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The Role of Fiscal Decentralization in Promoting Participatory Development in Ethiopia

"Decentralization is used to denote the transfer of responsibility from central government bodies and its agencies to field units of the central government, and semi-autonomous private or voluntary organizations. This definition is obviously too bro…

Fiscal Decentralization : Experiences of Selected Countries

"The objective of this paper is therefore to investigate the experiences of three selected countries - the United States of America, Brazil and Russia - and draw appropriate lessons for Ethiopia. The rationale for selecting these countries is strai…

The Conceptual Framework for Fiscal Decentralization

"Decentralization in its broad sense refers to the division of political, economic and administrative power/responsibility between the centre and subnational levels of government. The degree of responsibility that is transferred by the center may v…

The Legal Framework for Fiscal Decentralization in Ethiopia During the Transition Period

"The political and fiscal model of the TGE is not unfamiliar in the long history of the country. It is more of a relapse into the customary and traditional mode of governance of bygone days. For the major part of the nation's history, the system of…

Issues of Vertical Imbalance in Ethiopia's Emerging System of Fiscal Decentralization

"The major purpose of this paper is to examine the extent to which the problem of vertical imbalance arises in the Ethiopian context and to critically assess existing arrangements for resolving it. Since the country is just beginning to experiment …

History of the Post-War Ethiopian Fiscal System

"The history of raising government revenue during the post-1941 period goes back to March 1942, to the promulgation of Proclamation 8 of 1942'. In the first paragraph of the preamble of that proclamation, the Emperor stated that "in order to accompl…

Fiscal Decentralization and Macroeconomic Management in Ethiopia

"This paper attempts to evaluate the recent moves to decentralize fiscal powers to the regions to see to what extent they can affect the conditions for macroeconomic management in the country, given the ongoing economic reform programme that emphas…

The Conceptual Framework for Fiscal Decentralization

"Decentralization in its broad sense refers to the division of political, economic and administrative power/responsibility between the centre and subnational levels of government. The degree of responsibility that is transferred by the center may v…

The Macroeconomic Policy Environment and Public Enterprise Reform in Ethiopia

"Macroeconomic stabilization and structural adjustment measures have been taken since October 1992 involving an exchange route adjustment and new fiscal and monetary policies as major components. The new investment, labor and public enterprise laws …

African Journal on Conflict Resolution vol. 13, no. 2, 2013

The first article “Conflict and conflict resolution in Africa: Engaging the colonial factor” seeks to understand the ineffectiveness of efforts at conflict management in overcoming the disasters that brought the conflicts to the African continent. “…

Cross-Border Trade and Food Security in the Ethiopia-Djibouti and Ethiopia-Somalia Borderlands

"Trade between countries in the Horn of Africa is largely unofficial and unrecorded. The recent recorded data show that Ethiopia's trade with its neighboring countries is very little and is limited to some manufactured imports from Kenya and vegeta…

The Subsistence Crisis in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"We begin in Chapter 1 by a glimpse of the facts and realities of poverty in Ethiopia today in order that the scale and depth of the problem can be better appreciated. This is followed in Chapter 2 by an explanation of the nature of the rural produ…

The Gender Division of Labour in Ethiopian Agriculture: A Study of Time Allocation among People in Private and Co-operative Farms in Two Villages

"In this study, different but complementary approaches were employed to investigate three types of variations (inter-regional, intra-household, and inter-farm organization) in the household time allocation and access to resources with a view to mak…

Land for Agricultural Development in the Era of 'Land Grabbing': A Spatial Exploration of the 'Marginal Lands' Narrative in Contemporary Ethiopia

"In response to concerns over the potential of land leases for new agricultural projects to displace rural populations and impact food security, the Ethiopian government asserts that only ‘marginal’, ‘barren’ or ‘wasteland’ is being leased to invest…

AGC-PAC Field Report: Technical Intervention Assessment PAC ASM Gold Project (PPA)

"The Artisanal Gold Council (AGC) was contracted by PAC to help with their gold project in the DRC with the aim of helping create incentives for artisanal miners to produce gold responsibly and to sell it through a legal transparent supply chain ul…

Reviewing Africa’s Peer Review Mechanism: A Seven Country Survey

"The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) was launched in 2003 as one of the pillars of NEPAD. More than half of Africa’s countries (with three-quarters of its population) have joined the APRM. Of these, at least half have set about the process of s…

Pastoralism and Development in Ethiopia

"In summary there will be a major change in the livelihood components of pastoralists in Ethiopia in 2020. We will see a pastoral system whereby natural capital are more conserved and protected, physical capital more developed, financial and econom…

Links Between Tenure Security and Food Security Evidence from Ethiopia

"While numerous studies exist that evaluate the impacts of land reform on household investment behavior, land productivity, and land rental market activities, the literature is thin in terms of showing the direct food securities impacts of land tenu…

Urbanization for National Development in Ethiopia

"In the preceding pages, we started our discussion with a description of the role and characteristics of urban centers, explored the status and conditions of our cities, and projected our vision of what they would be like in 2020, suggesting along t…

Entrepreneurship and Development in Ethiopia

"Entrepreneurship is a process. It is a continuous process which is related to the development and continuity of business. Other tasks or responsibilities are accomplished by people who are accountable and responsible. But tasks that are done under…

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