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The ZIPAR Quarterly Issue 1

"This quarterly newsletter takes a look at tax evasion still being a challenge in Zambia, enhancing export performance in Zambia and innovative ways of bridging the financial gap for the poor. The cover story "Lusaka needs Public Transport Reform...

Comparison of Welfare Status of Districts in Zambia

"In this paper we make welfare comparisons among districts of Zambia using multidimensional wellbeing indicators observed at the household level. The comparisons are conducted using a first order dominance approach developed by Arndt et al. It is ...

Bridging the PAYE Tax Revenue Gap

"Based on the Report “Uncovering the Unknown: An analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia,” Zambia is currently grappling with issues of reducing high budget deficits. Zambia’s tax revenue-to-GDP ratio dropped to a record low of 13% in the early 1990s fr...

Making Every Kilometre Count: Prioritising Road Infrastructure Spending

The policy brief presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors prioritized based on their transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic importance. To do that, a nation-wide travel demand model cou...

Uncovering the Unknown: An Analysis of Tax Evasion in Zambia

"The Government of the Republic of Zambia, like many other governments in the world, significantly relies on tax revenue to finance both its key infrastructure development and social services. This study investigates the extent and causes of tax e...

Switching costs, Relationship Banking & MSMEs Formal Bank Credit in Zambia

"We find that MSMEs choice of the main-bank does not persist signaling the absence of switching costs and the vague role of relationship banking. Moreover, switching a main-bank has no effect on lending interest rates. Our results imply that MSMEs...

Trip Modeling and Cost Analysis for Public Road Transport System for the City of Lusaka

"The increase in the use of private motor vehicles for routine travel within the City of Lusaka suggests weakness in the Public Transport (PT) system. The current PT fares are unsustainably high and service levels undesirable. This largely owes to...

Optimization Study for Core Road Network Planning to Link Zambia

"This report presents an assessment of the importance of different road sections and corridors (“projects”) prioritized based on transportation efficiency, accessibility and socio-economic characteristics. The Zambian road network is undergoing si...

Estimating Returns to Education in Zambia

"For a long time, Zambia has had no studies estimating returns to education despite this being a critical factor in knowing what is driving the demand to education, particularly different levels of education. This paper has estimated the returns t...

Resource Mobalisation and Fundraising in Basic Schools: A Case Study of Copperbelt and North-Western Province

"Like many other countries, Zambia removed a major barrier to access to primary education when it abolished user fees for Grades 1–7 in 2002. The resulting fall in basic schools’ income, however, has not been relieved by adequate government resour...

The Costs and Pricing of Tourism in Zambia: The Case of Livingstone

"Tourism is potentially one of Zambia’s best prospects for economic diversification and growth. The tourism sector has the potential to play an increasingly important role in stimulating economic growth by contributing to job creation, foreign exc...

Taxation of the informal sector in Zambia

"Zambia, like most developing countries, has undertaken tax reforms in a bid to raise more revenue from its tax system. Though tax reforms in Zambia began in the early 1990s, tax revenue has grown only marginally from its sharp decline prior to th...

Fitch Credit Rating for Zambia

"Fitch, a renowned global credit rating agency and one of the top three statistical rating organizations in the world recently maintained Zambia’s sovereign credit risk rating of ‘B+’ at its second rating of the country’s sovereign risk that began...

Misconceptions Surround High Interest Rates and Low Bank Credit to MSMEs in Zambia

"The important contribution made by MSMEs in the development of any economy cannot be overlooked. In Zambia, MSMEs contribute about 56% of the total number of jobs and account for over 80% of the number of businesses registered at the Patents and ...

Does Zambia need to change the way it allocates the CDF?

"This is based on a ZIPAR Research Paper “Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund.” As the Ministry of Finance commences the preparation of the 2015 National budget, it is worth asking how the government allocates spending...

The Birth, Death and Survival of Exports in Zambia 1999 - 2011

"This paper deals with the dynamics of Zambia’s export performance, analyzing the birth, death and persistence of exporting in various products and destinations. We use a framework that has recently proliferated in international trade to decompose...

Resource Allocation Model for the Constituency Development Fund

"The research reported on in this paper has calculated a composite index of deprivation using 2010 Census data, drawing on the experience of similar initiatives in other countries and using internationally accepted statistical techniques. This ind...

The Distribution of Household Income and the Middle Class in Zambia

"The middle class is increasingly becoming a topical issue in Zambia. However, the lack of a definitive measure of the middle class in the country makes it difficult to have targeted policies on this group of people, perceived worldwide to be the ...

Constraints on the Demand for Youth Labour in Zambia

"Zambia is one of many developing countries struggling to create adequate employment opportunities for its people, especially in the formal economy. Unemployment is highest among youths (15–24 years old) and particularly affects those without s...

Creating and Wasting Fiscal Space: Zambian Fiscal Performance 2002–2011

"Following three decades of economic mismanagement and decline, Zambia has experienced sustained economic growth since the turn of the century. The combination of rapid growth, reduced public expenditure, increased mining taxation and debt relief ...

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