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Opportunity or Threat: The Engagement of Youth in African Societies

:The chapters in this monograph speak to the delicate challenges that face African countries when it comes to the dynamic of youth. The United Nations General Assembly defines youth as those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years. The Afri...

African Journal on Conflict Resolution Vol. 11, No. 3, 2011

This issue has six articles. 'The historic contribution of the United Nations to the resolution of conflicts in Southern Africa' focuses on the contribution of the UN, and almost two decades after the establishment of a democratic constitutional o...

Liberia The 23 August 2011 Referendum The 11 October 2011 Presidential, Senate and House of Representatives Elections The 8 November 2011 Presidential Run off Election

"On the basis of its observations and information received from stakeholders in Liberia, and based on the benchmarks provided in the AU Declaration on the Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa, the Declaration of Principles on Intern...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 25

‘Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia’ spells out the huge challenges facing the new government of Liberia following a decade and a half of brutal civil war, war fuelled mainly by looted natural resources....

Other Facets no 24

‘Venezuela attacks PAC: inaction damages Kimberley Process: NGOs’ documents the violence and ineptitude that mark Venezuela’s diamond controls. In ‘Worries about illicit trade: KP effectiveness questioned’ a hot topic at the June Kimberley Process...

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly be...

Other Facets no 21

In ‘Brazilian Diamond Exports Resumed: Fraud wider than originally believed, ’ the challenge for Brazil will be to enforce new regulations, which are largely computer based, in a system where huge volumes of diamonds are mined by diggers with no l...

Enhancing Security and Justice in Liberia: The Regional Hub Model

“Justice and security are core components of healthy and functional societies. The security sector comprises government structures with authority to execute force, detain and arrest to protect the state, its citizens and those civil bodies respons...

Critical Lessons in Post-Conflict Security in Africa: The Case of Liberia’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission

"This paper reviews the causes of the conflict, the political settlement that was eventually arrived at in order to bring the conflict to an end as well as the nature of the major transitional justice mechanism that was implemented along with its ...

The International Criminal Court and the Trial of Charles Taylor Implications for Africa

"This policy brief puts into perspective the trial of the former president of Liberia, Charles Taylor, at the International Criminal Court (ICC) for his clandestine role in Sierra Leone Civil War of 1991–2002. The brief gives a critical analysis o...

Agricultural Productivity, Climate Change and the Entrepreneurship of Smallholder Farmers: Case of the Central and Western Regions of Liberia

"Liberia was making frantic efforts towards achieving food security through improvements in smallholder farmers’ productivity. However, the 1989-2003 civil conflict destroyed the economic life of the country, and reversed the positive trend toward...

A Regional Approach to Peacebuilding - The Mano River Region

"Contemporary conflict creates a web of interlocking conflicts involving the transfer of populations, arms, armies, finances, and conflict goods across increasingly porous borders. This Policy and Practice Brief emanates from the Mano River Region...

Security sector reform in Africa: The promise and the practice of a new donor approach

"When the concept of security sector reform (SSR) was introduced some 10 years ago, it aimed to offer an innovative approach to the reform of security governance. Within the SSR paradigm, such reform was seen as an essential precondition of sustai...

Peacebuilding coordination in African countries: Transitioning from conflict : case studies of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia and South Sudan

"This Occasional Paper addresses some strategic, operational and tactical elements of peacebuilding experiences in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Liberia and South Sudan. The evaluations conducted in the DRC, Liberia and Sudan highli...

Liberia: How Sustainable is the Recovery?

"Liberia’s October 2011 general and presidential elections, the second since civil war ended in 2003, are an opportunity to consolidate its fragile peace and nascent democracy. Peaceful, free and fair elections depend on how well the National Ele...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2011

"Peacekeeping and peacebuilding initiatives have evolved, transformed and adapted to new realities, with the aim of providing more effective and sustainable responses to armed conflicts and the processes that follow the aftermath of these conflic...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2008

This Issue features several articles under the following headings: Regional Child Warriors in West Africa. Strategies for Peace Education Integration in ECOWAS Member States’ Tertiary School Curricula. Intelligence and Peacekeeping − Are We Winnin...

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2008

This issue features several articles under the following headings: The State, Ethnicity and Human Rights in Africa. A Gender Analysis of the Kenyan Crisis. Strategic Communication: The Heart of Post-Conflict Processes. Transnational Ethnic Groups ...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2011

This issue features several articles under the following headings: Transitional Justice and Political Pre-transition in Zimbabwe. African Initiatives towards Creating Killing-free Societies. Religion: A Source of Conflict and a Resource for Peace...

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