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Paradigms, Processes and Practicalities of Land Reform in Post-conflict Sub-Saharan Africa

"This chapter will examine the paradigms and processes involved in drafting or reforming land policies and laws in two very different African countries: Eritrea and Zimbabwe. Whereas Rwanda, Burundi and some parts of north-eastern DRC have very hig…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 27 No.5 September-October 2015

1.The article by Nimo-ilhan Ali: The quest to become a “Qurbajoog” focuses on a very different aspect of the perceived effect of Diaspora success and the paradoxical impact it has, in generating even more migration by Somaliland youth desperate to …

Africa Mediators’ Retreat 2013

"This meeting report provides a summary of the discussions and highlights the issues which emerged during the retreat. The fourth Africa Mediators’ Retreat, which brings together experienced peacemaking actors to discuss conflict-related issues rele…

Who will “tear down” the Wall of Hostility between Ethiopia and Eritrea?

The most recent kidnapping events of Ethiopian citizens by Eritrean forces, and an Ethiopian military containment as a reprisal to its action, reflect foreign policy actions of the two countries in recent years. These have largely been limited to re…

Climate Change and Pastoralism: Traditional Coping Mechanisms and Conflict in the Horn of Africa

The adverse impacts of climate change are predicted to severely constrain the lives and livelihoods of Africans. Pastoralists are among the most vulnerable population groups. Considering the fact that the Horn of Africa has a large concentration …

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 28 No.1 January-February 2016

In ‘Countering violent extremism: Challenges in policy and practice’ the Horn of Africa has witnessed its share of attacks by movements designated as terrorists. The rising incidence of these attacks, the endurance of the Al Shabaab in Somalia and t…

Horn of Africa Bulletin Vol 25 No.1 January-February 2013

‘The situation in the East and Horn of Africa sub-region continues to be deplorable basically because of the absence of environmental security-related infrastructure and/or the required level of awareness. Countries in the sub-region are vulnerable …

Civil Society and Regional Peacebuilding in the Horn of Africa: A review of present engagement and future opportunities

"Over several decades, the Horn of Africa has been recognised as a complex system of conflicts, where the conflicts in the region are interlinked and trans-boundary in nature. In the field of peacebuilding, there is a growing realization that peaceb…

Civilian Peacekeeping: Preventing Violence and Making Space for Democracy

"This book serves as a guide to unarmed civilian peace teams, also known as civilian peacekeeping. It explains the theory and practice of these civilian peacekeeping teams and can be used as a guide for planning complex peacebuilding missions. The b…

Fostering Interaction of People of Ethiopian Eritrean Divide

This document informs about a half-day conference, during which six presentations were discussed and the presenters were from both Ethiopia and Eritrean sides. About 100 participants attended the conference and they represented Eritrean refugees in …

Economic Growth in the Horn of Africa: Identifying Principal Drivers and Determinants

"The Horn of Africa countries had poor economic growth for many decades before the 2000’s. Various studies were conducted to uncover the factors responsible for the poor economic performance and divergence from the developing regions. Opinions varie…

Post Drought Recovery Strategies Among the Pastoral Households in the Horn of Africa : A Review

"Due to the interrelationships between the various phases of drought, the review generally deals with the whole inter-drought cycle, but has put much emphasis on the post-drought period. Regarding the drought period and subsequent responses, the rev…

The Ethiopia-Eritrea dispute

"The failure of Ethiopia and Eritrea to settle their differences is a serious setback to regional stability and the African renaissance. Nationalist calls on both sides make a lasting peace settlement unlikely. A return to heavy fighting will not …

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2006

"This issue of Conflict Trends surveys the current PCR developments in Africa, highlights the challenges that are encountered during PCR and presents case studies of best practices and lessons learned. A significant lesson from South Africa very cl…

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 15, no. 2, 1991

In this issue, Smuts House Notes look at how South Africans are trying to identify with Africa because of the long years of isolation. The first article by Weiland addresses democracy issues in Africa. Simpson's article on dissident sub-nationalism …

Princes’ Progress Reconstruction and Authority in Eritrea and Rwanda

"Eritrea and Rwanda are among Africa’s smallest and poorest states. Substantial military resources, and expertise, have enabled both countries to exert dispropor-tionate influence over regional security. Aggression and authoritarianism have not pro…

SUN: A Global Movement to Accelerate Progress in Reducing Maternal and Child Undernutrition

"As the 2015 deadline for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)approaches, the poor countries of the world have already made considerable progress toward reducing maternal and child undernutrition. From 1990 to 2008, the prevalence of stu…

Post-Referendum Security Scenarios for South Sudan

"The 9th of January 2011 will be a momentous day for all southern Sudanese people. After 22 years of civil conflict between north and south Sudan the country will hold a referendum on the right of south Sudan to secede and form an independent state.…

Changing Paradigm in Somalia

"Over the last eight years,the international community, whether intentionally or not,has addressed the Somali crisis principally through a counter-terrorist approach. For a number of reasons alluded to in this text, such an attempt to provide a set…

Ethiopia and Eritrea in Turmoil: Implications for Peace and Security in a Troubled Region

"Whatever the logic of the positions it has taken, the international community has been weak and ineffective in its efforts to resolve the crisis along the Ethiopian and Eritrean border. A dangerous precedent was set when the international communi…

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