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ACBF Board of Governors Issues Paper: Accessing Funds for Development: Required Capacities for Resource Mobilization and Absorption

African countries are now implementing the Agenda 2063 and Agenda 2030 (also known as Sustainable Development Goals – SDGs), both requiring huge financial resources. Globally, large amounts of investable resources, mostly private, are available in...

Brain Drain in Africa: The case of Tackling Capacity issues in Malawi's Medical Migration

The past decade has seen developing countries losing large numbers of health care professionals to developed countries, including Malawi, one of the Sub-Saharan countries hit hardest by the brain drain of health workers, particularly nurses. In t...

Female Entrepreneurship, Access to Credit, and Firms' Performance in Senegal

Despite an increase in the share of female-owned existing and new start-up firms in Senegal, there is still a wide belief that female entrepreneurs are discriminated against in the credit market. This paper empirically investigates such gender-bas...

An Assessment of New Coal Plants in South Africa’s Electricity Future: The cost, emissions and supply security implications of the coal IPP programme

South Africa’s coal base load independent power producer (IPP) procurement programme was launched in 2014, in line with the new coal capacity envisaged in the 2010 Integrated Resource Plan for Electricity (IRP2010) (DoE, 2011). Since the releas...

An Overview of The South African Labour Market for the Year Ending 2017, Quarter 2

The South African working-age population has grown over the last 12-months, as has the labour force. While the number of jobs in the economy has increased, it was not sufficient to keep pace with the growing labour force and, as a result, unemplo...

South Africa, the SADC Economic Partnership Agreement, and Regional Integration in Southern Africa

Bringing together about 30 government, business, and civil society actors, the July 2018 seminar sought to provide a platform for knowledge-sharing and dialogue on the issues raised by the SADC EPA; and to strengthen participants’ capacity to enga...

What is at Stake for the DRC Presidential Election?

On August 8, 2018, Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), announced that he would not participate as a candidate for the presidency in elections scheduled to take place on December 23, 2018. He picked former interior ...

The Rise of Soya in Zambia and the Integration of Smallholder Farmers

After six decades of policy experimentation, and efforts to promote economic diversification and reduce the country’s overreliance on copper mining, Zambia has failed to fully capitalise on the country’s agricultural potential. Endowed with agric...

Israel's ties with Africa: A Focus on Ethiopia, Kenya, Nigeria and South Africa

Despite close ties in the 1950s and 1960s, an almost complete rupture in relations between Israel and African states occurred around the oil crisis and Yom Kippur War in 1973, over Israel’s captured land and the Palestinian issue. Relations had gr...

Citizen Engagement in Botswana: Beyond Voting, How much Interest in Participation

While Botswana is widely recognized for its unbroken series of successful elections stretching back to independence in 1966, analysts have long pointed to low levels of political participation and a weak civil society as barriers on its path tow...

Support for Democracy Dwindles in Tunisia amid Negative Perceptions of Economic Conditions

In 2010 and 2011, Tunisians launched a wave of protests that led to the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, ending 23 years of iron-fisted rule marked by the repression of public and individual freedoms. Since then, the country has a...

The African State after Internationalism: What will the demise of Liberal Internationalism mean for African States?

Modern African states have usually defined themselves with reference to foreign norms shaped by foreign power, whether economic or military: norms imposed under colonialism and refined in the postcolonial, international-community dispensation. How...

Security and Development in the Horn of Africa: Emerging Powers, and Competing Regionalisms

Emerging powers are becoming centers for varieties of conflict as well as development. With a focus on the complexities of the Horn of Africa, we highlight non-traditional security (NTS) – transnational challenges including ‘fragile states’, terro...

Helping the Burundian People Cope with the Economic Crisis

The crisis triggered in 2015 by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to run for a third term is ongoing. According to human rights organisation Ligue Iteka, 456 people were killed, 283 tortured and 2,338 subjected to arbitrary detention in 2017,...

Violence in Africa: Trends, Drivers and Prospects to 2023

This report analyses prospects for violence in Africa to 2023. It first presents recent conflict trends including slowly declining fatality rates in several countries, noting Africa’s large burden of non-state conflict and the increase in riots a...

Cameroon’s Far North: A New Chapter in the Fight Against Boko Haram

This report is one in a series of Crisis Group publications on the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad basin. It is based on documentary research and some 150 interviews conducted from August 2017 to March 2018 in the Cameroonian capital...

L’intangibilité des Frontières Africaines à l’épreuve des Réalités Contemporaines / The Intangibility of Borders in the Face of Contemporary Realities

Open conflicts besetting Africa find their origin mainly in the struggle for power, the appropriation of natural resources or the issue of borders. After having been overshadowed during the first decades following African independence, thanks to ...

The Global Context: Major Forces Shaping Our World

The main message of this paper is that our world is undergoing a profound transformation in multiple aspects. These, at a minimum, include the following: the degree and manner of our acceptance of or opposition to increased integration as trading...

Rejoining the High Table: South Africa and the UN Security Council

On 8 June 2018, South Africa was elected for the third time as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, for the period 2019 to 2020. The South African government now has the opportunity to develop a strategy that will guide the country...

Abstruse Business Registration Process impeding Youth Entrepreneurship; A Case of Katakwi District

Youth unemployment remains a serious growing and critical policy challenge in Africa and at global level. It is reported that in 2013, youth (aged 15 to 24) in sub-Saharan Africa were twice as likely to be unemployed compared to any other age coho...

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