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The Impact of Climate Change on Human Health: The Case of Schistosomiasis and Implication for Research

This newsletter discusses various issues of differing importance. The first article on page 6 is titled the Impact of Climate change on human health: the case of schistosomiasis. This article discusses several mechanisms by which climate change c...

Decentralization, Governance and Corruption at the Local Level: Evidence from Nigeria

The motivation for this study was to test theoretical debates around decentralisation. On the one hand, some theorists argue that decentralisation should reduce corruption through more accountable and transparent local governance. Others sugges...

Violent Extremism in the Sahel: The Birth of a Third Generation of Terrorism?

Are we witnessing a third generation of jihadism rearing its head in the Sahel? In the wake of the globalised movement of jihad in the 1990s, spearheaded by Afghan jihadists and propelled forward by Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda, another trend has ...

Tax Unrest Among Market Traders: The Local Side of Action Aid´s International Tax Justice Campaign in Nigeria

Tax justice has become a popular concept, and a number of international tax justice campaigns have exposed aspects such as the unfairness of tax havens and harmful tax breaks. Yet, the idea of tax justice at the local level is less well-known. The...

Can ICTs Increase Tax? Experimental Evidence from Ethiopia

The widespread introduction of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and digitalised data management systems is one of the most important developments among African tax administrations in recent years. However, very little evidence is ...

Public Attitudes toward Zimbabwe's 2018 Elections: Downbeat yet Hopeful?

Zimbabweans will go to the polls in presidential, parliamentary, and local government elections on July 30, 2018. These elections are the first test of the popular will since the dramatic military intervention of November 2017 that forced an end...

Do Electoral Systems Affect How Citizens Hold their Government Accountable? Evidence from Africa

This paper asks whether a country’s choice of electoral system affects the methods citizens use to try to hold their government accountable. A large body of literature suggests that electoral system type has an impact on voting behaviour, but li...

Shaping the future: Strategies for Sustainable Development in Kenya

Kenya’s future offers both opportunities and significant challenges. It is a continental leader in information technology and has well-developed health and education systems relative to other lower-middle-income African countries, despite averag...

Practical Pathways to Peace: Lessons from Liberia and South Sudan

Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustai...

West Africa Insight Vol 5 No.1: Secessionist Movement

This journal comprises several articles. The first article on page 4 is titled: Biafran Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: Causes, trajectories, scenarios and the way forward by Prof. Jideofor Adibe discusses the causes of the civil war in the Repu...

Climate Change, Government Management Pose Challenges in Agriculture-dependent Malawi

Agriculture is the mainstay of Malawi’s economy, contributing 30% of gross domestic product (GDP) and employing a majority of the country’s workforce. Malawi has also been classified as one of Southern Africa’s most vulnerable countries to the ef...

Basotho Increasingly Favour Legalizing Dual Citizenship, Unifying with South Africa

Lesotho’s Constitution prohibits Lesotho citizens from holding the citizenship of any other country. Basotho who want to become citizens of another country must renounce their Lesotho citizenship, giving up certain rights and benefits to which Les...

South Africans’ Views on Land Reform: Evidence from the South African Reconciliation Barometer

This paper has broadly explored four important aspects of land reform in South Africa, with a view to informing the present land debate with public opinion data from the SARB surveys. Firstly, by providing a historical overview of land and proper...

What Explains the Recent Calls for Reinstatement of a Tax Considered Unpopular? An Analysis of Graduated Tax in Uganda

Successful decentralization relies heavily on the ability of sub national government to generate its own revenue. In many African countries, sub national government is authorized to collect a variety of taxes and user fees including trade licens...

Food Trade Policy and the Dietary Transition

The irony facing many developing countries today is that increased food trade and the implications of globalization has created a situation where certain segments of the population are simply put, eating too much, while just in their proximity lie...

Frontière Niger-Mali: Mettre l’outil Militaire au Service d’une Approche Politique / The Niger-Mali Border: Subordinating Military Action to a Political Strategy

Clashes along the Niger-Mali border have claimed dozens of lives over the past few months. For years, the circulation of weapons and increasing inter communal tensions have contributed to the region’s mounting insecurity. Since Mali’s 2012 crisis,...

Bottom-up Climate Legislation in Cameroon: Suggestions for a General Approach to Develop Legislative Interventions on Climate change through Public Consultations

This report summarizes the consultation process, outcomes and possible next steps. It does not offer generally applicable findings for Cameroon but presents a general approach that - with the necessary resources and time - could be employed to org...

Winning the War, and not just the Battle: Masterplan for Ending the Boko Haram Insurgency in the North East

This Briefing note recommends a multi-sectoral approach to ending the Boko Haram insurgency and recognises the several issues driving the insurgency. While amnesty and peace negotiations remain divisive and controversial issues in relation to re...

Buharimeter: PMB Performance Report

Nigeria's experience of corruption is unarguably troubling and continues to be a blight on the country's record toward economic, social and political progress. Despite natural resource wealth, Nigeria consistently under performs on the Human Deve...

Who is the King Maker in Nigeria: The Voter or the Godfather? Briefing Note On Voter Education and the 2015 Elections in Nigeria

This briefing note discusses the current trends and possible scenarios in the lead up to the 2015 general elections and emphasizes the need for improved voter education. It further highlights challenges voter education faces and offers recommendat...

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