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Pan-Africanism and the African Renaissance Through the APRM

Pan-Africanism has historically played a crucial role in shaping the foundations of African institutions, and continues to do so today. Divergent opinions on the structure of African institutions raise the question of how these ideologies should ...

The Nexus Between Prosperity in the African Maritime Domain and Maritime Security

At the centre of ocean governance are the undefined concepts of ‘Blue Economy’ and ‘maritime security’. The AU has undertaken significant work in developing policies and strategies that address both these concepts, which deal with human interactio...

Low-Carbon Energy Transition in Africa: Insights from West Africa

A shift towards low-carbon, renewable energy sources is imperative if the worst impacts of climate change are to be avoided. Although Africa has contributed a relatively small proportion of historical carbon emissions, the continent must still pla...

Improving Forest Governance in East Africa's Eastern Arc Mountains

The Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania and Kenya are an ecoregion of great ecological and socio-economic importance. The global significance of this ecoregion is manifested through its role as a carbon sink and as a habitat for a number of endemic ...

Improving SADC Responses to Bring Peace to the DRC

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) continues to skirt crisis, as the elections first postponed in 2016 to December 2017 appear once again to be postponed indefinitely. Amid opposition accusations that he is clinging to power, President Joseph ...

From Dependency to Partnership: Where are AU-EU Relations Heading

This policy brief considers the prospects of the relationship between the AU and the EU maturing beyond the traditional dependency model. Although great progress has been made since the EU was established and its relationship with predominantly ex...

Climate Change Progress, the US Withdrawal and What We can Expect From COP23

In light of the US withdrawal from the Paris Agreement (PA) in June 2017, continued political momentum and concrete outcomes at upcoming climate change summits are needed to reinforce global commitment to the PA. From 6–17 November 2017 nearly 200...

Valetta 2015 to Abidjan 2017: Recent Trends in AU-EU Migration Relations

Ahead of the fifth AU–EU Summit in November 2017, this policy brief identifies changing trends in Africa–EU migration relations under the 2007 Joint Africa– EU Strategy (JAES), the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa (EUTF) and the outcomes from t...

The G20's Contribution to Sustainable Development in Africa

The Group of Twenty (G20), as a forum for international cooperation on global economic governance and finance, has supported African development through the introduction of various initiatives and plans. The expansion of its original mandate has l...

Gender Equality: A Cornerstone for a Green Economy

With most countries failing to move onto a sustainable development path and fulfil many of the outcomes emerging from the 1992 Earth Summit, a green economy is envisioned as a new pathway to achieving sustainable development and poverty eradicatio...

South Africa and Secondary Powers: Contestation in Sub-Saharan Africa

The second most powerful states in regional hierarchies – or secondary powers – can be expected to contest against hegemons. Angola and Nigeria, and to a lesser extent Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan, can be considered secondary powers in sub-Saharan Af...

Exploring Collaboration between MDBs and National Entities on Environmental and Social Safeguards: The Case of South Africa and Ethiopia

This paper explores the way in which various actors cooperate in effectively implementing environmental and social safeguards measures on infrastructure projects financed by multilateral development banks (MDBs). It first sets the policy context, ...

Power and the Private Sector in Tanzania: Prospects for the AFDB's High Fives Strategy

A stable, affordable energy supply underpins economic development by enabling infrastructure development and investment, and ultimately increases industrialisation and enhances competitiveness. Ensuring electricity security is therefore vital for ...

The UN Global Compacts on Migration and Refugees: A New Solution to Migration Management, or More of the Same?

On 22 and 23 May 2017, the UN hosted its second informal thematic session of the Global Compact on Migration. Designed to gather information, the sessions provide an informal setting for sharing experiences among UN member states, together with ci...

The International Criminal Court and Africa: Transcending Cleavages to Achieve Common Goals

In January 2017, at its Annual Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the AU decided by consensus on a strategy for mass withdrawal from the International Criminal Court (ICC), and the continent is developing plans for its own transnational cr...

E-Commerce and the WTO: A Developmental Agenda

The rise of e-commerce presents both challenges and opportunities, leading to calls for multilateral trading rules at the WTO. The route to industrial development is changing and rules at the WTO – the subject of this paper – will have important...

WTO Ministerial Commitments from Nairobi: Key Issues for South Africa at MC11

At the WTO’s 10th Ministerial Conference, held in Nairobi from 15–19 December 2015, members agreed on several outcomes relating to public stockholding, export competition, cotton, domestic support and a special safeguard mechanism for developing c...

China in the Era of 'Xi Jinping Thought': Five Key Trends for Africa

This policy briefing identifies five trends that could affect Africa, emerging from China’s 19th Communist Party Congress, held in Beijing in October 2017. The congress saw the institutionalisation of several of President Xi Jinping’s key initiati...

Morocco Joins the AU: Motives and Meanings

Morocco left the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in 1984 when the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR, also known as Western Sahara), which the Moroccan monarchy considered to be part of its territory, was granted membership of the organisa...

The African Peer Review Mechanism at 15: Achievements and Aspirations

As the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) turns 15 on 9 March 2018, this milestone provides an ideal opportunity to acknowledge recent progress. The APRM Secretariat’s new ‘Three Rs strategy’ has begun to restore, reinvigorate and renew the mec...

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