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Declining Trust: Basotho Perceptions of Government Corruption and Performance Drive Drop in Popular Trust

In a democracy, citizens delegate powers to individuals and political parties charged with building and maintaining institutions that will ensure the people’s well-being. In this arrangement, trust is one of the most important ingredients in the leg…

In but Out in Lesotho: Women's Representation Dilemma

This policy briefing, focusing specifically on the National Assembly of Lesotho, argues that patriarchy, electoral processes, stereotypical gender roles and other foundational barriers perpetuate the marginalisation of women in parliament. Thereaf…

Election Fatigue? Half of Basotho want a Different Way to Choose Leaders

Transparent, free, and fair elections are a cornerstone of a functioning democracy. But can there be too much of a good thing? Lesotho has had three general elections in the past six years (in 2012, 2015, and 2017). Each failed to produce an outrigh…

Harnessing the 4IR in SADC: Roles for Policymakers

This paper maps SADC countries’ readiness for the Fourth Industrial Revolution from a strategic policy perspective. It focuses specifically on the digital connectivity and skills components of the 4IR, given their role in creating an enabling enviro…

Strengthening Local and National Infrastructures for Peace in Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho and South Sudan

In 2016, ACCORD outlined its 2017–2021 Six-Pillar Strategy, which seeks to contribute to sustainable peace, security and development in Africa by mitigating conflict. One of the critical pillars of the Strategy is Pillar 2, which focuses on strengt…

Basotho Increasingly Favour Legalizing Dual Citizenship, Unifying with South Africa

Lesotho’s Constitution prohibits Lesotho citizens from holding the citizenship of any other country. Basotho who want to become citizens of another country must renounce their Lesotho citizenship, giving up certain rights and benefits to which Lesot…

The SADC EPA - Opportunities in the Agro-processing Sectors of South Africa and Lesotho

Six SADC member states negotiated an economic partnership agreement (EPA) with the EU. This sub-group of SADC – the SADC EPA group – consisted of South Africa, Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, Swaziland and Mozambique. The agreement was signed on 10 June…

Basotho Support Limits on Executive Power and Transparency in Use of Public Information

The principle of accountability, described as early as the 19th century by Alexis de Tocqueville, is central to the functioning of democratic rule. Citizens bestow legitimacy upon representatives to govern on their behalf through the process by whic…

The SADC EPA: How can the Agreement Contribute to Lesotho's Agriculture and Agro-processing Sector Development?

The EU–SADC economic partnership agreement (EPA) came into force in October 2016 and offers Lesotho a number of tariff preferences above competitor countries in the EU market. These preferences become more significant the more processed a product is…

Reducing Loss of Treated Water Offers Substantial Financial Gains to Water Utilities: Managing Water Demand in Maseru, Lesotho

The Orange-Senqu Basin, spanning Namibia, Botswana, South Africa and Lesotho, is one of the most water-stressed regions in Southern Africa. Precipitation varies considerably from year to year, mostly falling during highly localised, intense storms. …

Africa Dialogue: Complexities of Coalition Politics in Southern Africa

When this publication was first conceived, it was meant to provide answers to three different, albeit inter-connected questions. Firstly, the question of what are the political conditions that lead to the formation of coalitions, either at the level…

Lesotho in 2019: Looking Back to Find a Way Forward

Lesotho’s internal strife has long been a headache for SADC. The regional organisation’s most recent engagement, the SADC Preventative Mission in the Kingdom of Lesotho (SAPMIL), is credited with bringing security and relative calm to the mountain k…

Kingdom of Lesotho: Conflict Insight

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by South Africa. It has a population of about 2.2 million and a total land area of 30.4 square kilometers. Since gaining independence from British rule in 1966, Lesotho has faced var…

Food Aid, Agriculture and the African Farmer: A Curate’s Egg?

"This occasional paper discusses the controversial issue of food aid which in the view of the World Bank and the World Food Programme is "an important and undervalued resource for development in Africa". The discussion, interestingly, includes the e…

Impact of HIV/AIDS on Public Sector Capacity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Towards a Framework for the Protection of Public Sector Capacity and Effective Response to the Most Affected Countries

"Never in history has there arisen such a widespread and fundamental threat to human development as the HIV/AIDS epidemic. As a result, one of the main challenges today for development management is how to address the massive loss of skills and expe…

Public-Private Partnerships in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case Studies for Policymakers 2017

PPPs for infrastructure involves the private sector in designing, building, financing and operating public infrastructure in sectors such as power generation, transportation, utilities, social infrastructure and government accommodation. Unlike priv…

Conflict Trends Issue 4

The first article on page 3 is titled: Electoral Mediation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Lesotho and Kenya: A Comparative Perspective. The article draws attention to various approaches used to deal with electoral disputes, which have bec…

The State of ICT in Lesotho (2016)

While Lesotho has made significant progress towards its national vision of 2020, it faces several challenges as a small landlocked, lower-middle income country, with mountainous terrain and low population density outside of the capital, Maseru. The …

Conflict Transformation and Peacebuilding in Southern Africa: Civil Society, Governments, and Traditional Leaders

The meeting documented in this report provided a platform for participants from Lesotho, Swaziland and Zimbabwe to share experiences and insights on sustained intervention initiatives implemented by the Centre for Conflict Resolution (CCR), Cape Tow…

Low Internet Penetration Despite 90% 3G Coverage in Lesotho

Lesotho has the lowest broadband penetration despite extensive 3G and some 4G coverage. About 70% of Lesotho resident have never used the Internet. The low level of Internet use is attributed to high mobile telecommunication services and products. U…

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