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Structural Barriers, Constraints and Urban Youth Employment : The Case of Ilala Municipality Dar Es Salaam

"The study is significant in that it sheds light on what can be done to increase the prospects for expanding urban youth employment. It contributes to understanding and developing strategies to remove constraints facing this occupational sub-sector,…

Socio-Economic Factors Limiting Smallholder Groundnut Production in Tabora Region

"Groundnut is among the most important crops for smallholder farmers in Tanzania, providing both food and income for households. Groundnut is a nutritious source of fats, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals for human consumption and parts …

The Effect of Boards on the Performance of Microfinance Institutions : Evidence from Tanzania and Kenya

"Although microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the most prominent providers of financial services to low-income people, their economic and social performance is subject to debate. How MFIs are governed is likely to affect their efficiency, outreach …

Supporting Tanzania's Cocoa Farmers

"The study team found that cocoa was playing a major role in improving livelihoods and reducing poverty in the district, and was contributing more to household income than any other crop. Households in higher producing cocoa areas were demonstrably …

The Invisibility of Wage Employment in Statistics on the Informal Economy in Africa : Causes and Consequences

"Through a Tanzanian case study, this paper challenges the claim, along with the statistics that support it, that self-employment is the dominant employment status in the informal economy. The paper begins by reviewing key insights from relevant lit…

The Changing Economy of Tanzania : Patterns of Accumulation and Structural Change

This paper focuses on the growth in aggregate production in Tanzania. It also deals with the division of GDP across productive sectors in the economy, population growth as well as labour force growth. The processes of economic transformation and str…

The Impact of Gazetting the Derema Forest Corridor in Tanzania on Community Livelihoods and Forest Conservation

The gazetting of Derema Forest Corridor (DFC) in the Usambara Mountains of north-eastern Tanzania is examined in this study. This area will become a national forest reserve and it is discusses herein how this process affected the livelihoods within …

Hydrocarbon Resources in Tanzania: Achieving Benefits with Robust Protection

Like many other natural endowments, natural gas is a finite resource. Its consumption today is a subtraction from, and detrimental to, the resources of future generations. Therefore, the extraction of finite resources must be based on, and guided by…

Transparency and Accountability in Local Governance in Tanzania

When citizens perceive their government to be transparent and accountable to them - democracy will only grow and thrive. Citizens will support and complement government efforts if the government informs them of how decisions that affect them are tak…

Incomplete Intermediary Coordination and its Effects on Productivity of Sugarcane in Tanzania

Underpinning the key proposition of this study is that raising productivity among cane outgrowers in Tanzania is limited by the industry’s characteristics of production and incomplete intermediary organization. While the existing intermediary organi…

Public Accounts Committees in Eastern Africa: A Comparative Analysis with a Focus on Tanzania

One of the standing committees of the Parliament of Tanzania — the Public Accounts Committee (PAC)— is an important institution for overseeing the implementation of the national budget and the expenditure of public monies. Properly functioning, the …

Citizen Participation and Local Governance in Tanzania

Meaningful governance at the local level cannot be imagined without effective citizen participation. Local Government Reform (LGR) in Tanzania, envisaged local governments whose leadership is chosen through free and fair elections, and local governm…

Reversing Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Decline in Tanzania: Policy Options and Constraints

The key messages in this policy brief are as follows: -Pharmaceutical production has been a Tanzanian industrial success, generating industrial skills and employment and sustaining access to essential medicines for the Tanzanian population, especial…

Economic Transformation in Tanzania: Vicious or Virtuous Circle?

This paper evaluates the concept of economic transformation and further investigates its relevance in the present day policy debates in Tanzania. The paper starts by taking a critical look at a homemade definition of economic transformation. A brie…

Mineral Extraction for Socio-EconomicTransformation of Tanzania: The Need to Move from Papers to Implementation of Mining Policy and Law

Tanzania is endowed with vast quantities and types of resources. Central to the country's economic growth is the extraction of these. The challenge, however, has been translating growth in extraction activities and into inclusive and sustainable soc…

Alternatives to Local Content

This analysis of local content combines the conceptual and theoretical analysis with a qualitative empirical analysis. A comprehensive treatment is provided of the effects of local content, incorporating insights from the political economy literatur…

When Does the State Listen?

In this article, the author looked at four cases of key historical policies in Ghana, Kenya, South Africa and Tanzania to examine how states engage with citizen voices. The policies all took place in contexts of political change and major junctures…

Social Protection : Targeting the Most Vulnerable Children The Case Study of Tanzania

This research reported on the targeting approaches used in social protection interventions for the livelihood of the most vulnerable children. Intervention organizations mainly adopted three types of targeting approaches : 1) the community-based app…

Driving Forces of Off Farm Income Generating Activities in Rural Tanzania : How Accessible are they to Poor Households?

The focus in this paper is on the driving forces of off-farm income-generating activities and the extent to which such forces are accessible to poor households in rural Tanzania. The paper makes use of the utility maximization theory in which a farm…

Strategic Significance of National Oil Companies: Lessons for Tanzania

The genesis of NOC’s is examined in this paper and how these institutions have contributed to the development needs of countries that have established them. The essay serves to enhance dialogue on this subject and to locate the evolution of the Tan…

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