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International Migration and Good Governance in the Southern African Region

"Southern Africa has a long history of intra-regional migration, dating back to the mid-nineteenth century. Migration was probably the single most important factor tying together all of the various colonies and countries of the sub-continent int...

Migration of Skills in South Africa: Patterns, Trends and Challenges

"It is a human inclination to want to position oneself where conditions are best for personal fulfillment, growth and success. People migrate because they perceive their environment as inadequate in terms of what they desire or deserve. The more d...

Labour Migration Trends and Policies in Southern Africa

"Since 1990, there have been major changes to longstanding patterns of intra-regional labour migration within the Southern African Development Community (SADC). At the same time, new channels of migration to and from the region have opened. Labour...

South Africa's Two Diasporas: Engagement and Disengagement

"The African diaspora is increasingly viewed as a key to realizing the development potential of international migration. At the same time, there remains considerable confusion about who exactly constitutes the diaspora and which groups should be t...

Swaziland Moves: Perceptions and Patterns of Modern Migration

"Swaziland has an unusually rich migration history. Swazi men and women have been migrating across colonial and international borders for decades for a multiplicity of reasons. Within the country, post-independence economic development was accompa...

Medical Recruits: The Temptation of South African Health Care Professionals

"Health workers are one of the categories of skilled professionals most affected by globalization. Over the past decade, there has emerged a substantial body of research that tracks patterns of international migration of health personnel, assesses...

Northern Gateway: Cross-Border Migration Between Namibia and Angola

"Namibia shares its borders with five other SADC countries: South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Angola. Communities in southern Angola and northern Namibia share deep cultural roots and people along the border have similar cultural pract...

Early Departures: The Emigration Potential of Zimbabwean Students

"Zimbabwe is experiencing a crippling flight of professional and skilled people that has escalated to levels that have serious implications for economic growth and development. Previous studies have discovered extremely high levels of dissatisfac...

Migration and Domestic Work in South Africa: Worlds of Work, Health and Mobility in Johannesburg

"South Africa is in the middle of a well-documented HIV/AIDS epidemic. Infection rates were calculated to be 22% of the adult population in 2003. A number of different reasons have been advanced to explain the HIV/AIDS epidemic in South Africa. ...

The Quality of Migration Services Delivery in South Africa

"The South African Department of Home Affairs (DHA) is responsible for the implementation and management of migration policy and legislation, as well as the registration of births, marriages and deaths and the issuing of identity documents and pas...

Voices from the Margins: Migrant Women's Experiences in Southern Africa

"The concept of the feminization of migration traditionally refers to the growth in numbers and relative importance of women’s migration, particularly from and within developing countries. In Africa, for example, the proportion of female migrants...

The Haemorrhage of Health Professionals from South Africa: Medical Opinions

"The health sector has been especially hard hit by the brain drain from South Africa. Unless the push factors are successfully addressed, intense interest in emigration will continue to translate into departure for as long as demand exists abroad...

Complex Movements, Confused Responses: Labour Migration in South Africa

"The first section of this paper briefly reviews the post-apartheid decline in permanent immigration and legal temporary labour migration to South Africa. The next section examines some of the new migration trends that have become increasingly imp...

Unfriendly Neighbours: Contemporary Migration from Zimbabwe to Botswana

"This report focuses on understanding the nature and implications of the most recent phase of movement from Zimbabwe to Botswana. The first section of the report examines the evidence for the number of Zimbabweans in Botswana. As in South Africa, ...

Xenophobic Violence in South Africa: Denialism, Minimalism, Realism

"Violent xenophobia has become a regular feature of South African life. Everyday animosity frequently spills over into violence against individual migrants and refugees and their economic enterprises. Some of these incidents reach the scrutiny of ...

Migrant Entrepreneurship, Collective Violence and Xenophobia in South Africa

"South Africa provides an important case study of how citizen attitudes and behaviours materially affect the business climate for migrant entrepreneurs. Trying to run a business in the informal economy is an especially hazardous undertaking in Sou...

Brain Drain and Regain: The Migration Behaviour of South African Medical Professionals

"Since the end of apartheid, South Africa has experienced a significant outflow of health professionals. The out-migration of health professionals from the country is part of a broader global trend of health professional migration from the Global ...

Making Up the Numbers: Measuring “Illegal Immigration” to South Africa

This paper critically reviews the current state of knowledge about undocumented migration and irregular employment in South Africa as a baseline exercise. It begins with an overview of the major causes of the upsurge in migration to South Africa ...

Gender Concerns in South African Migration Policy

Gender concerns have been markedly lacking in the development of a new national policy on international migration to South Africa, both in the policy-making process and in the content of the Green and White Papers. Given the lessons of internatio...

Problematizing the Foreign Shop: Justifications for Restricting the Migrant Spaza Sector in South Africa

Small businesses owned by international migrants and refugees are often the target of xenophobic hostility and attack in South Africa. This has led various governance actors including the police, government ministers and provincial premiers to ca...

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