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Next Time Better? Conducting the APRM's 'Second Generation' Reviews

"Reviews conducted under the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) are intended to occur at regular intervals, helping countries conduct an ongoing assessment of their governance. However, after 12 years of the APRM’s existence, no country has yet ...

Zambia's Constitutional Groundhog Day: Why National Debate about Constitutional Reform is not Going Away Anytime Soon

"Since independence, Zambia has had five major constitutional amendments (an average of one every 10 years), a fact that has raised concerns about the country’s constitutional foundations. The constitution has been made a campaign issue in e...

Rhodesia: Quo Vadis?

The document starts by giving background on Rhodesia’s past from 1922 until the present, then discusses its present and possible future. The author believes that it is in the best interests of all Rhodesians to reach an agreement with the British ...

Malawi's Referendum on Multi-Party Politics: Banda's Battle of Hastings?

"This paper discusses the 1992 referendum held under the regime of President Banda, the demands made by the opposition as well as UN election monitoring and concludes that Pres Banda will not be the power behind the throne indefinitely. Especiall...

The German Elections: Implications for South Africa

"This paper discusses the runup to the 1995 German elections. It is argued that the outcome of elections is likely to have little impact on German policy towards South Africa which has remained constant and favourable even during the apartheid ye...

Has the disinvestment issue been carefully considered?

This paper considers the question of disinvestment to put economic pressure on the South African government. It is often proposed as a means of resolving the political crisis in South Africa, with a view that disinvestment will weaken the South Af...

Continuity and change in South Africa's present and future foreign policy

This occasional paper concerns questions relating to the domestic political, economic and social character of the post-apartheid state, examines a number of assumptions commonly held about South Africa’s foreign policy in the post-apartheid period...

Settlement of the Namibian dispute: A question of political will

This brief report describes recent problems that held up implementation of the Western-sponsored UN plan for Namibian independence, whose success depends on the degree of political will and determination on the part of the contending parties. Futu...

South West Africa - The aftermath of the judgment

This article describes the revocation by the United Nations General Assembly of South Africa’s mandate over South West Africa, and the appointment of a United Nations administration for the territory. This was the culmination of a dispute between ...

Réunion: A world in miniature

Reunion is an island in the Indian Ocean with a population of mixed origin. The principal divisions in Reunion’s population are economic rather than social or ethnic. Metropolitan France governed Reunion as a colony until 1946, when it received fu...

West Africa: The silent revolution

This brief report deals with West Africa, which has been plagued by political instability and economic mismanagement. Recent events indicate that the region is undergoing a profound transition, but the process has not been uniform. This report ...

South Africa in a Southern African context

This document examines future economic co-operation in the Southern Africa region, the impact of the new domestic political dispensation in South Africa on political and economic developments in the sub-continent, and how this process can be manag...

On the way to a new South Africa

This document briefly outlines aspects of German foreign policy in post-cold war Europe, as well as German relations with post-Apartheid South Africa. The first priority of German foreign policy had been peace in Europe and German reunification an...

South Africa and negotiations: new hope or false dawn?

This brief reports describes the dramatically changed political landscape in South Africa. Since early August, there have been a number of statements by both sides which indicate a desire to end the South African conflict even though the parties r...

The organisation of African Unity (OAU) and peacemaking in the 1990's

This brief report describes the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) as a continental peacemaker and explains its inability to advance peace in Africa, especially in the 1970s and 1980s, when Africa was plagued by a series of conflicts. Since it...

Namibia: Return to home rule

This brief report describes the establishment of the Transitional Government in Namibia on 17 June 1985 scheduled to be in office for two years. It will be composed of the National Assembly, Ministers’ Council, Constitutional Council and Constitut...

Chile and South Africa lessons and opportunities arising from political and economic transition

This report describes parallels of economic and political change in South Africa and Chile, and the development of forward-looking strategies to deal with these. Chile and South Africa have similar pasts. Both countries are ‘middle powers’, lo...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 10, no. 2, 1986

This International Affairs Bulletin contains several articles by various authors. Tom Lodge’s article describes the main decisions of the ANC Conference at Kabwe and relates them to subsequent ANC activity during the rest of the year. Three types ...

SAIIA Southern Africa Record no 10

This Southern Africa record contains the following texts: Speech on Angola by K.D. Kaunda, President of Zambia; South Africa and Angola: Statement in Parliament on 25 March 1976 by the South African Minister of Defence, P.W. Botha, concerning refu...

SAIIA International Affairs Bulletin, vol. 1, no. 3, 1977

This International Affairs Bulletin contains the following three articles: Deon Geldenhuys’ article describes the politics of international unpopularity as related to South Africa’s status as a pariah state. The article describes how South Africa...

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