insecurity. Since Mali’s 2012 crisis,...

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Repu...

Priorisation des problèmes de développement et des Objectifs de Développement Durable au Mali /Food, health, poverty, water: How Malian citizens prioritize problems and the Sustainable Development Goals

This report addresses issues related to the problems in the development areas as identified in the SDG's that Mali are facing. These development issues should be addressed by government and the Malians has identified the following issues as the m...

Compendium of Case Studies on Natural Resources and Energy in Africa

Africa is a continent of widespread reserves of natural resources (oil, minerals, forests, water and farmland), which can support its economic transformation. Paradoxically, rather than contributing to shared growth and development, rich deposits ...

After Five Years, Challenges Facing MINUSMA Persist

The situation in Mali continues to evolve and is making MINUSMA’s task further challenging. Civilians in northern and central Mali continue to suffer from protection issues. In fact, since June 2018, at least 287 civilians have been killed by extr...

Mali's Young ‘Jihadists’ Fuelled by Faith or Circumstance?

Young people in the ranks of the armed jihadist groups in Mali are portrayed as unemployed, idle and fanatical . There is however little empirical data to support this characterization. Little research has been done in the Malian context where t...

Central Mali: An Uprising in the Making?

This report analyses the dynamics behind the extension of the areas of insecurity in central Mali and describes the groups that are responsible for this development. The centre of the country is dominated by the Inner Niger Delta, a territory su...

The Impact of Conflict and Political Instability on Agricultural Investments in Mali and Nigeria

This paper specifically analyzes the cases of ongoing violence in Mali and Nigeria that continue to undermine agricultural productivity and investment. At the outset, it needs to be noted that these two conflicts—despite sharing similar jihadist e...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal g...

Etude sur la Participation des Femmes dans la Gestion des Conflits et la Consolidation de la Paix au Mali / Study on Women's Participation in Conflict Management and Peace-building in Mali

The purpose of this study is not so much to value the status or place of the woman, but rather to contribute to a better understanding of the work they have carried out, committed dynamics and constraints encountered. It highlights gaps in the imp...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector...

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