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Time for Ethiopia to Bargain with Sidama over Statehood

Leaders of the Sidama people in southern Ethiopia have threatened to unilaterally declare their own regional state within Ethiopia’s federation on 18 July 2019. Each of the country’s ethnic groups is constitutionally entitled to a vote on formin...

How Free is too Free? Across Africa, Media Freedom is on the Defensive

In Africa, as elsewhere, mass media face increasing opportunities and threats. New technologies have made it easier for producers to share content widely and cheaply, resulting in a proliferation and diversification of information sources. And bro...

Mediating in a Complex World

This paper addresses the practice of mediation today from the perspective of the complexity of that world, and the challenge presented to mediators to respond to this complexity in kind. As the UN’s ascendancy over the peacemaking field in the im...

Monitoring Ceasefires is getting Harder: Greater Innovation is Required

This essay proposes three practical possibilities, relevant to consider at both design and negotiation phases of a peace process, and during its implementation, to reshape, complement and strengthen, existing practice. These are: • to apply less...

Tana Papers 2019: Political Dynamics in the Horn of Africa: Nurturing the Emerging Peace Trends

The Institute for Peace and Security Studies (IPSS) of Addis Ababa University (AAU), which serves as the Secretariat of Tana High-Level Forum on Security in Africa, is pleased to present a collection of policy briefs to inform discussions at the 8...

Shaping the Global Agenda to Maximize City Leadership on the SDGs: The Experiences of Vanguard Cities

During a three-day gathering from April 3-6, 2019 at the Bellagio Rockefeller Center, senior government officials from 14 cities worldwide that are in the vanguard of localizing the SDGs, provided their perspectives in sharing a city-specific age...

State of Peace and Security in Africa 2019

There is a sense of déjà vu that 2019 may replay several of the key trends that were predominant in 2018, as subsequent chapters in this Report indicate. For instance, three out of four African citizens now live in countries where governance has i...

Guinea Bissau Conflict Insight

Guinea Bissau is a country located on the coast of West Africa along the Atlantic Ocean. It consists of a mainland on the continent - where the majority of the population lives - and close to 80 archipelagos on the ocean, of which only 20 are habi...

Sierra Leone Conflict Insight

In March 2018, Sierra Leone held a general election to elect a new president, members of parliament, and local councils. It was the fourth cycle of elections since the end of the decade-long civil war (1992-2002) when 70,000 people were killed and...

Fathers' Nutrition Knowledge is Associated with Household's, Women's, and Child's Dietary Diversity in the Agriculture to Nutrition Study in Ethiopia

In an effort to address undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies among women and children in rural areas of developing countries, nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) projects focus on women as a medium to effect positive nutritional outcome...

Brazilian and Moroccan Policies for Sub-Saharan Africa: Description and Elements for Assessment

Since the beginning of the century, Brazil and Morocco have implemented active and diversified strategies for building relationships with the rest of Africa, and more specifically the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa. To a great extent, the motiva...

Improving Nutrition Outcomes through Optimized Agriculture Investments: Gender Strategy

At its most fundamental level, development is the process of engaging communities to improve social, health, economic, and political outcomes and to expand freedoms. Gender equality and women’s empowerment are essential components to the develop...

The Idle Youth Labor Force in Somalia: A Blow to the Country's GDP

The Somali population is young; it is estimated that 70% of the population is under 30 years. If the youth are not engaged in productive enterprises, it will have a contrary lasting impact on socio-economic development of the country for generatio...

Reactivating the African Statistical Association as a Knowledge Sharing Platform for African Statisticians and Statistical Institutions

This issue of Findings and Recommendations presents a synopsis of the results of an in-depth field study by the Knowledge Management Department of the African Capacity Building Foundation (ACBF) on the revival of the defunct African Statistical ...

Impacts Macroeconomiques des Maladies Non Transmissibles Liees au Tabac au Senegal / Macroeconomic Impacts of Non-Communicable Diseases Related to Tobacco in Senegal

Non-communicable diseases, for which tobacco is one of the main risk factors, is the world's leading cause of death. They contributed 68% of the 56 million deaths in 2012. These deaths are much more concentrated in low- and middle-income countrie...

Kingdom of Lesotho: Conflict Insight

The Kingdom of Lesotho is a landlocked country surrounded entirely by South Africa. It has a population of about 2.2 million and a total land area of 30.4 square kilometers. Since gaining independence from British rule in 1966, Lesotho has faced v...

A Scoping Study of Nigeria’s Tobacco Market and Policy Space

This study examined the market structure and recent developments in the tobacco control policy space in Nigeria. Smoking prevalence is growing in Nigeria and this poses significant health, public finance and productivity risks, requiring adequate ...

Nigeria Economic Update Issue 19

In the first article titled: Growth in Crude Oil Production - Statistics are mentioned regarding the domestic oil production output, which increased to 1.82 million barrels per day (mbpd) in the month of April 2019. According to the global oil car...

Efficiency of Food Reserves in Enhancing Food Security in Developing Countries: The Nigerian Experience

As a policy objective, the attainment of food security in Nigeria began facing challenges prior to independence when oil exportation began in 1958. But the challenges became pronounced and persistent after the commencement of large-scale oil exp...

Reforming NNPC Towards Operational Efficiency and Commercial Effectiveness: Precept 6 State-Owned Enterprises

The Nigeria Natural Resource Charter (NNRC) Benchmarking Exercise Report (BER) 2017 assessed the operational activities in the nation’s oil and gas sector between 2015 and 2017 against the Natural Resource Charter. The exercise sought to unveil th...

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