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The Role of Small Businesses in Poverty Alleviation : The Case of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania

"The role of small businesses in poverty alleviation, economic growth and job creation has emerged as an important topic not only for policy makers but also for academic research. The importance of small businesses arises in view of the dismal perfo…

The Impact of Reforms on the Quality of Primary Education in Tanzania

"Tanzania started implementing a comprehensive programme, the Primary Education Development Programme (PEDP) in 2002, designed to improve both access and quality. Due to pressure resulting from high pupils/classroom ratio and high pupils/desk ratio,…

Assessing Market Distortions Affecting Poverty Reduction Efforts On Smallholder Tobacco Production in Tanzania

"This study attempts to analyse the efficiency of production, the degree of distortion in the markets and the pattern of incentives for smallholder tobacco growers in Songea,Tanzania. A Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM)of the tobacco production and marke…

Changes in the Upland Irrigation System and Implications for Rural Poverty Alleviation A Case of the Ndiwa Irrigation System, West Usambara Mountains, Tanzania

"Rural poverty is a major problem in Tanzania that has become the focus of different development strategies. Poverty alleviation is a priority objective in the national development strategies. Inadequate and unreliable rainfall has restricted the po…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems in Poverty Alleviation in Semi Arid Areas : The Case of Chamazi in Lushoto District, Tanzania

"This study investigates the role of the Chamazi farming system in alleviating poverty in the semi-arid low lands of Lushoto district. It was conducted in seven villages between 6th March and 29th March 2002. The villages, which administratively are…

Assessing the Relative Poverty of Clients and Non-Clients of Non-Bank Micro-finance Institutions in Tanzania: The Case of the Dar es Salaam and Coast Regions

"The overall objective of this study was to critically assess the relative poverty level of clients and non-clients of non-bank MFIs in Tanzania by using CGAP’s Poverty Assessment tool. The end results of this study wish to answer the question as to…

The Use of Sustainable Irrigation for Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania:The Case of Smallholder Irrigation Schemes in Igurusi, Mbarali District

"Irrigation has been found to be a central key part in curbing food scarcity not only in Tanzania but also in many other developing countries. The continued dependence on rainfall in agriculture has proved incapable of sustaining the population inc…

Poverty and Environment: Impact Analysis of Sustainable Dar es Salaam Project on “Sustainable Livelihoods” of Urban Poor

"The study was carried out to find out strengths and weaknesses in the institutional structure and associated legislation that support measures to improve the environment of the City of Dar es Salaam. The objective is to equip policy makers, particu…

Poverty and Changing Livelihoods of Migrant Maasai Pastoralists in Morogoro and Kilosa Districts, Tanzania

"The objective of this study was to analyse how the Maasai migrants have adapted themselves to the new ecological conditions and the impact of such adaptations on their livelihoods. Confronted with the loss of grazing land due to several geographica…

Shortcomings of Linkages between Environmental Conservation Initiatives and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"This study has established many potential links between environmental conservation, economic activities and poverty alleviation. The economic activities can be both at a commercial scale and at a subsistence level. We have established that agricult…

The Role of Tourism in Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania

"The main objective of this study was to analyse the direct and indirect livelihood impacts from tourism and their implications for poverty alleviation. The sector being the fastest growing sector in Tanzania, the study intended to investigate the …

School Enrolment, Performance and Access to Education in Tanzania

"The link between economic growth and human development has been a subject of rigorous empirical econometric work since the 1970s. Education, which is an important component of human development, has been found to explain varying levels of return an…

Demographic Factors, Household Composition, Employment and Household Welfare

"This study has analysed two different Household Budget Survey(HBS) data to find out how the composition of poor households varies with the chosen method and index of distinguishing the households between poor and the non- poor. The objective of the…

Poverty and Deforestation around the Gazetted Forests of the Coastal Belt of Tanzania

"This study examines the relationship between poverty and deforestation around the gazetted forests of Kazimzumbwi, Pugu, Mabwe Pande, Kongowe and Pongwe in Dar es Salaam and Coast regions. It examines pressure exerted on the reserved forests by th…

Youth Migration and Poverty Alleviation : A Case Study of Petty Traders (Wamachinga) in Dar Es Salaam

"This study begins with a proposition that there is a link between poverty, migration and policy. Its purpose is therefore to study and understand the phenomenon of rural-urban youth migration by focusing on mobile and stationary petty-traders in …

Poverty and Family Size Patterns : Comparison Across African Countries

"The significance of this study is, in the first instance, bringing out the extent of poverty that is talked about in Africa, and associated factors. Secondly implications of findings will be drawn, on, first, a possible ‘theory’ of pattern of pop…

The Role of Traditional Irrigation Systems (Vinyungu) in Alleviating Poverty in Iringa Rural District, Tanzania

"This study was conducted to assess the role of the vinyungu irrigation system in alleviating poverty in Iringa rural district in the southern highlands of Tanzania and covered five villages, Wasa, Uhominyi, Kihanga, Kising'a, and Lulanzi, represent…

Poverty Environment and Livelihood along the Gradients of the Usambaras in Tanzania

"This study will provide some insights that will contribute towards bringing about a balance on the views of the relationships between poverty and the environment. But beyond this the juxtaposition of mountains and plains like that found in the Usam…

Survival and Accumulation Strategies at the Rural Urban Interface : A Study of Ifakara Town, Tanzania

"Traditionally, small towns have been viewed as an extension of the exploitative arm of state capitalism and an instrument of rural under-development, draining cheaply obtained resources from the rural areas to the large cities. This study takes a d…

Foreign Aid Grassroots Participation and Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania: The HESAWA Fiasco

"The study set to examine foreign aid effectiveness in the poverty alleviation in rural Tanzania. More specifically, it sought to investigate the impact of the Health through Sanitation and Water (HESAWA)program among the rural population of Mwanza …

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