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Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Ethiopia And Eritria: Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hosti...

Ethiopia and Eritrea: War or Peace?

The next few weeks will go far to determining whether Ethiopia and Eritrea resume a path toward war – which took some 100,000 lives between 1998 and 2000 – or solidify their peace agreement. Ethiopia must decide whether to allow demarcation of the...

Ethiopia and Eritrea- Preventing War

The fragile peace maintained by Ethiopia and Eritrea since they signed a comprehensive agreement at Algiers in December 2000 is fraying dangerously. With a costly two-year war now followed by nearly five years of stalemate, patience on both sides ...

Ethiopia And Eritria Stopping The Slide To War

The risk that Ethiopia and Eritrea will resume their war in the next several weeks is very real. A military buildup along the common border over the past few months has reached alarming proportions. There will be no easy military solution if hosti...

Ethiopia: Ethnic Federalism and its Discontents

Excerpt: "The Ethiopian Peoples’ Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF), led by its chairman and prime minister, Meles Zenawi, has radically reformed Ethiopia’s political system. The regime transformed the hitherto centralized state into the Fed...

Beyond the Fragile Peace between Ethiopia and Eritrea: Averting New War

Excerpt: "The Ethiopia-Eritrea impasse carries serious risk of a new war and is a major source of instability in the Horn of Africa, most critically for Somalia. Following Ethiopia’s refusal to accept virtual demarcation of the border by the now d...

Building on Progress? Chinese Engagement in Ethiopia1

"A majority of the growing literature on Sino–African relations focus on China’s relations with resource-rich/economically robust countries or unsavoury regimes. Limited attention has been paid to the rest of Africa’s states, but it is in these ‘l...

Eritrea: The Siege State

"Eritrea has been deeply troubled since independence in 1991. Following the devastating war with Ethiopia (1998- 2000), an authoritarian, militarised regime has further tightened political space, tolerating neither opposition nor dissent. Relati...

The end of the Eritrean exeption?

"The report examines Eritrea's colonial history, its struggle for independence, its complex relations with the former Tigray rebels who now control the Ethiopian government, the years from independence to the start of war in 1998, and Eritrea's ec...

The horn of Africa - old problems and new opportunities

"This Paper attempts to explain the historical, political and economic framework within which the states operate in the Horn of Africa, to identify Superpower involvement there and to shed some light on the region's refugee and other problems. It...

Local democracy and human security in Ethiopia: structural reasons for the failure of democratisation

"This report builds on the evidence and findings of our book and provides several examples of how elections were manipulated at a local level. It concludes that these examples are not insulated events. They are part of a political structure that ...

The Ogaden Region: A Fragile Path To Peace

"The Ogaden region in the Southeast of Ethiopia has been at the centre of an ongoing dispute between the Ethiopian government and rebels of the Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF). Since 1984, the ONLF, an ethnic Somali rebel movement, has wag...

Conflict in the Horn of Africa: Background and outlook

This Brief Report describes the conflict in the Horn of Africa, which serves as a communications route to the Indian Ocean, Africa and the Middle East. The report describes the situation in Ethiopia, which has historically dominated the region and...

Ethnic Conflict in the Horn of Africa

"This paper looks at the formation of ethnicity and ethnic conflict in the Horn of Africa with particular attention to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Firstly, conflict in the Horn of Africa at large is mapped out. Ethnic and political ...

Quantifying the Road Influence Zone on Socio-economic Development in Rural Tigray, Ethiopia

Rural roads are very important for economic development, especially in rural areas. Empirical studies confirmed that rural roads provide safe and efficient human mobility, enhance access to markets for inputs such as fertilizers and improved seeds...

Fleeing Terror, Fighting Terror: The Truth about Refugees and Violent Extremism

Refugees are increasingly subjected to harsh policies that violate the spirit of refugee laws, and that are often justified by claiming the refugees pose security risks. This study examines the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and...

A Climate for Solar Power: Solutions for Ethiopia’s Energy Poverty

Solar energy is playing an important role in Ethiopia’s rural electrification by providing off-grid energy to households and enterprises across the country. Under the country’s Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II), the Government of Ethiopia h...

Aligning Energy Development and Climate Objectives in Nationally Determined Contributions

The study objective was to review examples of what might be called good practice in the way energy related greenhouse gas emissions have been addressed by NDCs, and examples of NDCs that appear to be at odds with the ambition to reduce such energy...

Subnational Value Added Tax in Ethiopia and Implications for States’ Fiscal Capacity

This report recognises the fact that unwinding the current separation of tax administration powers would be difficult to achieve in the current political climate. It suggests a process of gradual reform, commencing with better coordination, standa...

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