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South Africa’s Peacekeeping Role in Burundi: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions

"The objective of this study is to provide an analysis of South Africa’s role in peacekeeping in Burundi and to identify the opportunities and challenges that confronted South Africa’s peacekeeping mission. The Department of Defense (DoD) in its ow…

Women Transforming Conflicts in Africa: Descriptive Studies from Burundi, Côte d’Ivoire, Sierra Leone, South Africa and Sudan

"There is evidence of successful efforts to constructively respond to conflict and to undertake transformation, reconstruction and reconciliation in Africa. The inclusion of women as a strategic constituency is central to sustaining and consolidatin…

Natural resources, the environment and conflict

"This report focus on Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Sudan. The study solicited views and perspectives on the role that natural resources and the environment can play in complex conflict situations. This report observed fi…

Mediating peace in Africa: Securing conflict prevention : Strengthening the mediation and conflict prevention aspects of the African peace and security architecture

"Africa is entering a new era of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. The formulation of the AU in 2002 and the Peace and Security Council (PSC) in 2004 firmly established institutions dedicated to the promotion of peace, security and stability in…

Exchange Rate Policy and the Parallel Market for Foreign Currency in Burundi

"This paper looks at the functioning of the parallel market and discusses macroeconomic policies in the country to shed light on the context within which the market evolved. Analysis of time series properties of the variables used in an empirical mo…

Explaining Growth in Burundi : 1960-2000

"The study comprises four substantive sections. The first section presents a general picture of macroeconomic and sectoral performance of the economy. The aim is to define the time pattern of growth in Burundi, by dividing the sample period into thr…

The AU and the search for Peace and Reconciliation in Burundi and Comoros

"This report highlights the AU’s role in deploying and supporting these mechanisms. At the beginning of both efforts, the OAU/AU faced tremendous difficulties in implementing its policy due to its administrative and logistical weaknesses. However, a…

Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi : A Documentation and Analysis Project

"Part I of this report highlights the multiple challenges that Burundi experiences in terms of the repatriation and reintegration of refugees, as well as reconciliation between different societal groups. It underlines the importance of land tenure f…

Conflict Trends Issue 1 2009

This issue comprises several articles entitled as follows: 1)Resolving Land Disputes in Burundi 2)Effectively Confronting a Regional Threat: Somali Piracy 3)The Challenges of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Africa 4)Explaining the December 2008 Mili…

Conflict Trends Issue 4 2005

This issue comprises several articles which are as follows: 1)From Peacekeeping to Peace Operations 2)The Civilian Dimensions of the African Standy-by Force System 3) Sexual Abuse and Exploitation: Power Tools in Peacekeeping Missions 4)Towards a C…

Conflict Trends Issue 2 2005

"The major questions that arise from the broad conclusions drawn are the following. How sustainable and durable are the various peace agreements and elected governments? Will the Great Lakes region be able to harness its huge potential to unlock gro…

Burundi Missed Opportunities for South African Post-conflict Development and Peacebuilding?

"This policy brief analyses South Africa’s post-conflict development and peacebuilding engagements in Burundi and identifies lessons that could inform the policy and programming development of the envisaged South African Development Partnership Agen…

La Contribution des Institutions de Micro Finance au Financement des Petites et Moyennes Entreprises et l’Autonomisation des Femmes au Burundi / Contribution of Micro Finance Institutions in Financing Small and Medium Enterprises and the Empowerment of Wo

"The project proves to be innovative and could inspire the reflections on micro finance and the 'vulnerable groups'. Its overall objective is the analysis of the impact of services of MFIs on SMEs and the empowerment of women. Several specific objec…

"Home at last?" Land Conflicts in Burundi and the Right of Victims to Reparations

"This Policy Brief will assess whether reparations as a form of redress for historical injustice can be utilised to address the grievances of Burundian victims of land expropriation. The Policy Brief begins by describing the legacy of conflict and t…

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent con…

Unravelling the Dynamics of HIV/AIDS Related Stigma and Discrimination : the Role of Community Based Research Case Studies for Nothern Uganda and Burundi

Overcoming HIV/AIDS related stigma and discrimination was highlighted in this research. It remains of the major challenges to be addressed in the development of effective responses. In conclusion, therefore, it could be said that one of the most imp…

Opportunities for Setting Up a TRC in Burundi

"The article briefly assesses the conflict in Burundi after which it delves into the peace and reconciliation process of the 2000 Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement for Burundi. The agreement stipulated the formation of an International Commi…

Burundi: Bye Bye Arusha ?

"This report analyses how the control of the institutions by the ruling party and the boycott of the 2010 elections by the main opposition parties made the power-sharing system defined by the 2000 Arusha agreement irrelevant. This deal was instrumen…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Burundi

"Burundi is a small, landlocked country of which only 36 percent is arable. The country has two rainy seasons, which run from February to May and from September to November, as well as a short rain period for two weeks in January. The malnutrition r…

Conflict Trends Issue 3 2006

"The articles in this edition reflect on the deeprooted seeds of conflict by bringing closer together the void between peacekeeping and peacebuilding, and understanding the importance of human security within the context of state security. The plan…

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