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Towards a Social Cohesion Index for South Africa using SARB Data

The aim of this paper is to create a measurement for national-level social cohesion in South Africa, by creating an index of variables that provide insight into what it is that holds our society together and conversely, what causes division within...

Are Trade Unions and NGOs Leveraging Social Codes to Improve Working Conditions? A Study of two Locally Developed Codes in the South African Fruit and Wine Farming Sectors

The paper explores one aspect of the food security question, namely the livelihoods of farmworkers, which ultimately speaks to the sustainability of farms and the provision of food. It focuses on the emergence of locally made private social code...

Freedom of Information: Batswana Back Private Communication, Public Accountability

Freedom of information is a critical facet of democratic governance. The right to information is not only essential to the news media in authenticating its reports and reducing the realm of speculation, but it is also a prerequisite for an informe...

The Revitalization of the ARCSS and the Prospects for Peace in South Sudan

This policy paper evaluates the prospects of peace in South Sudan within the context of the recently proposed revitalization process of the 2015 political pact. The paper broadly argues that the revitalization process is important, but it must con...

How Kenya has Implemented and Adjusted to the Changes in International Transfer Pricing Regulations: 1920-2016

This paper analyses Kenya’s experience of trying to deal with transfer pricing, and looks at difficulties facing developing and middle-income countries in the application of transfer pricing rules. It discusses the course Kenya has taken in intro...

Zimbabwe’s Very Peculiar Coup

Zimbabwe’s military has detained the country’s 93-year-old President Robert Mugabe and his wife, Grace Mugabe, and taken control of the streets of the capital and the main television station. The next step – apparently, a legitimate-looking transf...

Standoff in Zimbabwe as Struggle to Succeed Mugabe Deepens

President Robert Mugabe plunged Zimbabwe into political crisis by firing his long-time ally and enforcer Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa on 6 November 2017. In this Q&A prior to an apparent army coup in Mnangagwa’s favour on 14-15 November, Cris...

President Salva Kiir Mayardit's Visit to Khartoum: Goals and Outcomes

President Kiir’s visit to Khartoum, a response to President al-Bashir’s invitation, came at a moment of desperation in South Sudan, and as such, was not optimum in terms of its gains for South Sudan. In view of the agreements the President signed,...

Valetta 2015 to Abidjan 2017: Recent Trends in AU-EU Migration Relations

Ahead of the fifth AU–EU Summit in November 2017, this policy brief identifies changing trends in Africa–EU migration relations under the 2007 Joint Africa– EU Strategy (JAES), the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) and the outcomes from t...

Effect of Elections on Kenya’s Economy

In February 2016, Dr. Mukhisa Kituyi, the Secretary General of United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, was concerned with the effect of the political campaigns on Kenya’s economy. He asked Kenyans to reduce political temperatures in ...

Back to the Future: Legitimising Zimbabwe’s 2018 Elections

This report examines the claim that ZANU-PF’s victory in 2013 was primarily the result of an enlarged support base and considers some of the conditions that informed the 2013 poll. The report is not, however, intended as a comprehensive analysis o...

Conflict Trends Issue 3

The first article is titled: Is There a Link between Democracy and Development in Africa? by Kizito Sikuka. Arguments presented in this article clearly show a strong relationship between democracy and development. However, it may be important to...

Climate Change Progress, the US Withdrawal and What We can Expect From COP23

In light of the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement (PA) in June 2017, continued political momentum and concrete outcomes at upcoming climate change summits are needed to reinforce global commitment to the PA. From 6–17 November 2017 nearly 200...

How Boko Haram Specifically Targets Displaced People

Since 2009, Boko Haram has proven to be a highly adaptable foe, routinely realigning its tactics to suit changing circumstances. In recent years, this has increasingly involved focusing on soft targets, including displaced people (both refugees ...

Comparing Refugees and South Africans in the Urban Informal Sector

This report compares the business operations of over 2,000 South Africans and refugees in the urban informal economy and systematically dispels some of the myths that have grown up around their activities. First, the report takes issue with the pe...

Overlapping Globalizations

Current technological developments in manufacturing are likely to lead to a partial reversal of the wave of fragmentation and global value chains that was at the core of the rise of North-South trade from 1990 onwards. At the same time, China – t...

From Dependency to Partnership: Where are AU-EU Relations Heading

This policy brief considers the prospects of the relationship between the AU and the EU maturing beyond the traditional dependency model. Although great progress has been made since the EU was established and its relationship with predominantly ex...

Migrant Smuggling Paths from the Horn of Africa to Yemen and Saudi Arabia

This report examines the smuggling networks facilitating irregular migration from the Horn of Africa to countries in the Arabian Peninsula, also referred to as the Gulf. In addition to analysing the structure and modus operandi of migrant smuggl...

Living With Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa

This report examines the impact of xenophobic violence on Zimbabweans who are trying to make a living in the South African informal sector and finds that xenophobic violence has several key characteristics that put them at constant risk of losing ...

IPTL, Richmond and “Escrow”: The Price of Private Power Procurement in Tanzania

Framed as an “emergency” supplier to address an energy crisis in 1994-95, Independent Power Tanzania Ltd (IPTL) did not serve the national grid until 2002. It then became a permanent feature of the energy sector for the next 15 years. In the proc...

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