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The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban unem…

The Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Farmer Welfare in Uganda and Tanzania

Accounting for 75% of the labor force, 43% of GDP and 60% of exports in East African states, the agricultural sector is arguably the most important engine for achieving economic growth, development, job creation, and poverty reduction in East Afri…

Monetary and Multidimensional Child Poverty: Why they Differ

We investigate the effect of parental education on the concordance/discordance between monetary and multidimensional child poverty. First, in a simple model of parental investment in child outcomes, we demonstrate that the misalignment between ho…

Economy-wide Impacts of Technological Change in Food Staples in Ethiopia: A Macro-micro Approach

This paper assesses the potential impacts from the introduction of high yielding and drought tolerant varieties of major food staples (wheat and maize) in Ethiopia. We develop a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model with a micro-simulation …

Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Welfare Distribution in Sub-Saharan Africa

The results of this study indicate that improving agricultural productivity by encouraging productivity enhancing investments amongst smallholders can improve rural welfare and livelihoods. However, while agricultural productivity can improve the ov…

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Wellbeing in Senegal

The results of this study indicate that the Senegalese economy faces problems due to lower profits linked to a lack of competitiveness in many of the country’s economic sectors. As such, the research team strongly recommends that support policies be…

Togolese Informal Sector Workers' Willingness to Pay for Access to Social Protection: The Case Study of CNSS

In Togo, around 58.7 percent of the population live below the poverty line. Poor families cannot afford to pay for some of the basic services making them vulnerable to social risks. These risks such as old age, death in the family, and disabling acc…

Resource Allocation across Industrial Sectors, Growth, Poverty, and Income Inequality in Ethiopia: A Macro-Micro Approach

Ethiopia has endorsed a Growth and Transformation Plan intended to transform the manufacturing sector through the construction of industrial parks that target priority industries such as textiles and garments, leather and leather products, sugar, …

Promoting Mobile Money Use through Training and Text-messages in Malawi

The financial inclusion rate in Malawi is low. In 2017, only 34% of adults had a bank account and only 21% had activated a mobile-money account. In low-income countries like Malawi, mobile money is increasingly promoted as a strategy to increase fin…

Promouvoir la Centrale à Biomasse: Une Solution à L’autonomisation de la Femme Rurale en Côte d’Ivoire. / Promoting the Biomass Power Plant: A Solution to the Empowerment of Rural Women in Côte d'Ivoire.

Despite the performance of the national economy, with an average annual growth rate of 7%, the level of poverty remains still high in Côte d'Ivoire, particularly among women, whose poverty rate is 47.4% compared to 45.5% for men. The situation is ev…

Boost Growth and Gender Equality in South Africa Through Rural Development Investment

The population of South Africa faces the triple challenges of high levels of inequality, unemployment and poverty, with those living in rural areas and women being the most affected. The need for rural development as a strategy to improve the socio-…

Reducing Rural Poverty and Gender Disparities in Togo's Agricultural Industry

The agricultural sector has a predominant role in the Togolese economy. It contributes about 38% to the real GDP and employs 40.7% of the total workforce. Despite this, levels of poverty were higher among households headed by farmers in 2015. Povert…

Implementation of CBMS in Bukoba Municipality and Muleba District

The review of existing related-monitoring systems, decentralization policies and administration structures at the local level which was conducted by Muro et al (2006) aimed for the development of a comprehensive Municipal information system, that co…

A Profile of Sustainable Development Goals in Gikindu Location, Murang'a County, Kenya

Since the adoption of the SDGs, Kenya has made great advances in placing the country on a firm implementation path (Repuplic of Kenya, 2017) Inadequate data however continues to be a challenge in assessing progress of SDG implementation. The main ob…

Localizing Sustainable Development Goals in Ghana using a CBMS

The important role of regional and local governments in the successful implementation of the sustainable development goals (SDGs) has been widely recognized. Having recognized the important role of local governance in the implementation of the SDGs,…

Does Addressing Gender Inequalities and Empowering Women Improve Development Program Outcomes? The Case of the "Cassava: Adding Value for Africa" Project in Ghana

We surveyed twenty communities and 2,716 households in the Atebubu-Amantin District, Ghana, using a Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) to assess the effect of the “Cassava: Adding Value for Africa” project. We incorporated questions on gende…

Using a Community-Based Monitoring System (CBMS) to Investigate Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals in Ethiopia: Gobessa Town, Mitana Gado Kebele (Shirka Wereda), and Wereda 10 (Addis Ababa)

We report on progress in meeting Sustainable Development Goals in three selected sites in Ethiopia: Gobessa Town and Mitana Gado Kebele (in Shirka Wereda) and Wereda 10 (Addis Ababa), comprising a sample of about 5,108 households and a total popul…

Impacts of COVID-19 on Food Security: Panel Data Evidence from Nigeria

This paper combines pre-pandemic face-to-face survey data with follow up phone surveys collected in April-May 2020 to quantify the overall and differential impacts of COVID-19 on household food security, labor market participation and local food pri…

Sustainable Development Goals, Botswana: A Case Study of Gabane Village in Kweneng District

The main objective of the research paper was to use the Community Based Monitoring System (CBMS) methodology to determine progress on achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with a view of localising SDGs to Gabane village. Generally, th…

Poor Access to Food, Education, Electricity: Key Factors of Poverty in Gabane, Botswana

Poverty in Gabane - a village in Kweneng District of Botswana - remains high, despite an overall decline. The poorest parts of the population are vulnerable groups, i.e. women and girls, the unemployed, young people and people who are disabled. Whil…

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