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The G20's Contribution to Sustainable Development in Africa

The Group of Twenty (G20), as a forum for international cooperation on global economic governance and finance, has supported African development through the introduction of various initiatives and plans. The expansion of its original mandate has l...

South Africa and Secondary Powers: Contestation in Sub-Saharan Africa

The second most powerful states in regional hierarchies – or secondary powers – can be expected to contest against hegemons. Angola and Nigeria, and to a lesser extent Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, can be considered secondary powers in sub-Saharan Af...

Exploring Collaboration between MDBs and National Entities on Environmental and Social Safeguards: The Case of South Africa and Ethiopia

This paper explores the way in which various actors cooperate in effectively implementing environmental and social safeguards measures on infrastructure projects financed by multilateral development banks (MDBs). It first sets the policy context, ...

E-Commerce and the WTO: A Developmental Agenda

The rise of e-commerce presents both challenges and opportunities, leading to calls for multilateral trading rules at the WTO. The route to industrial development is changing and rules at the WTO – the subject of this paper – will have important...

Morocco Joins the AU: Motives and Meanings

Morocco left the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1984 when the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR, also known as Western Sahara), which the Moroccan monarchy considered to be part of its territory, was granted membership of the organisa...

Space, Soil and Status: Insight from the APRM Into the Governance of Land in Africa

"Land is central to Africa’s fortunes, and thus has occupied a prominent place in the inquiries of Africa’s home-grown governance review system, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). This paper interrogates what the APRM’s reports from 10 part...

Making sustainable Development the Key Focus of the BRICS New Development Bank

"As the New Development Bank (NDB) gears up to extend its first loans in the second quarter of 2016, with its self-stated aim to ‘fund infrastructure and sustainable development projects in BRICS and other emerging economies’, it is important to ...

Is Community-based Natural Resource Management in Botswana Viable?

"If Botswana is to continue its success story as an African anomaly, it will have to manage its transition to a less diamond-dependent economy skilfully. Until alternative and new sources of economic growth can be found, eco-tourism will be the...

The G-20 Tax Agenda and Africa's Taxation Needs

"The rapid growth of the global economy in recent years has meant that international tax laws have not kept pace with changes in the global business environment, with the consequence that multinational corporations (MNCs) are not necessarily tax...

China-Africa: A Maturing Relationship? Growth, Change and Resilience

"This event focused on three areas: ● China’s changing role in the global economy and the impact of this on African economies, as well as on development in Africa generally; ● the role of natural resources and wildlife in China-Africa trade, inc...

Namibia: Towards a Logistics Hub for Southern Africa

"Namibia’s New Investment Bill represents a new foreign direct investment (FDI) regime in line with a recent shift in the developing world away from liberal FDI regulation, which favours foreign investors and restricts the state’s right to regu...

Understanding the Angolan FDI Regulatory Landscape

"This paper explores the regulatory framework for foreign direct investment (FDi) in Angola, with the objective of broadening understanding of the barriers to foreign investment in the country. The regulatory environment in Angola is unpredicta...

State visits as a tool of economic diplomacy: Bandwagon or business sense?

"Economic diplomacy has become a priority for South Africa’s foreign policy with the specific objectives of improving market access and trade with bilateral partners, increasing foreign direct investment, positioning South Africa as a preferred t...

Service Sector Liberalisation in India: Key lessons and challenges

"The service sector is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the Indian economy. It has been integral to India’s overall liberalisation and structural reform programme, which was initiated in the 1980s and gained momentum after 1991. The increasi...

Emerging powers and the changing global environment: Leadership norms and Institutions

"Emerging powers are asserting their influence in various multilateral institutions and seeking to amplify their unified voice on critical global policy issues. Some, notably Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS), have gone a step...

The Land factor in Mining Gold Reserves in Tanzania

"In the early 1990s the discovery of large quantities of gold deposits in the Lake Victoria Basin of Tanzania seemed to be the long-awaited candle to light the way to economic growth and poverty reduction. Economic indices in gold production are g...

Zimbabwe 1992-1996: Second 5-year national development plan

This brief report describes Zimbabwe’s second five-year national development plan, which was published on 13 February 1992 and will involve both public and private sector reforms. The viability of the 5-year plan is threatened by the drought and t...

Zambia - Past Present and Future

Zambia is at a critical stage in her development as a country. The economy of Zambia is not in a healthy state and it is uncertain if she could stand the pressure building up around South Africa.This paper looks at the economic situation before ...

Madagascar: Paradise Lost?

Madagascar acceded to autonomous statehood in October 1958 and has since been known for its conflict between the coastal people and the traditional ruling group, the Merina. However the economy went into a deep decline after 1967 and the crisis w...

The Outlook for American Policies towards South Africa in 1985

The beginning of the year has seen South African relations with the U. S at the top of the foreign policy agenda. Developments in five inter-related areas namely protests, legislation in the US congress as well as states and cities, the Sullivan c...

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