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Atlantic Currents: An Annual Report on Wider Atlantic Perspectives and Patterns: The South in the Time of Turmoil

Len Ishmael initiated the analysis in this edition by examining the consequences of the United States’ increasingly unilateral foreign policy, explaining the reconfiguration of the global power balance into a bipolar system, and revisiting the eme...

Separatism in Africa - A Fundamental Problem -

It is reported in 2017 that the world’s most active armed conflict zones involved disputes related to selfdetermination, with an estimated civilian death-toll of over 20 million, and there were over 60 ongoing selfdetermination conflicts in the wo...

Angolan Futures 2050: Beyond Oil

Quality education and a good standard of living remain out of reach for most Angolans, despite decades of rapid economic growth. The oil price-induced economic downturn beginning in 2014 exacerbated already high levels of severe poverty, particula...

Quantifying the Size and Development of the Shadow Economy in Swaziland

The size of the shadow economy has been declining at a slow rate over the past 16 years in Swaziland. The size of the shadow economy was found to be 37.4 % in 2016. This was equivalent to E20.5 billion of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2016. ...

Socio-economic Impacts of the 2015/16 El Nino Induced Drought in Swaziland

The 2015/16 El Niño drought proved to be the worst drought Swaziland has experienced since 1992. In total nominal monetary terms, the drought cost Swaziland minimally E3.843 billion, representing a 7.01% of Swaziland’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP)...

Budget 2020: A Step Back to Safety. But Just the First

The most sobering fact about the 2020 Budget is that, dramatic and painful as the cuts proposed by Minister Mboweni are, and as risky as is the political calculation that the president is making, debt will still be rising, both in absolute terms...

Lived Poverty on the Rise: Decade of Living-standard Gains Ends in Africa

Economic destitution – whether measured as the frequency with which people go without basic necessities or as the proportion of people who live on less than $1.90 a day – declined steadily in Africa between 2005 and 2015. However, the findings of ...

Boosting Youth Entrepreneurship through Informal Credit in Benin

A lack of public sector employment opportunities in Benin is pushing youth into self-employment. About 35% of youth are self-employed in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and 26% are in non-paid family work, whereas only around 19% are in wage e...

Participants in Non-Farm Activities in Rural Sudan: Patterns and Determinants

Despite the importance of non-farm income in the livelihood of the rural population in Sudan, information available on its size and determinants is scanty. This study examined the patterns and determinants of decisions to participate in non-farm...

Explaining Wellbeing and Inequality in Cameroon: A Regression-base Decomposition

This study sets out to estimate the determinants of household economic wellbeing and to evaluate the relative contributions of regressed-income sources in explaining measured inequality. In particular, a regression-based decomposition approach ...

Twin Deficits Phenomenon in the West African Economic and Monetary Countries: Panel Data Analysis

For a long time, the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries have been experiencing persistently high budget and current deficits. This study was undertaken to empirically test the “Twin Deficits Hypothesis” in these countries...

Political Instability, FDI and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan African Countries: Evidence from Modelling Dynamic Simultaneous Equations

The aim of this study is to examine the consequences of interaction between political instability and foreign direct investment (FDI) on economic growth of 31 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa in order to analyse one of the channels through which ...

The Productivity Cost of Power Outages for Manufacturing Small and Medium Enterprises in Senegal

This paper investigates the productivity effects of power outages on manufacturing Small Scale Enterprises (SMEs) in Senegal, using a panel data on manufacturing firms. Productivity is estimated using stochastic frontier models, and power outages ...

Fear of Political Violence Soars in Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone dropped by 18 places on the Global Peace Index between 2018 and 2019, ranking now at No. 52 out of 163 countries, and is listed among the five sub-Saharan countries recording the worst deterioration due to political and economic insta...

Quantifying the Living Wage in Swaziland: A Case of the Handicraft Sector

This study quantifies a living wage for rural and urban workers in the handicraft sector in Swaziland. It also compares the resultant living wage in between the two geographical areas. The study is interested in ascertaining the living wage in the...

Burkina Faso: Conflict Insight

Considered as a model of stability for at least two decades in a region destabilised by crises (Liberia and Sierra Leone from the late 1980s to the early 2000s, Côte d’Ivoire 2002-2011 and Mali since 2012), Burkina Faso was shaken in 2014 by popul...

Assessment of the Economic Costs of Electrical Power Outages in Swaziland

Electricity access has improved significantly since introduction of the National Energy Policy of 2003. However, challenges in electricity supply still exist due to the frequency of interruptions, which has resulted in harsh penalties and costs to...

Cameroon: Conflict Insight

The purpose of this report is to provide analysis and recommendations to national, regional and continental decision makers in the implementation of peace and security-related instruments. Sitting at the cross roads of West and Central Africa, Cam...

Modelling Improvements to Property Tax Collection: The Case of Addis Ababa

Efforts to reform property tax systems in African cities tend to focus more on how to value properties for purposes of tax assessment than on how to better collect taxes due. The same is true of the literature on property tax reform. There is howe...

The Benefits and Burden of Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in East Africa

China’s trade and economic relationship with East Africa countries brought in much needed aid and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in infrastructure projects which would otherwise be too costly for these developing countries, and contributed to c...

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