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Engaging Problem Countries

U.S. policymakers have normally turned to military force, political and economic sanctions, and covert action in trying to dissuade so-called "rogue states" - notably Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, and North Korea - from behavior that the United States fi…

Liberia- Staying Focused

2006 is a decisive year for Liberia and with it West Africa. Just as Liberia once dragged its neighbours into a horrific war, it could now – with good policy and strong donor support – become an anchor for stability in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Côte …

Liberia- Resurrecting the Justice System

Reform of the justice system needs to be a top priority for Liberia’s new government and donors alike.1 After fourteen years of civil war, the system is in shambles. Impunity prevails, and in this atmosphere, the government cannot adequately address…

Responsibility to Protect: Why Libya and not Syria?

"While the intervention in Libya saved relatively many lives, there is hesitation to intervene in Syria due to geopolitics, despite the threshold for intervention having been reached. However, by endorsing the notion of responsibility to protect, UN…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2011

'Imperatives for Post-conflict Reconstruction in Libya' asserts that for an effective launching of a national construction process, Libyans as well as the international community should take into consideration certain imperatives for rebuilding a w…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2012

This issue has seven articles. 'Assessing the African Union’s Response to the Libyan Crisis' analyses the AU’s response to the Libyan crisis as represented by its roadmap as well as its decision to recognise the National Transitional Council (NTC). …

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2012

"As studies of the protection of civilians in Africa are still in the initial stages, the need exists for further reflection on the central role of such protection within peacekeeping operations in Africa. This Training for Peace (TfP) Special Issu…

Libya Conflict Insight

Libya achieved independence from United Nations (UN) trusteeship in 1951 as an amalgamation of three former Ottoman provinces, Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan under the rule of King Mohammed Idris. In 1969, King Idris was deposed in a coup stag…

Libye Déterminants politiques internes et préalables institutionnels à l’organisation d’élections / Internal Political Determinants and Institutional Prerequisites for the Organisation of Elections

In the context of conflict in Libya, this paper explores the role of political actors and their interactions. Following an assessment of the forces involved, the aim is to identify a common notion in Libyan political discourse, that of "people", and…

Overview of Key Livelihood Activities in Northern Niger

This research paper focuses on important livelihood activities in the licit economy of northern Niger and how it evolved. This paper will attempt to highlight the important historical dates that changed the dynamics in northern Niger, and different…

Peace & Security Council Report Issue 111

The Peace and Security Council Report analyses developments and decisions at the African Union Peace and Security Council (PSC). The monthly publication is the only one of its kind dedicated to providing current analysis of the PSC’s work. In this e…

Oslo Forum 2018: The End of the Big Peace? Opportunities for Mediation

This year’s overarching theme was The end of the Big Peace? Opportunities for mediation. Given increasingly atomised and internationalised conflicts in places such as Syria, Yemen and Libya, participants reflected on whether we are seeing the end o…

Less than the Sum of its Parts: Europe’s Fixation with Libyan Border Security

Europe views the drop in migration from Libya to Europe as a success. The EU and member states have buttressed Libya’s border security by training and equipping formal forces, working with hybrid security forces, and making deals with armed groups. …

Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa : Experience from the Sahel

"This Policy Brief discusses border management challenges in light of the Mali and Sahel crises.It argues for documentation of existing national strategies on border management and their alignment into an ECOWAS strategy. These strategies, when enfo…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2014

In ‘Beheadings and the News Media: Why Some Conflict Atrocities Receive More Coverage than Others’ although major changes have occurred in the dissemination of news, there is no question that the news media retains an exceptionally powerful role in …

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portray…

2015 Nutrition Country Profile: Libya

The individual country profile for Libya captures the status and progress of this UN Member State, and the 80+ indicators include a wealth of information on child, adolescent and adult anthropometry and nutritional status, in addition to interventio…

The Niger-Libya Corridor Smugglers’ Perspectives

The particular focus of this study is on the smugglers facilitating the unprecedented flow of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa to Libya. There is a specific focus on the smuggling corridor that links northern Niger to southern Libya. This smuggling …

Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel : What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

Le Sahel Face aux Tendances Al Qaeda et Daech : Quel Dénouement Possible ? / Al Qaeda vs. Daech in the Sahel: What to Expect?

The terrorist landscape in the Sahel is characterized by multiple players that destabilize the countries in the region. Despite the fact that each terrorist group has particular areas of action and zones of influence, nevertheless two main ideologic…

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