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A Comparative Analysis of Poverty Incidence in Farming Systems of Tanzania

"The principal objective of this research was to determine the poverty incidence in different farming systems in Tanzania. The specific objectives were: To describe the patterns of poverty incidence in relation to farming systems, to quantify farm...

The Tanzanian Energy Sector: The Potential for Job Creation and Productivity Gains Through Expanded Electrification

"The main objective of this study is to provide insights into the dynamic linkages between expansion of the national electricity grid and off-grid alternative/renewable sources of electricity and job growth and productivity. The study also seeks t...

The Impact of Local Government Reforms in Tanzania 1998-2008

"In recent decades, Tanzania has undergone enormous political, social and economic changes. It has moved from being a centrally planned, one party socialist state to a modern, multi party democracy with an open, liberal economy. Tanzania's Local G...

Energy, Jobs and Skills: A Rapid Assessment of Potential in Mtwara, Tanzania

"This study sets out by examining, the growth and labour potential of the energy sector, one of the most promising labour absorbing sectors, and the demand that it is creating for young electricians in Mtwara and beyond. The findings of this study...

Institutional Analysis of Nutrition in Tanzania

"This special paper provides a summary of the situation of nutrition in Tanzania, and an institutional analysis of the principal actors in nutrition nationally and locally. The paper argues the need to focus on prevention on malnutrition by protec...

Maybe We Should Pay Tax After All? Citizens Changing Views on Taxation in Tanzania

"Citizen's unwillingness to pay taxes and fees is considered to be a major obstacle to enhancing government revenues in Tanzania. Based on data from two citizen surveys conducted in six councils in Tanzania during 2003 and 2006, this paper aims to...

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examin...

Service Delivery in Tanzania: Findings from Six Councils 2000-2003

"This report analyses data on service delivery and poverty alleviation from 2000 to 2003. The emphasis is on describing the situation at a certain point in time, in line with a baseline approach. However, much of the description is based on citize...

Widowhood and Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS Related Shocks Exploring Resilience Avenues

"This study explored the contexts under which violation of the inheritance and property rights of widows and orphans occurs and resilience avenues for safeguarding these rights. Protecting vulnerable individuals and groups in society is both a mor...

Outsourcing Revenue Collection to Private Agents: Experiences from Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Many local government authorities in Tanzania have reformed their tax collection systems in recent years in order to increase their revenue. This paper examines experiences with outsourced revenue collection of some local authorities in Tanzania....

The Growth - Poverty Nexus in Tanzania From a Developmental Perspective

"This research project is about gaining a better understanding of growth experiences in Tanzania - past and present - and their implications for the dynamics of poverty. Its focus is on coming to grips with processes of structural transformation a...

Children's Involvement in Small Business : Does it Build Youth Entrepreneurship?

"This brief summarises the findings of a study, conducted in Tanzania in 2006, that examined how children's work in small businesses impacts the development of their entrepreneurship. The study revealed that the participation of children in small ...

Poverty Among the Elderly and Children in Mainland Tanzania

"This brief analyses the economic situation of elderly persons and children in Tanzania. Significantly, the analysis found that households with elderly and children only are by far the poorest, in both urban and rural areas; 45% of these household...

Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000-2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of the Tanzanian local government reforms on the third theme, 'local finances and financial management'. The report analysed data and trends on finances and financial manage...

Children and Vulnerability in Tanzania : A Brief Synthesis

"The intention of this paper is to highlight the key issues of children and vulnerability in Tanzania. This study underscores the importance of understanding local and circumstantial factors which determine the extent to which communities, househo...

Determinants of Rural Income in Tanzania : An Empirical Approach

"Despite many initiatives to reduce rural poverty in Tanzania in the last ten years, rural incomes have not improved significantly. Rural poverty remains a critical economic problem. To better inform rural policies and interventions, this study co...

Coping Strategies Used by Street Children in the Event of Illness

"This study examined the health seeking behaviours of street children in three municipal districts of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. The research was carried out in October 2005 and involved 272 street children, aged 10 to 18 years of age. Findings reve...

Local Autonomy and Citizen Participation in Tanzania: From a Local Government Reform Perspective

"This report analyses data on local autonomy and citizen participation from six councils for the period 2000-2004. The following themes are discussed in this report: (a) good governance (b) accountability and transparency of local leaders to the c...

Developing Social Protection in Tanzania within a Context of Generalised Insecurity

"Section II of this document on the research programme for social protection develops the overall conceptual framework and sets out the overall agenda and rationale for this research programme. Section III set forward three research sub themes : p...

Local Governance in Tanzania: Observations from Six Councils 2002-2003

"In this study several political and administrative dimensions of governance are discussed. First is the issue of local government autonomy. Here, an attempt was made to answer the question : to what extent are the local authorities free to make p...

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