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Inflation Dynamics in Zambia

This study assesses the empirical drivers of inflation in Zambia over the period 1994(Q1)-2019(Q4). A single-error correction model is used in which the underlying determinants of both food and non-food components of inflation as well as supply cons…

The Mitigating Impact of Land Tenure Security on Drought-induced Food Insecurity: Evidence from Rural Malawi

This paper investigates the interaction between land tenure security and food security in agriculture-dependent households. We explore household variation in land tenure security and drought shocks across villages to investigate the extent to which …

Effects of Public Expenditure on Economic Growth in the CEMAC Subregion: A Comparative Analysis between the Fragile and Non-Fragile States

Chad, Central African Republic, and Congo have been identified by the African Development Bank as fragile states. Despite their socio-political stability, the other countries of the subregion, which are Cameroon, Gabon, and Equatorial Guinea, are ex…

Heterogeneity of Inter-regional efficiency of Education Public Spending in Fragile State: Evidence from Chad

This study analyses the inter-regional efficiency of education public spending in Chad, which is characterized by a long history of armed conflict. Specifically, we investigate the institutional, political, and security dimensions of fragility influ…

Political Economy Insights for Science System Transformations in Sub-Saharan Africa

Building and strengthening transformative science (and research, technology and innovation, collectively, STI) systems in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is as much a political and economic challenge as it is technical. Current political economy contexts –…

Country Briefs - Assessing STI Metrics in Africa

This report provides an overview of the status of science, technology and innovation (STI) in form of country briefs for 19 FCDO priority countries using a proposed set of core indicators that are comparable (regionally and internationally). The cou…

Assessing Science Technology and Innovation Metrics in Africa

This policy brief highlights insights on how African countries are assessing their Science Technology and Innovation (STI) metrics and recommends an integrated scoreboard for improving the assessment. The brief is based on the ‘Assessing Science and…

Impact of the Local Government Councils' Scorecard Initiative 2019-2021: Strengthening Demand for Effective Public Service Delivery and Accountability

Uganda’s decentralization journey has been a mixture of successes, challenges and reversals. Since 2009. ACODE with support from DGF and other partners has incrementally implemented (starting with 10 and later expanding to 20, 26 and 35 districts) t…

Conflict Trends, Issue 2, 2021

Rethinking South Sudan’s path to democracy, discusses the peace process and the developments in South Sudan to form a democratic state. The crisis of Ethiopian foreign relations: From ‘imperfect hegemon’ to occupied state, covers the state of Ethiop…

Conflict Trends, Issue 1, 2021

Insurgency in Mozambique: The role of the Southern African Development Community is covering the escalating insurgency in Mozambique and the far reaching political, security, humanitarian and cross-border implications. It is in the interests of SADC…

Negotiating Peace in South Sudan: Analyzing Crucial Aspects of the August 28, 2018 Power-sharing Agreement

This policy brief identifies four crucial dimensions to power-sharing agreements and discusses the extent to which the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan (R-ARCSS) agreed upon on August 28, 2018 ac…

The Gender Gap in Smallholder Agricultural Productivity: The Case of Cameroon

Using plot-level data from Cameroon, we document how gender disparity in productivity varies according to how plot headship is defined and distinguished by gender. We account for selectivity bias and obtain direct and indirect drivers of gender disp…

The Negative Impact of Farm Input Subsidies on Women's Agency in Malawi's Matrilocal Settlements

While women constitute a majority of Africa’s agricultural labour force, only a minority of them make decisions about income earned from harvests. Poor command over production capital –including unenforced individual rights over cultivated land and …

Anticipating the Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Health Inequality in South Africa: Early Evidence on Direct and Indirect Influences

We examine the impact of COVID-19 on health and health inequality through both direct and indirect channels, including reviews of previous findings and of new quantitative analyses. This paper documents the early evidence that was available at the e…

Faciliter L’accès au Crédit Agricole pour L’autonomisation des Femmes au Burkina Faso / Facilitating Access to Agricultural Credit for the Empowerment of Women in Burkina Faso

According to PEP researchers' analysis, the most effective option to promote women's access to agricultural credit in Burkina Faso would be to set up a guarantee fund, with a 60% gender quota in favour of women, and a financial education programme -…

Credit Constraints, Agricultural Productivity and Household Welfare in Burkina Faso: A Gender-based Perspective

In this paper, we investigate how different types of credit constraints affect male and female farmers’ household welfare. Because credit constraints are endogenous and their effects are expected to depend on farmers’ characteristics, we specify an …

La Trajectoire de Décarbonisation du Maroc - 3ème Partie: Coûts et Avantages de la Transition Énergétique / Morocco’s Decarbonization Pathway - Part III: The Costs and Benefits of the Energy Transition

Morocco's significant renewable energy resources offer an unprecedented opportunity to anchor the country’s economic and political choices in the energy transition, and to turn the transition into an essential lever for economic development. This is…

Morocco's Decarbonization Pathway - Part III: The Costs and Benefits of the Energy Transition

Morocco's significant renewable energy resources offer an unprecedented opportunity to anchor the country’s economic and political choices in the energy transition, and to turn the transition into an essential lever for economic development. This is…

Security Sector Reform in The Gambia: What is at Stake?

Security sector reforms (SSR) have been implemented in The Gambia since 2017, including in the military, police and intelligence services. Policy frameworks have also been developed. Navigating SSR in The Gambia is a complex task due to the multipli…

Lockdown Lessons: Violence and Policing in a Pandemic

Patterns of violence significantly changed with the introduction of South Africa’s 2020 COVID-19 lockdown. By monitoring murder trends, carrying out interviews and conducting a survey of over 5 000 residents in Cape Town, the Western Cape Government…

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