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Horn of Africa Bulletin November-December 2014

The first article in this issue " Peacebuilding through federalism: a road half-travelled in Ethiopia" attempts to discuss the synergy between Ethiopian federalism and its' peacebuilding projects by reflecting on the 20 years of political praxis. T…

Ethiopia: Emergence and Positive Change in a Turbulent Geopolitical Context

Through this paper, an anthropological and historical approach was used in the first part, in order to understand Ethiopia’s modern state building process since the fall of Haile Selassie’s empire to the rise of the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary …

Horn Of Africa Bulletin Vol 29 No. 4 July-August 2017

This issue of the Horn of Africa Bulletin (HAB) " Between Co-option and Autonomy: Grassroots CVE Initiatives as the Alternative?" follows from the January-February 2016 issue of the HAB that also focused on countering violent extremism (CVE). The a…

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at the …

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

Locus of Control and Technology Adoption in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

Despite substantial government investment to promote modern agricultural technologies - to improve yields and food security - the adoption rates of these technologies remain low in many African countries. This study analyzes two datasets (Ethiopi…

Do Safety Net Transfers Improve Household Diets and Reduce Undernutrition? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

An estimated 31.6 million people in Ethiopia are undernourished indicating a serious food shortage problem in the country. Ethiopia’s food production is extremely vulnerable to adverse weather conditions as the economy is dependent upon rain-fed ag…

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban unem…

Report on the 5th Tana High level Forum on Security in Africa

The 5th Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, also known as the “Tana Forum”, took place on 16-17 April 2016, in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, on the theme: Africa in the Global Security Agenda. It is gratifying that in less than half a decade, the Ta…

Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constitut…

Inequality of Opportunity in Child Health in Ethiopia

Early childhood development such as child health and nutrition is shown to affect success and wellbeing later in adulthood. While child health and nutrition are influenced by among others, parental inputs and access to public services, the latter ar…

Contribution of Early-Age Circumstances to Inequalities in Educational Achievement: A Within and Across Age Cohorts Comparative Study for Ethiopia

The academic evaluation system that focuses on rewarding students with high achievements and penalizing the low achievers by only looking at their test scores is misleading and unjust. First, inequality due to predetermined child circumstances sho…

"Being and Becoming a Peacebuilder": Insights from 20,000 Hours of Youth-Led Dialogues in the Horn of Africa

“Being and Becoming a Peacebuilder” puts forward key insights and resultant recommendations inspired from an analysis of a conflict transformation methodology, called Sustained Dialogue. The Life & Peace Institute has been implementing Sustained Dia…

Agriculture to Nutrition (ANTONU): Evaluation of Integrated Agriculture and Nutrition-Sensitive Interventions for the African Chicken Genetic Gains (ACGG) Program in Ethiopia - Baseline Data

This project aims to develop, implement, and evaluate nutrition-sensitive interventions within the context of existing smallholder farming households with the goal of improving the nutritional status of women of reproductive age and young childre…

Horn Of Africa Bulletin September-October 2014

The first article "The spillover effect of South Sudan in Gambella" describes the conflict between the Nuer and Anuak in the Gambella region and the implications for South Sudan. "Reasons for radicalization" is a summary of a report by Dr Anneli Bot…

South Africa and Secondary Powers: Contestation in Sub-Saharan Africa

The second most powerful states in regional hierarchies – or secondary powers – can be expected to contest against hegemons. Angola and Nigeria, and to a lesser extent Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, can be considered secondary powers in sub-Saharan Afri…

Exploring Collaboration between MDBs and National Entities on Environmental and Social Safeguards: The Case of South Africa and Ethiopia

This paper explores the way in which various actors cooperate in effectively implementing environmental and social safeguards measures on infrastructure projects financed by multilateral development banks (MDBs). It first sets the policy context, wh…

Economy-wide Impacts of Technological Change in Food Staples in Ethiopia: A Macro-micro Approach

This paper assesses the potential impacts from the introduction of high yielding and drought tolerant varieties of major food staples (wheat and maize) in Ethiopia. We develop a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model with a micro-simulation …

Promoting Green Urban Industrialization in Ethiopia

African economies are looking to achieve high levels of economic growth in the next few decades, predominantly in growing urban centres. By 2035, roughly half of Africa’s population will live in its rapidly expanding cities. This transition present…

Enhancing the Development of the Private Sector For Inclusive Growth and Job Creation in the IGAD

The IGAD region has tremendous untapped potential, including abundant agricultural and livestock resources, considerable mineral, hydrocarbon and water resources, unique tourism assets, and a long coastline lying along the busiest shipping lanes i…

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