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Brain Drain and Regain: The Migration Behaviour of South African Medical Professionals

"Since the end of apartheid, South Africa has experienced a significant outflow of health professionals. The out-migration of health professionals from the country is part of a broader global trend of health professional migration from the Global ...

Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism

"Violent xenophobia has become a regular feature of South African life. Everyday animosity frequently spills over into violence against individual migrants and refugees and their economic enterprises. Some of these incidents reach the scrutiny of ...

Migrant Entrepreneurship, Collective Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa

"South Africa provides an important case study of how citizen attitudes and behaviours materially affect the business climate for migrant entrepreneurs. Trying to run a business in the informal economy is an especially hazardous undertaking in Sou...

Competition or Co-operation? South African and Migrant Entrepreneurs in Johannesburg

International migrant business owners in South Africa’s informal sector are, and have been for many years, the target of xenophobic attacks. This has led to public debates about their role in the South African economy and competition with their So...

Refugee Entrepreneurial Economies in Urban South Africa

The primary aim of this report is to examine what we call “refugee entrepreneurial economies” in urban South Africa. Within the informal sector, refugee enclaves have often been viewed as stagnant pools of desperation, providing narrow opportuniti...

Living With Xenophobia: Zimbabwean Informal Enterprise in South Africa

This report examines the impact of xenophobic violence on Zimbabweans who are trying to make a living in the South African informal sector and finds that xenophobic violence has several key characteristics that put them at constant risk of losing ...

Rendering South Africa Undesirable: A Critique of Refugee and Informal Sector Policy

To understand the policy environment within which refugees establish and operate their enterprises in South Africa’s informal sector, this report brings together two streams of policy analysis. The first concerns the changing refugee policies and ...

Voices from the Margins: Migrant Women's Experiences in Southern Africa

"The concept of the feminization of migration traditionally refers to the growth in numbers and relative importance of women’s migration, particularly from and within developing countries. In Africa, for example, the proportion of female migrants...

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad...

Unfriendly Neighbours: Contemporary Migration from Zimbabwe to Botswana

"This report focuses on understanding the nature and implications of the most recent phase of movement from Zimbabwe to Botswana. The first section of the report examines the evidence for the number of Zimbabweans in Botswana. As in South Africa, ...

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly imp...

International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent int...

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more d...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour...

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompa...

Medical Recruits: The Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals

"Health workers are one of the categories of skilled professionals most affected by globalization. Over the past decade, there has emerged a substantial body of research that tracks patterns of international migration of health personnel, assesses...

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural pract...

Early Departures: The Emigration Potential of Zimbabwean Students

"Zimbabwe is experiencing a crippling flight of professional and skilled people that has escalated to levels that have serious implications for economic growth and development. Previous studies have discovered extremely high levels of dissatisfac...

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. ...

The Quality of Migration Services Delivery in South Africa

"The South African Department of Home Affairs (DHA) is responsible for the implementation and management of migration policy and legislation, as well as the registration of births, marriages and deaths and the issuing of identity documents and pas...

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