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Local Initiatives in the African Great Lakes Region: Community Voices and Sustainable Development

The research for this study was undertaken in Rwanda, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo during the latter part of 1997, three years after the crisis in Rwanda. The study is not an analysis of the crisis of 1994, despite the fact that ...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

Élections au Burundi - Reconfiguration radicale du paysage politique

Les élections générales au Burundi viennent de conduire à une transformation totale du paysage politique. La victoire remarquable de l'ancienne rébellion du CNDD-FDD à tous les différents scrutins et l'élection de son candidat à la présidentielle,...

Congo At War: A Briefing of the Internal and External Players in the Central African Conflict

On 2 August 1998, barely 14 months after the end of the war initiated by the anti-Mobutu coalition, the emergence of a new armed movement announced the beginning of a further "war of liberation" in the Democratic Republic of Congo, this time again...

Scramble for the Congo - Anatomy of an Ugly War

The Lusaka Ceasefire Agreement, signed eighteen months ago to stop the war in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), has proved hollow. The accord largely froze the armies in their positions, but did not stop the fighting. The mandated United Nat...

The Kivus: The Forgotten Crucible of the Congo Conflict

December 2002 witnessed the signing of a power sharing agreement between Congolese parties under the auspices of the UN Special Envoy, Mustapha Niasse, and South Africa that should lead to finalisation of the Inter-Congolese Dialogue and a transit...

Burundi: Democracy and Peace at Risk

Since the new, democratically elected government came to power in September 2005, the first since 1993, there has been marked deterioration in Burundi’s political climate. Led by the National Council for the Defense of Democracy-Forces for the Def...

Burundi: Finalising Peace with the FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha...

Burundi: Finalising Peace With The FNL

Burundi has made relatively rapid, substantial progress in democracy and easing of inter-ethnic tensions, due to its citizens desire to embrace national unity and compromise, as well as the international community’s heavy involvement in the Arusha...

Burundi: To Integrate the FNL Successfully

Excerpt: "The Burundi peace process has made much progress in recent months. The last rebel group, the Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People – National Forces of Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL), has renounced the use of arms and been registered ...

Burundi : Restarting Political Dialogue

Excerpt: "Despite progress in implementing a peace agreement with the Party for the Liberation of the Hutu People - National Forces of Liberation (Palipehutu-FNL), the last active rebel movement, Burundi is going through a dangerous political cris...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"The first issue of the Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi addressed ongoing reforms within the police and the judiciary, two crucial sectors in the Burundian security sector that figure prominently in both the Arusha Peace and Reconciliati...

Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi

"Few internal or external oversight mechanisms exist in Burundi’s security sector. In focusing on transparency and accountability, this Security Sector Reform Monitor: Burundi highlights the internal oversight mechanisms of the national police and...

Security Sector Reform Monitor Burundi No. 4

"Previous editions of the Security Sector Reform (SSR) Monitor have explored police and justice reform, links between the police and the military, oversight of Burundi’s security sector and corruption in the security and defence forces. This SSR M...

EISA Annual Report 2005

" The executive director stated that: in 2005 EISA opened a short term field office in Burundi to support the electoral process in this central African country which went through more than a decade long civil war. EISA successfully provided techni...

Burundi Conflict Insight

Since gaining independence in 1962, Burundi has experienced several violent conflicts, including a civil war that took place between 1993 and 2005. The common denominator of these conflicts was the politicization of divisions between the Hutu and ...

Helping the Burundian People Cope with the Economic Crisis

The crisis triggered in 2015 by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term is ongoing. According to human rights organisation Ligue Iteka, 456 people were killed, 283 tortured and 2,338 subjected to arbitrary detention in 2017,...

Pauvreté monétaire versus non-monétaire au Burundi / Monetary versus non-monetary poverty in Burundi

The overall objective of the study is to analyse the poverty situation in Burundi. For this purpose, three specific objectives are considered: to assess income poverty using an equivalence scale; construct a composite poverty indicator based on th...

Wounded Memories: Perceptions of Past Violence in Burundi and Perspectives for Reconciliation

This report presents the results of a research project conducted in Burundi between October 2017 and May 2018. The aim of the research was to identify violations perpetrated in the context of political and ethnic conflicts and how they affect Buru...

Promoting Peace in the Great Lakes Region: What are the Other Options?

The current political tension between Burundi and Rwanda has not only proven to be a threat to economic activities and human lives. It equally has the greater danger of escalating into a sub-regional crisis in the East African Community (EAC) (he...

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