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Local Government Finances and Financial Management in Tanzania Empirical Evidence of Trends 2000 - 2007

"The main objective of this paper is to document and analyse the impacts of Tanzanian local government reforms. This paper examines the capacity of local government authorities in Tanzania with respect to financial management and revenue enhanceme...

A Comparative Analysis of Poverty Incidence in Farming Systems of Tanzania

"The principal objective of this research was to determine the poverty incidence in different farming systems in Tanzania. The specific objectives were: To describe the patterns of poverty incidence in relation to farming systems, to quantify farm...

The Tanzanian Energy Sector: The Potential for Job Creation and Productivity Gains Through Expanded Electrification

"The main objective of this study is to provide insights into the dynamic linkages between expansion of the national electricity grid and off-grid alternative/renewable sources of electricity and job growth and productivity. The study also seeks t...

The Impact of Local Government Reforms in Tanzania 1998-2008

"In recent decades, Tanzania has undergone enormous political, social and economic changes. It has moved from being a centrally planned, one party socialist state to a modern, multi party democracy with an open, liberal economy. Tanzania's Local G...

Energy, Jobs and Skills: A Rapid Assessment of Potential in Mtwara, Tanzania

"This study sets out by examining, the growth and labour potential of the energy sector, one of the most promising labour absorbing sectors, and the demand that it is creating for young electricians in Mtwara and beyond. The findings of this study...

Institutional Analysis of Nutrition in Tanzania

"This special paper provides a summary of the situation of nutrition in Tanzania, and an institutional analysis of the principal actors in nutrition nationally and locally. The paper argues the need to focus on prevention on malnutrition by protec...

Maybe We Should Pay Tax After All? Citizens Changing Views on Taxation in Tanzania

"Citizen's unwillingness to pay taxes and fees is considered to be a major obstacle to enhancing government revenues in Tanzania. Based on data from two citizen surveys conducted in six councils in Tanzania during 2003 and 2006, this paper aims to...

Influencing Policy for Children in Tanzania : Lessons From Education, Legislation and Social Protection

"The central concern of this paper is to identify the best systems and mechanisms to enable support for children, especially the most vulnerable children, given limited resources and capacity constraints. While the issues remain complex, an examin...

Service Delivery in Tanzania: Findings from Six Councils 2000-2003

"This report analyses data on service delivery and poverty alleviation from 2000 to 2003. The emphasis is on describing the situation at a certain point in time, in line with a baseline approach. However, much of the description is based on citize...

Widowhood and Vulnerability to HIV and AIDS Related Shocks Exploring Resilience Avenues

"This study explored the contexts under which violation of the inheritance and property rights of widows and orphans occurs and resilience avenues for safeguarding these rights. Protecting vulnerable individuals and groups in society is both a mor...

Outsourcing Revenue Collection to Private Agents: Experiences from Local Authorities in Tanzania

"Many local government authorities in Tanzania have reformed their tax collection systems in recent years in order to increase their revenue. This paper examines experiences with outsourced revenue collection of some local authorities in Tanzania....

The Growth - Poverty Nexus in Tanzania From a Developmental Perspective

"This research project is about gaining a better understanding of growth experiences in Tanzania - past and present - and their implications for the dynamics of poverty. Its focus is on coming to grips with processes of structural transformation a...

Access to Family Planning Services in Rural Tanzania

The study concluded that family planning services are generally available. However, the range of options available to users at the primary healthcare level tends to be limited, which limits the ability of users to switch methods. The proper manage...

The Impact of Large Scale Mining on the Livelihoods of Adjacent Communities : The Case of Geita Gold Mine, Tanzania

The contribution of Geita Gold Mine (GGM) to the livelihoods of local communities in Geita District was assessed in this study. It specifically assessed the effectiveness of corporate social responsibility implementation, determined the extent to...

The Role and Effectiveness of Special Economic Zones in Tanzania

The role and effectiveness of state-owned Export Processing Zones (EPZ) and Special Economic Zones (SEZ) in Tanzania is examined in this paper. Tanzania's objective is to become a middle income, semi-industrialized nation by 2025. Industrializati...

Structural Barriers, Constraints and Urban Youth Employment : The Case of Ilala Municipality Dar Es Salaam

"The study is significant in that it sheds light on what can be done to increase the prospects for expanding urban youth employment. It contributes to understanding and developing strategies to remove constraints facing this occupational sub-secto...

Socio-Economic Factors Limiting Smallholder Groundnut Production in Tabora Region

"Groundnut is among the most important crops for smallholder farmers in Tanzania, providing both food and income for households. Groundnut is a nutritious source of fats, protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals for human consumption and part...

The Effect of Boards on the Performance of Microfinance Institutions : Evidence from Tanzania and Kenya

"Although microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the most prominent providers of financial services to low-income people, their economic and social performance is subject to debate. How MFIs are governed is likely to affect their efficiency, outreac...

Supporting Tanzania's Cocoa Farmers

"The study team found that cocoa was playing a major role in improving livelihoods and reducing poverty in the district, and was contributing more to household income than any other crop. Households in higher producing cocoa areas were demonstrabl...

The Invisibility of Wage Employment in Statistics on the Informal Economy in Africa : Causes and Consequences

"Through a Tanzanian case study, this paper challenges the claim, along with the statistics that support it, that self-employment is the dominant employment status in the informal economy. The paper begins by reviewing key insights from relevant l...

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