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"Getting to Denmark" How Societies Build Capable, Democratic and Law-bound States

Professor Fukuyama has a memorable way of referring to the pursuit of a good society. “For people in developing countries”, he observed in 2011, “‘Denmark’ is a mythical place that is known to have good political and economic institutions: it is s...

The UK’s Policy Towards Africa Post-Brexit

On the eve of Britain’s exit from the European Union, the country is redefining its international approach. The United Kingdom has already taken action by becoming involved in new economic commitments, new trade agreements in Commonwealth countrie...

South Africa's Industrial Policy: Time for a Review and a Rethink

Spelt out in a series of annual Industrial Policy Action Plans (IPAP), South Africa’s industrial policy has been in place for over a decade. Instruments have been chosen to support the manufacturing sector in general and certain sectors have been...

Regional Aid Profile Southern Africa 2018

This profile gives an assessment of the trends in Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the Southern African region. It begins by cataloguing the trends in ODA to the Southern Region. In the same context the profile evaluates the average Net ...

Declining Wage Employment along Sugar Value Chain: The Need for Policy Change in Kenya

Although sugar is a key commodity in Kenya supporting over 250,000 small-scale farmers directly and 6 million Kenyans indirectly, the sector faces many challenges that have led to its productivity decline and jobs lost over the last two decades. T...

African Leadership Forum 2018: Financing Africa's Transformation for Sustainable Development 2-3 August 2018, Kigali Rwanda

Despite significant economic progress over the last two decades, African policy makers still face a significant challenge in mobilizing resources to finance development. Government budgets have increased thanks to a number of factors, including d...

Smart Incentives for Mini-Grids through Retail Tariff and Subsidy Design: A Guide for Policymakers

Clean energy mini-grids are receiving increasing attention as a cost-effective means to deliver energy access and achieve climate change commitments. However, the economics of mini-grids in developing countries remains challenging, as mini-grids o...

The Escalating China-US Trade Dispute: Economic and Geopolitical Implications for Sub-Saharan Africa

The trade tensions between the United States and China will cause only minor immediate damage to their giant economies. However, tariffs have important and diverse effects on individual sectors and cause heightened uncertainty. The main adverse ef...

100 Propositions pour un Modèle de Développement National Durable, Juste, Inclusif et Innovant / 100 Proposals for a Sustainable, Inclusive National Development Model

For twenty years, Morocco has made major progress in a number of areas thanks to reforms, large scale construction policies and investment dynamics - the Kingdom has become one of the most successful countries in Africa and in the MENA region. How...

The Climate Crisis, Migration, and Refugees

On March 14, 2019, Tropical Cyclone Idai struck the southeast coast of Mozambique. The U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees reported that 1.85 million people needed assistance. 146,000 people were internally displaced, and Mozambique scrambled to h...

Safe Harbour Regimes in Transfer Pricing: An African Perspective

The transfer pricing methods established by the transfer pricing rules and practices of countries (generally modelled after the OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines) are not only complex to implement, but also fraught with challenges – such as the ava...

Current Account Adjustments and Exchange Rate Arrangements: What Regime for African Countries?

This paper empirically examines the impact of exchange rate arrangements on current account imbalances within the African context. Following Friedman’s hypothesis (Friedman, 1953), we test the propositions stating that flexible exchange rate regim...

Women in Corporate Boards in Africa: Beyond Tokenism

Women are under-represented on corporate boards and other leadership structures in Africa. This problem is a reflection of the historical disadvantages and gender inequalities women face. The status quo is, however, ironic given the relatively l...

In but Out in Lesotho: Women's Representation Dilemma

This policy briefing, focusing specifically on the National Assembly of Lesotho, argues that patriarchy, electoral processes, stereotypical gender roles and other foundational barriers perpetuate the marginalisation of women in parliament. There...

Beyond the Rhetoric: Mainstreaming Gender in the ECOWAS Peace and Security Architecture

With a long history of a troubled backyard, ECOWAS needs to modify its strategies to ensure effectiveness. This requires a bespoke and innovative approach to peace and security that, necessarily, has to be gendered and inclusive. This policy bri...

A Gender Lens on Informal Settlement Upgrading: Strengthening Women's Participation

In the context of persisting gender inequality, women’s participation in informal settlement upgrading in South Africa needs special attention. Disparities in access to resources are coupled with gender relations that are biased towards male pow...

Gender Implications of Geographical Indications for Ghanaian Shea Butter

This policy briefing is based on research that examines how current debates about extending geographical indications (GI) to products other than wines and spirits may impact women entrepreneurs in developing countries. The case study uses women ...

Taxing Mobile Phone Transactions in Africa: Lessons from Kenya

The taxation on mobile phone-based transactions and on airtime has been introduced in Kenya and is spreading to other African countries. Some countries in sub-Saharan Africa view mobile phones as a booming sub-sector easy to tax due to the increas...

Fourth Industrial Revolution: What's in it for African Women?

The world of work is undergoing a revolutionary change with advances in technology, artificial intelligence (AI) and the use of ‘big data’. While there are emerging debates around Africa’s role within this evolving technological context, very li...

Assessing Gender Inclusion in the Migration Policies of ECOWAS

This policy briefing assesses the gender dimension of the ECOWAS regional framework for migration governance, focusing on regulations and protocols on free movement, specifically the ECOWAS treaty and the ECOWAS gender and migration framework an...

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