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International Tourist Arrivals in Africa: Do Issues of Good Governance Matter? - Paper

Political stability, good governance, and an enabling business environment provide the foundation for tourism growth. Promotion of good governance in Africa, it is believed, has the potential to enhance the image and attractiveness of the continent …

Sterilization in Botswana: Cost, Sustainability and Efficiency - Paper

While Botswana has had a good governance record, it has also had its fair share of challenges. This paper investigates why monetary policy in the country failed to contain inflation in the 2000s decade, and explores corresponding concerns over the f…

Recovery in the Manufacturing Sector Improves the Business Climate; but Future Outlook Remains Downcast

The Business Climate Index (BCI) slightly improved from 100.3 in the previous quarter (April-June 2019) to 100.8 in the current quarter (July-September 2019). The slight improvement was largely driven by improvement in business perceptions in the ma…

The Implication of Teenage Pregnancies in Eswatini: A Trend and Spatial Analysis

This study assesses the extent of teenage pregnancy in Eswatini with a focus on public schools in the constituencies and region. In addition, the study examines which regions are affected by teenage pregnancies and adopts a Generalised Ordered Logit…

Fiscal and Public Health Impact of a Change in Tobacco Excise Taxes in Ghana - Paper

This working paper predicts the fiscal and public health outcomes from a change in the excise tax structure for cigarettes in Ghana. More than 5,000 people are killed by diseases caused by tobacco every year in Ghana. Currently the country has a uni…

The Impact of Intergovernmental Transfers on Fiscal Behaviour of Local Governments in Ethiopia

This paper examines the effect of intergovernmental fiscal transfers on the fiscal behaviour of local governments in Ethiopia for the period 2004-2018. The empirical findings suggest that central government grants bolster state-level employment and …

Small-scale Off-grid Energy Systems: Improve Productivity by Increasing Women's Access to Electricity in Rural Nigeria

Less than a quarter of people living in rural areas of Nigeria have access to electricity. Without sufficient electricity access, household and farm productivity is stifled, and migration to urban areas is rife. These circumstances are dire for ever…

L’impact du Covid-19 sur L’économie Sénégalaise: Une Perspective de Genre / The Impact of COVID-19 on the Senegalese Economy: A Gender Perspective

Like other African countries, Senegal has been hit by Covid-19 and has put in place measures to contain the epidemic. These measures impact men and women differently. To capture their effects on women's work, we use a computable general equilibrium …

The Strengths and Weaknesses of Systems of Land Tenure and Land Administration in South Africa and the Implications for Employment Intensive Land Reform

The overall aims of this thematic study are to identify the strengths and weaknesses of existing systems of land tenure and land administration in South Africa, and to explore the implications of these strengths and weaknesses for the promotion of e…

Challenges Facing Women in the Mining, Energy and Construction Sectors of South Africa: Persisting Barriers to Equity in the Workplace

The South African government took deliberate steps to encourage women’s participation in the economy by gazetting a number of progressive policies and legislation to address the challenges faced by women in the workplace. The extent to which these i…

Unpacking Employee Share Ownership Plans (ESOPs)

Globally, the empowerment of historically disadvantaged groups, economically, is not uncommon. As such preferential policies geared towards transformation have been a common feature especially towards advancement of historically disadvantaged groups…

Local Content in Practice: Improving the Participation of South Sudanese in the Petroleum Industry

Local content requirements promote national capacity, employment, economic diversification, and economic growth. Local content develops capacities that link the oil and gas sector to other industries. While over 80% of the oil and gas sector’s workf…

Getting Evidence Quicker: The Development of Rapid Evaluation in Selected African Countries

In a recent research study by Twende Mbele to assess the state of M&E culture in five participating governments, a question regarding the ‘[timeliness of] information provided to decision-makers’ was asked to more than 462 managers. On average 61% o…

Trade Effects of the East African Customs Union in Tanzania: Application of a Structural Gravity Model

By measuring the effects of forming and joining a regional integration bloc using an augmented structural gravity model, this paper finds that the East African Community (EAC) and EAC Customs Union have significantly enhanced Tanzanian trade into EA…

Constraints on the Performance and Competitiveness of Tanzania's Manufacturing

This study sought to examine the main constraints to manufacturing export competitiveness in Tanzania. Using panel data for the period 1997–2018, the study established that supply-side factors dominate demand-side factors in explaining manufacturing…

The Big Governance Issues in Botswana: A Civil Society Submission to the African Peer Review Mechanism

Botswana is praised globally for its prudent economic management, good governance and multi-party democracy. Elections are held every five years, fundamental human rights and freedoms are protected, citizens have access to essential goods and servic…

Towards Sustainable Livelihoods in the Tanzanian Informal Economy: Facilitating Inclusion, Organization, and Rights for Street Vendors

In spite of having some intensive national strategies to address poverty, Tanzania lacks a coherent national strategy to ensure sustainable livelihoods for those working in its informal economy, of which street vending is an important sector. Based …

Tackling South Africa's Infrastructure Deficit: The Role of Development Finance Institutions

Infrastructure development is widely considered to be pivotal to South Africa’s economic recovery plan and growth prospects. Yet infrastructure spending at all levels of government has been declining in recent years in the face of a steady rise in p…

SADC and the Abuja Declaration: Honouring the Pledge

In 2001, the African Union (AU) member states signed the Abuja Declaration, thereby pledging to allocate at least 15% of their national budgets each year to improving their healthcare systems. To this day, fulfilling this pledge has been a struggle …

Regional Integration and Cross-border Mergers and Acquisitions in Africa: 2000 - 2014

In this paper, we examined how regional integration affected cross-border M&A in Africa for the period 2000 to 2014 using a structural gravity model. We found that customs unions in Africa, specifically Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) and the E…

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