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Structural Barriers, Constraints and Urban Youth Employment : The Case of Ilala Municipality Dar Es Salaam

"The study is significant in that it sheds light on what can be done to increase the prospects for expanding urban youth employment. It contributes to understanding and developing strategies to remove constraints facing this occupational sub-sector,…

Socio-Economic Factors Limiting Smallholder Groundnut Production in Tabora Region

"Groundnut is among the most important crops for smallholder farmers in Tanzania, providing both food and income for households. Groundnut is a nutritious source of fats, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals for human consumption and parts …

The Effect of Boards on the Performance of Microfinance Institutions : Evidence from Tanzania and Kenya

"Although microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the most prominent providers of financial services to low-income people, their economic and social performance is subject to debate. How MFIs are governed is likely to affect their efficiency, outreach …

Supporting Tanzania's Cocoa Farmers

"The study team found that cocoa was playing a major role in improving livelihoods and reducing poverty in the district, and was contributing more to household income than any other crop. Households in higher producing cocoa areas were demonstrably …

The Invisibility of Wage Employment in Statistics on the Informal Economy in Africa : Causes and Consequences

"Through a Tanzanian case study, this paper challenges the claim, along with the statistics that support it, that self-employment is the dominant employment status in the informal economy. The paper begins by reviewing key insights from relevant lit…

The Changing Economy of Tanzania : Patterns of Accumulation and Structural Change

This paper focuses on the growth in aggregate production in Tanzania. It also deals with the division of GDP across productive sectors in the economy, population growth as well as labour force growth. The processes of economic transformation and str…

Incomplete Intermediary Coordination and its Effects on Productivity of Sugarcane in Tanzania

Underpinning the key proposition of this study is that raising productivity among cane outgrowers in Tanzania is limited by the industry’s characteristics of production and incomplete intermediary organization. While the existing intermediary organi…

Economic Transformation in Tanzania: Vicious or Virtuous Circle?

This paper evaluates the concept of economic transformation and further investigates its relevance in the present day policy debates in Tanzania. The paper starts by taking a critical look at a homemade definition of economic transformation. A brie…

Mineral Extraction for Socio-EconomicTransformation of Tanzania: The Need to Move from Papers to Implementation of Mining Policy and Law

Tanzania is endowed with vast quantities and types of resources. Central to the country's economic growth is the extraction of these. The challenge, however, has been translating growth in extraction activities and into inclusive and sustainable soc…

Poverty and Human Development Report 2009

"The Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR) is a key output of the Government of Tanzania’s poverty monitoring system. It provides consolidated analysis of progress towards national development goals as well as discussion on important socio-ec…

The Role of Small Businesses in Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

"The role of small businesses in poverty alleviation, economic growth and job creation has emerged as an important topic not only for policy makers but also for academic research. The importance of small businesses arises in view of the dismal perfo…

Assessing Market Distortions Affecting Poverty Reduction Efforts On Smallholder Tobacco Production in Tanzania

"This study attempts to analyse the efficiency of production, the degree of distortion in the markets and the pattern of incentives for smallholder tobacco growers in Songea,Tanzania. A Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM)of the tobacco production and marke…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Poverty Alleviation in Semi Arid Areas : The Case of Chamazi in Lushoto District, Tanzania

"This study investigates the role of the Chamazi farming system in alleviating poverty in the semi-arid low lands of Lushoto district. It was conducted in seven villages between 6th March and 29th March 2002. The villages, which administratively are…

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricult…

The Role of Tourism in Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"The main objective of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect livelihood impacts from tourism and their implications for poverty alleviation. The sector being the fastest growing sector in Tanzania, the study intended to investigate the …

School Enrolment, Performance and Access to Education in Tanzania

"The link between economic growth and human development has been a subject of rigorous empirical econometric work since the 1970s. Education, which is an important component of human development, has been found to explain varying levels of return an…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represent…

The Status of Growth and the Reduction of Income Poverty in Tanzania

"This brief summarises the status of Mkhukuta's cluster I as reported in Chapter 1 of the 2007 Poverty and Human Development Report (PHDR). The 2007 PHDR provides key information and data on national indicators, gives a framework for determining a s…

Poverty and Human Development Report 2007

"Analysis begins with examination of the most recent data for the national set of indicators used to monitor Tanzania's National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty. The three major clusters of desired outcomes of poverty reduction: growth,…

Part I Status of Growth and Poverty Reduction

"Chapters 1 to 3 are contained in this document and provide a consolidated view of the progress of Tanzania's National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty 2005-2010 (Mkukuta). The most recent data on indicators for the goals and targets of …

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