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Chute du Cours de L'or, recettes fiscales et emplois: quelle stratégie d'adaptation pour le Burkina Faso? / Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

This working Paper is also available in English. Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy ha…

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium (…

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ar…

Beyond Technical Skills Training: The Impact of Credit Counselling on Entrepreneurial Behavior of Ugandan Youth

There is a low financial credit take among youth in Uganda because potential beneficiaries perceive the associated risk as high. This study assesses the determinants of entrepreneurial risk tolerance among Ugandan youth using experimental data fro…

Migration, Remittances, Labor Market and Human Capital in Senegal

This study investigates how migration and remittances affect labour market participation in Senegal. Further, it examines the effect of remittances on human capital development. The results reveal that migration and remittances reduce labour marke…

The Role of Unions in Improving Working Conditions in Ghana

The results of this study indicate that formalization policies could improve employment quality among informal sector workers. Awareness of statutory benefits (which leads to improved access) is higher among unionized workers, it is therefore impo…

Togolese Informal Sector Workers' Willingness to Pay for Access to Social Protection: The Case Study of CNSS

In Togo, around 58.7 percent of the population live below the poverty line. Poor families cannot afford to pay for some of the basic services making them vulnerable to social risks. These risks such as old age, death in the family, and disabling acc…

Le Rôle des Investissements Publics sur L'emploi des Femmes Sénégalaises Dans un Contexte de Libéralisation Commerciale / The Role of Public Investment in Employing Senegalese Women in the Context of Trade Liberalisation

In the spirit of recent work on the gender effects of trade liberalisation, this paper explores the impact of the implementation of the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between West Africa and the European Union on women's employment in Senega…

L’impact du Covid-19 sur L’économie Sénégalaise: Une Perspective de Genre / The Impact of COVID-19 on the Senegalese Economy: A Gender Perspective

Like other African countries, Senegal has been hit by Covid-19 and has put in place measures to contain the epidemic. These measures impact men and women differently. To capture their effects on women's work, we use a computable general equilibrium …

Politiques Publiques et File D’attente sur le Marché du Travail au Sénégal / Public Policies and Waiting in the Senegalese Labour Market

The implementation of the Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE) has resulted in a relatively small increase in employment among women and skilled workers, leading to a longer duration in the job queue for the latter. In addition, the COVID-19 crisis has furth…

Les Politiques de Discrimination Positive, un Tremplin Pour L’emploi des Femmes et des Jeunes / Affirmative Action Policies as a Stepping Stone to Employment for Women and Young People

The first phase of the Plan Sénégal Émergent (PSE) raised the real GDP growth rate to 6.6% between 2014 and 2018. However, despite this favourable economic environment, the situation of young people and women in the Senegalese labour market is worry…

Skills Training and Business Outcomes: Experimental Evidence from Liberia

This paper explores whether skills training in business performance and customer practices was a promising way to increase business outcomes among self-employed workers who operate small businesses in developing countries. We randomized training i…

Can Urbanization Improve Household Welfare? Evidence from Ethiopia

Despite evolving evidence that Africa is experiencing urbanization in a different way, empirical evaluations of the welfare implications of urban-development programs in Africa remain scant. We investigated the welfare implications of recent urbaniz…

Improving Job Matching for Zambia's Youth

To measure educational mismatch, the research team analysed nationally-representative cross-sectional survey data from the 2014 School to Work Transition Survey (STWTS) for youth aged 15 to 29. The team examined whether there are differences between…

Wage Subsidies can Encourage Women's Formal Employment in Zambia

Despite the challenges of running budget deficits and the negative effects that a wage subsidy may have on government revenues, a wage subsidy can result in positive effects in the economy if it is carefully implemented and introduced directly in th…

Civil War and Labor-Market Outcomes in Sierra Leone

This paper provides evidences of the lasting effects conflict exposure during different stages of life on the long-term labor-market outcomes of civilians in Sierra Leone. We took advantage of variations in time and location of the conflict and used…

How a Production Subsidy can Boost Nigeria's Renewable Energy Sector, Growth and Employment

Despite Nigeria’s status as a major global energy producer, access to electricity is severely limited and much of the country’s population is energy poor. A lack of reliable electricity forces homes and businesses to rely on non-ecofriendly privat…

Exposed to Civil War as Children, Sierra Leone's Young Adults Suffer in the Labour Market

The violent civil conflict in Sierra Leone that lasted from 1991 to 2002 destroyed most of the country’s social, economic, and physical infrastructures. By the end of the war, almost half the country’s population was displaced (2.1 million people), …

"Working while Studying" and Educational Mismatching among Youth: Evidence from Zambia

This paper analyzed the effect of working while studying in college and university on educational mismatching in the Zambian labor market. The study used the 2014 School to Work Transition Survey data and estimated a range of extended ordered probit…

Can a Wage Subsidy be Used to Improve Women's Formal Employment in Zambia?

The number of women employed in the Zambian formal sector is small, which has likely played a role in the low level of women’s empowerment in the country. As a result, the government of Zambia is willing to adopt policies that can positively contrib…

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