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Enhancing the Development of the Private Sector For Inclusive Growth and Job Creation in the IGAD

The IGAD region has tremendous untapped potential, including abundant agricultural and livestock resources, considerable mineral, hydrocarbon and water resources, unique tourism assets, and a long coastline lying along the busiest shipping lanes...

Macroeconomic Performance of IGAD and the Implications of China's Economic Slowdown

The Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) as one of the relatively newly constituted regional block is composed of diverse countries with varied economic structures and agro-ecological zones. Member states (that includes Djibouti, E...

Assessment of Economic Integration in IGAD

"This study seeks to assess the progress made so far and the challenges that face regional integration process in the Horn of Africa with especial emphasis on IGAD; and it provides a roadmap to enhance the regional efforts beyond the creation of f...

Seed Systems and Climate Change: Exploring Perceptions and Options for Building Resilience of Farmer Seed Systems in Uganda

"Given the challenges facing agriculture resulting from climate change, building resilience is a priority. Seed systems are an important area for enhancing such resilience as seed security has direct links to food security, and resilient livelihoo...

Economic Growth in the Horn of Africa: Identifying Principal Drivers and Determinants

"The Horn of Africa countries had poor economic growth for many decades before the 2000’s. Various studies were conducted to uncover the factors responsible for the poor economic performance and divergence from the developing regions. Opinions var...

Composition of Growth and Alleviation of Income Poverty and Child Undernutrition in Sub-Saharan Africa

"This paper analyzes how the size and composition of growth are correlated with poverty reduction. Unlike most studies that focus only on income poverty, this study uses both income/consumption poverty and child undernutrition in the analysis, and...

Regional Integration and Trade in Africa: Augmented Gravity Model Approach

"Despite the existence of many regional economic communities (RECs) in Africa, intra-regional trade remains staggeringly low compared to other trading blocs in Europe, Asia and Latin America. Hence this study tries to uncover the main factors behi...

Is the Ethiopian Birr Overvalued? A Sober Assessment

"The purpose of this short paper is to answer the question by examining whether the Birr is misaligned or it is close to its equilibrium value as determined by macroeconomic fundamentals. To do so, the paper estimates what is called the fundamenta...

Microfinance Institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda: Loan Outreach to the Poor and the Quest for Financial Viability

Loan outreach—financial viability nexus is among the unsettled issues in microfinance literature: unyielding stance favoring viability for increased outreach to the poor (depth) versus a trade-off view justifying subsidized Microfinance Institutio...

Economic, Social and Political Developments and challenges in IGAD Region Conference Proceedings, October 23-25, 2014, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

"The proceeding is divided into seven parts. Part one deals with Foreign Direct Investment. In this part, two papers are presented. Part two is on Food Security in which issues ranging from impact of remittance, regional trade and other relevant i...

Do Tax Structures Optimize Private Fixed Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa? A Data Envelopment Analysis

"The paper discovers a tax structure that optimizes Private Fixed Investments (PFI) in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). It applies Data Envelopment Analysis technique to drive a country-by-country and a year-on-year PFI efficiency scores (for each of th...

Understanding the Total Factor Productivity Shortfall in Sub-Saharan Africa

"Some argue that Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is unique and the fundamental policies and institutions that govern income or productivity variation across countries do not explain the total factor productivity (TFP) shortfall within SSA. This study put...

Small and Medium Enterprise Access to Finance in Ethiopia: Synthesis of Demand and Supply

"In this paper, we analyze the financing gap of SMEs in Ethiopia and recommend ways of addressing the financing gap. Specifically, the study addresses a) the financing needs and financing options of SMEs in Ethiopia, b) Key constraints of SMEs acc...

Exploring Economic Growth Potential through Infrastructure Collaboration: The Case of Kenya and Sudan

"The paper is organized as follows. After the introductory note, section two will briefly outline some salient features of the Kenyan and Sudanese economies, particularly their energy structure. The third section will briefly review the literature...

Effects of Regional Trade Agreements on Strategic Agricultural Trade in Africa and its Implications to Food Security: Evidence from Gravity Model Estimation

"The problems of African agricultural development have been at the forefront of the debate on Africa’s development since the Lagos Plan of Action in 1963. During the 2004 AU meeting in Sirte, Libya and subsequently in the 2006 AU/NEPAD Summit on F...

Fiscal Federalism and Decentralization in Selected IGAD Member Countries

Fiscal federalism - the fiscal implications of a decentralized system of multi-level government – is an important component of governance in a federal or a decentralized system. Among the aspects of fiscal federalism to be assessed are the constit...

Inequality of Opportunity in Child Health in Ethiopia

Early childhood development such as child health and nutrition is shown to affect success and wellbeing later in adulthood. While child health and nutrition are influenced by among others, parental inputs and access to public services, the latter ...

Is Sudan's Public Debt Sustainable? Preliminary Assessment

The motivation of this study is the recently launched global agenda of SDGs goals (17.4) that proposes to “ Assist developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability; this is to be attained through coordinated policies aimed at foster...

Contribution of Early-Age Circumstances to Inequalities in Educational Achievement: A Within and Across Age Cohorts Comparative Study for Ethiopia

The academic evaluation system that focuses on rewarding students with high achievements and penalizing the low achievers by only looking at their test scores is misleading and unjust. First, inequality due to predetermined child circumstances s...

Quantifying the Road Influence Zone on Socio-economic Development in Rural Tigray, Ethiopia

Rural roads are very important for economic development, especially in rural areas. Empirical studies confirmed that rural roads provide safe and efficient human mobility, enhance access to markets for inputs such as fertilizers and improved seeds...

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