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Preventing Extremism in West and Central Africa: Lessons from Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Mali, Niger and Nigeria

Efforts to prevent and counter violent extremism have emerged rapidly onto the global stage and attracted substantial financial investment. This study investigated selected projects to understand their objectives, target groups, activities, theo...

The Retention of Highly Skilled Returnees in Mozambique: An Institutional Approach

This research demonstrated that institutions do not operate isolated from other contextual factors for the political, economic and social development of an African state. But this research also demonstrated that (i) new policies and institutions...

Climate Smart Agriculture in Malawi

The effects of climate change on agriculture are severe, and one of the most significant emerging challenges to household livelihoods in Africa. As such, it is imperative that efforts to address agriculture in the context of food security and rura...

Structural Pressures and Political Instability: Trajectories for Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub-Saharan Africa faces many structural pressures that increase the risk of political instability and violent conflict. Understanding the nature and trajectories of structural pressures is key for conflict prevention, development and peace buil...

Using Social Media for Long-haul Activism: Lessons from the BBOG Movement in Nigeria

The Bring Back our Girls (BBOG) is a women-led, spontaneous movement that erupted in Nigeria following the abduction of over 200 schoolgirls by Boko Haram terrorists in 2014. It soon gained widespread presence on the streets but even more online....

Illicit Financial Flows in Kenya: Mapping of the Literature and Synthesis of the Evidence

I llicit Financial Flows (IFFs) are a persistent challenge in developing countries, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). IFFs account for huge sums of money transferred out of SSA countries illegally, stripping these countries of resources...

Towards an Instrument for the Portability of Social Security Benefits in the Southern African Development Community

The right to social security is a fundamental human right guaranteed to all persons. However, non-citizens are not always granted access to social security because of discriminatory provisions in national social security laws and the ‘nationality ...

Costs of Civil War and Fragile States

Civil conflicts are an important concern for development, yet it is only relatively recently that economists have developed a substantive body of research on them and the research that exists is mainly on the determinants of conflict. This paper p...

'I Fought the Law, and the Law won': Community Policing in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia

This paper examines the introduction of community policing in Dire Dawa, Ethiopia, and the relationships in the district between formal policing structures and non-state security actors. It draws on fieldwork (spring, 2017) to show that these rela...

BRICS-Africa Cooperation: Achievements and Opportunities

Promoting African development priorities is at the core of South Africa’s engagement in global forums, including in the BRICS. This briefing discusses two key African priorities within the BRICS: industrialisation and infrastructure financing. It ...

BRICS, Africa and Global Economic Governance: Achievements and the Future

This paper explores both the efforts of the BRICS in advancing reforms in international financial institutions (IFIs), considering specifically how coherent and united the grouping has been in these efforts and the extent to which each member of t...

Gender Equality in Tanzania: Uproar and Perceived Progress

Gender makes headlines in Tanzania, as when the president attacks birth control and endorses kicking pregnant girls out of school or when fake fingernails and eyelashes are banned from Parliament. Less uproar accompanies government action that a...

Tiered or Differentiated Approach to Traditional Knowledge and Traditional Cultural Expressions: The Evolution of a Concept

For nearly two decades, the World Intellectual Property Organization’s (WIPO’s) expert committee, known as the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC), has been working...

Regional Analysis of Youth Demographics: Uganda

This briefing note summarizes a review of literature and policies on youth demographics and implications from our scenario modelling of the short-term and medium-term projections of the youth population in Uganda. Specifically, the briefing note ...

Tax Waivers for Multi-Nationals in Nigeria: Are These Based on Economic or Political Reasoning?

Does Nigeria need tax waivers to grow its economy? As reports show the huge losses in tax incentives Nigeria has recorded over the years, the aforementioned question growingly has been a subject of discussion in the economic space, especially i...

The Nigerian State and the Resurgence of Separatist Agitations: The Case of Biafra

In recent times, separatist movements in the South East geopolitical zone have stepped-up struggles for the actualization of the sovereign state of Biafra through protests and other forms of social mobilization. The protests have triggered tension...

Separatist Agitations in Nigeria: War versus Peace Journalism

The mass media are veritable tools for information dissemination, surveillance and correlation. Conflict reporting is one of the delicate areas of media practice. The type of agenda the media set on a conflict can either fuel or quell the crisis...

Agitations for Separation and Non-Negotiability of Nigeria’s Unity: Bottling the Bomb?

The Nigerian state came into being through conquest and forceful imposition of foreign rule, which denied the indigenous peoples the opportunity to negotiate and choose what they wanted. Successive regimes have continued to hold the state togeth...

Damned if you Dam: Tanzania's Energy Dilemmas

A relatively small proportion of Tanzania’s rural population has access to electricity. Broad-based access to electricity is critical to inclusive, sustainable development. Electrification entails significant positive benefits; its absence portend...

Can the African Continental Free Trade Area Offer a New Beginning for Trade in Africa?

On 21 March 2018, AU leaders met in Rwanda to finalise the signing of a new trade agreement creating the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). The inauguration of the AfCFTA reflects a milestone for future continental unity, regional integ...

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