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Angola: Prospects for peace?

Peace in Angola is of great importance to the whole SADC region. This paper highlights the role Angola has played in the history of Portugal and the implications of Portuguese occupation of Angola. Although a number of peace efforts have taken pl...

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural pract...

South Africa and its neighbours: Co-operation or conflict?

Southern Africa has come under international attention as an unsettled region of the world, attracting the involvement of both superpowers which, far from contributing to a resolution of the regional disputes, has aggravated them. Nevertheless, th...

East Germans in Angola

This brief report deals with three topics: the presence of East German paratroops in Angola, possible reasons for Mr Kaunda’s muted response to Rhodesian raids into Zambia, and the international implications of the upcoming elections in South West...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 36

This Southern Africa Record contains the following texts: South Africa and Swaziland: agreements and discussions on security matters and trade; South Africa and Angola and Namibia: Letters to the UN Security council from South Africa and Angola wi...

Angolan Legislative Elections: Analysing the MPLA’s Triumph

"Despite the cloak of legitimacy provided by reforms to improve the country’s international image, including measures concerning fiscal transparency and the rapid rehabilitation of infrastructure,the control and heavy-handedness with which the Ang...

Beyond ‘Shadow-Boxing’ and ‘Lip Service’ The Enforcement of Arms Embargoes in Africa

"If an Arms Trade Treaty is to be successful, it is important to have a more informed understanding of the strengths and limitations of arms embargoes. This paper, employing a comparative case study approach, therefore seeks to analyse the monitor...

From Soldiers To Citizens The Social, Economic and Political Reintegration of Unita Ex Combatants

"Demilitarisation of conflict and society is crucial to building sustainable peace in countries emerging from the scourge of civil war. As longstanding conflicts come to an end, a variety of approaches are adopted by national governments and inter...

Returning Home to a Normal Life? The Plight of Displaced Angolans

"Amongst all the atrocities of war, one of the most tragic consequences of the 27 year long civil conflict in Angola was that over 4 million of civilians were forced to leave their homelands searching for safe havens elsewhere in the country and b...

Cabinda Notes on a Soon-to-be-Forgotten War

"Although the civil war in mainland Angola formally ended on 4 April 2002,a secessionist conflict with grave humanitarian consequences remained unabated in the oil-rich enclave province of Cabinda for much of 2002. However, reports from Cabinda’s...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 57

The Southern Africa Record contains the following text: Speeches by the president of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, President Fidel Castro from Cuba in Angola relating to the Anniversary of the Cuban Revolution and Hidipo Hamukenya from Swapo on Namibia...

The Angolan Conflict Internal and International aspects

This article describes internal and international aspects of the conflict in Angola. It starts with an overview of the country and its people, and Portugal’s role in its history, then looks at the various nationalist movements – the MPLA, UPA, and...

War, Peace and Diamonds in Angola: Popular Perceptions of the Diamond Industry in the Lundas

"Following the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding by UNITA and the FAA on 4 April 2002, UNITA ceased to exist as a military force, and Angola – with the exception of the Cabinda enclave – was definitively at peace. The arguments around “co...

Memorandum on S. Tomé e Principe

"On 17 April 2003, the FDC organised a protest march in order to voice their opposition to the government. This action was also done to highlight the widespread poverty, corruption within government and misappropriation of oil funds. The FDC also ...

Sustaining the Peace in Angola. An overview of current demobilisation, disarmament and reintegration

"This monograph will therefore identify and explain the various programmes that guide or affect the current DD&R process, as a basis for future research, monitoring and evaluation. The first section gives an idea of the overall context within whic...

Africa's Young Soldiers The Co-option of Childhood

"Section 1 reviews the phenomenon of child soldiers by situating it within a historical and universal context, as well as by examining the changing nature of armed conflicts since the end of the Cold War and the extent to which, this has facilitat...

An Evaluation of the Post Savimbi Peace Process in Angola since February 2002 : The Victor's Peace Treaty

"The war in Angola had culminated in the suspension of political life, the exclusive focus of the economy towards the war effort, and the subordination of the human rights and security of ordinary people. After Savimbi’s untimely death in February...

The Lusaka talks and prospects for Namibian independence

This document gives background to the talks held in Lusaka between 11 and 13 May 1984. Previous talks between Angola, South Africa and the United States on 16 February resulted in the Lusaka Agreement which created the Joint Monitoring Commission,...

Angola: What hope for an end to the war?

This update reports on the war in Angola. The United States government favours a return to the Lusaka Peace process to establish peace in the region . However this is rejected outright by UNITA who argues that Angola can only be rebuild on the bas...

Neither fish nor Fowl(er)? Peace efforts in Angola

Robert Fowler presented the UN Security Council with a 14 point plan designed to strenghten sanctions against the Angolan Rebel movement UNITA. This update explains the current situation in war torn Angola and then describes Fowler's plan for sanc...

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