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Egypt's Constitutional Test: Averting the March toward Islamic Fundamentalism

After gaining overwhelming support in a March 2007 national referendum, long-time Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak introduced new constitutional amendments that effectively give more power to the president and loosen controls on security forces. M...

The G20 and the Restructuring of the International Economic Order: An Egypt Perspective

More than 50 years ago, the world community set about devising the institutional building blocks of an orderly social and economic world, largely in response to crises and problems of the first half of the twentieth century which had witnessed two...

A World Agreement on Oil?

This paper addresses ways to cope with potential instability in the world oil market, with a view to whether action by the L20 can do anything about it. It is often said that the major geographical source of oil, the "Middle East," is a highly tur...

The Challenge of Political Reform: Egypt After the Iraq War

This briefing is one of a series of occasional ICG briefing papers and reports that will address the issue of political reform in the Middle East and North Africa. The absence of a credible political life in most parts of the region, while not nec...

Reforming Egypt - In Search of A Strategy

Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, a response to U.S. pressure, was a false start for reform. Formal pluralism has never seriously limited the dominance of President Mubarak's National Democratic Party (NDP); extension to the pre...

Egypt's Muslim Brothers: Confrontation or Integration?

Excerpt: "The Society of Muslim Brothers’ success in the November-December 2005 elections for the People’s Assembly sent shockwaves through Egypt’s political system. In response, the regime cracked down on the movement, harassed other potential ri...

From the Cape to Cairo? The Potential of the Tripartite Free Trade Area

"This paper shows that there is a sound case for regional economic integration in the form of the Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA). The three main countries involved in this project – Egypt, Kenya and South Africa – have a considerable regional ...

2015 Nutrition Country Profile: Egypt

The individual country profile for Egypt captures the status and progress of this UN Member State, and the 80+ indicators include a wealth of information on child, adolescent and adult anthropometry and nutritional status, in addition to intervent...

Imbalance in Water Allocation Stability and Collaboration within the Nile Basin

The Nile Basin is 3.35 million sq. kms. The principal occupation of the people in the Nile Basin isagriculture. Pastoralism is a supplementary activity for both upper and lower basin countries. The upper riparians, namely, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda,...

The Nile From Mistrust and Sabre Rattling to Rapprochement

"The purpose of this paper is to examine the implications of the recent unprecedented dynamism in the hydropolitics of the Nile Basin for future basin-wide conflict prevention, resolution, management and cooperation. To this end, the paper first d...

Lost in Transition: The World According to Egypt’s SCAF

"As this report goes to press, the political situation is experiencing dizzying developments – from the collapse of the process designed to draft a new constitution, to the apparent disquali-fication of three of the most significant presidential c...

Egypt The People's Assembly and Shura Council Elections November 2011 - February 2012

"The elections covered in this report are the first post 'Arab Spring' parliamentary elections in Egypt. The 25 January 2011 'day of rage' protests in Egypt started with young people mobilising to demand the freedom to express their political righ...

After Mubarak The Politics of Modern Military Pharaohs

"In recent weeks Egypt has seen perhaps the greatest destabilisation of its political, economic, and social order since the end of the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1952. The ouster of President Hosni Mubarak came after an eighteen-day public protest in...

Projected Farm Income Gains in the COMESA/ASARECA Region from Commercialization of BT Cotton

The overall objective of this report is to generate information on genetically modified cotton crops, with regard to biotechnology, biosafety policy, choices and options. This brief also examines constraints posed by the bollworm in the production...

Power and Influence in Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa

The next 25 years of the changing power capabilities of Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Nigeria and South Africa (the ‘Big Five’) are being explored in this paper. Of these countries, Ethiopia and Nigeria are forecast to increase their power capabilitie...

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2015

‘Egypt in the Aftermath of the Arab Spring: What Lies Ahead?’ highlights some of the main security, economic and foreign policy challenges facing the Al-Sisi government. ‘The Democratic Transition in Tunisia: A Success Story in the Making’, portr...

Yémen, la Dangereuse Escalade / Yemen, Dangerous Escalation

By reacting supportive to an intervention request from the elected President Mansour Hadi of Yemen, an Arab military coalition led by Saudi Arabia and which comprised nine Arab countries, including Egypt and Morocco - directed air strikes against ...

Projected Farm Income Gains in the COMESA/ASARECA Region from Commercialization of BT Maize

"How much income might farmers gain if Bt maize were released for commercial planting in the COMESA/ASARECA region? Bt maize gives farmers a more effective and less costly way to control damage from certain categories of insects, including the sta...

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2013

In ‘The Other Side of Drones: Saving Wildlife in Africa and Managing Global Crime’ the negative consequences of poaching are felt in Africa and around the world, governments and law enforcement may have a way to counter this threat: the use of una...

International Peacekeeping by the United Nations: Some Main Issues and Problems Revisited

"The maintenance of peace has become the central problem and the overriding preoccupation of nation states, international law and international organization. The globalization of efforts aimed at peace maintenance and promotion has been achieved t...

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