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Elimination of Mercenerism in Africa A Need for a New Continental Approach

"The monograph aims to contribute to the global debate around mercenaries,PSCs and PMCs that is earnestly seeking to influence the determination of universal norms and standards by states, especially with regard to the use of PSCs and PMCs, as there…

Liberia: The 2011 Elections and Building Peace in the Fragile State

"At the conclusion of Liberia’s 2005 elections, which itself was a culmination of years of an excruciatingly slow, fitful and bloody transition from interminable low-intensity warfare to relative peace, one of the country’s leading citizens made the…

Managing Post-War Liberia: An Update

"The purpose of this situation report is to discuss the progress in the post-conflict reconstruction process in Liberia. It analyses the various initiatives and challenges associated with Liberian post-war experiences, taking into account domestic …

Liberia at a Crossroads: A Preliminary Look at the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) and the Protection of Civilians

"This paper is a preliminary attempt to look at the role of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) in the protection of civilians. In this vein, the paper will briefly explore the political and diplomatic developments leading to the deploym…

Liberating Liberia Charles Taylor and the Rebels Who Unseated Him

"August 2003 was a dramatic month for Liberia. Rebels held Monrovia under siege, West African peacekeepers moved in, President Charles Taylor stepped down and the United States made its first peacekeeping foray into Africa in a decade. For Liberia, …

Liberia: Peace at Last?

"Although reports of skirmishes are continuing in Liberia, it seems that for the moment the peace pact is holding in the country. But there are several factors that could play a role in returning the country to renewed civil war. LURD, who have alre…

Local Catalysts, Global Reactions: Cycles of Conflict in the Mano River Basin

"The Mano River Basin is perhaps best known for the Revolutionary United Front’s campaign of amputation during Sierra Leone’s civil war from 1991 to 2002. The area encompassed by Sierra Leone, Liberia, Côte d’Ivoire, and Guinea is rich in diamonds, …

Penetrating Power Small Arms in Post Conflict Sierra Leone and Liberia

"This monograph looks at the factors behind the demand for weapons in Sierra Leone and Liberia, focusing on the buyer side of the market to determine whether proliferation can be stemmed, or at least slowed down, through more creative measures. Inc…

Africa's Young Soldiers The Co-option of Childhood

"Section 1 reviews the phenomenon of child soldiers by situating it within a historical and universal context, as well as by examining the changing nature of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War and the extent to which, this has facilitated…

Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa

"The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles and impact of Gender Advisors (GA) and gender mainstreaming strategies in UN Peacekeeping missions, with specific reference to Sierra Leone and Liberia as case studies. These countries and missions are…

Peace-making in West Africa : Progress and Prospects

"The aim of this monograph is to document past ECOWAS experiences and identify lessons learned and best practices in its sub-regional peace-making processes. The focus is on major peace agreements brokered to end the conflicts in Liberia, Sierra Leo…

Building Peace on Fragile Foundations: The Liberian Challenge

"This paper provides an overview of the historic and contemporary sources of conflict in Liberia, including those surrounding the ballot box. The following sections highlight some of the specific long-term peacebuilding challenges facing the United …

State-Civil Society Interface in Liberia’s Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

"Post-conflict peacebuilding demands concerted efforts from all stakeholders to ensure its success; particularly, civil society must complement the capacity of the conflict-weary state. A successful peace-building, however, requires a harmonious re…

Liberia: A Briefing Paper on the TRC Report

"The main purpose of this policy brief is to critically examine, and provide a capsule analysis and nuanced understanding of the context, mandate, reactions and key issues emerging out of the TRC report and recommendations. Subsequently, the essay…

Enhancing the Operationalisation of the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework: A Study on the State Level Awareness of ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework in West Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso, Liberia and Ghana)

"The study in the four ECOWAS member states (Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana and Liberia) has provided interesting perspectives. The first is the fact that there is interest in the ECPF document and its potential to help in the reduction of conflicts an…

Reintegrating Ex-Combatants in the Great Lakes Region Lessons Learned

"Africa’s Great Lakes region has known conflict for a considerable period of time, and this has been met with several initiatives aimed at managing the situation in a sustainable way. One such initiative was the Multi-country Demobilisation and Rein…

eAfrica: The electronic Journal of Governance and Innovation, Vol 1, September 2003

The main focus of this volume is the African Diaspora and what the future holds for Africa with regard to the Brain drain crisis, the health care crisis, and democracy. The question that needs to be answered is will the African Diaspora solve Africa…

Can Development Interventions Help Post-conflict Communities Build Social Cohesion? The Case of the Liberia Millennium Villages

"This paper evaluates the efforts of one international development intervention — the Kokoyah Millennium Villages Project (KMVP) — to improve welfare and build social cohesion in post-conflict Liberia. This study is based on a preliminary analysis o…

Côte d’Ivoire’s Great West: Key to Reconciliation

"Western Côte d’Ivoire’s land, security and identity problems make this vast border territory the country’s most unstable area. Reconciliation has yet to begin there and communal tensions remain acute. Two administrative regions are especially pro…

The Road to Reconciliation: A case study of Liberia’s Reconciliation Roadmap

"Years after the August 2003 signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) which brought to an end Liberia’s bloody civil war, there was realisation by the Government of Liberia that the reconciliation process had stalled. To correct this, and …

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