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Impact of Credit Counseling on the Entrepreneurial Behavior of Ugandan Youth

Uganda’s population is one of the youngest and most rapidly growing in the world with more than half under the age of 15, and three-quarters of the population under 30. Unemployment continues to pose a serious challenge in the country, particularly…

Patterns of Labor Productivity and Income Diversification in the Rural Farm and Non-farm Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa

In many sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, high population growth in rural areas has reduced farm sizes and encouraged growth in non-farm employment and income sources with the aim of improving rural incomes. As agricultural productivity grows, …

Migration, Remittances, Labour Market and Human Development in Senegal

Ce titre est également disponible en français: Migration, transferts d’argent, marché du travail et capital humain au Sénégal. The objective of this study is therefore to understand how migration and remittances may affect labour market participat…

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being the …

Abstruse Business Registration Process impeding Youth Entrepreneurship; A Case of Katakwi District

Youth unemployment remains a serious growing and critical policy challenge in Africa and at global level. It is reported that in 2013, youth (aged 15 to 24) in sub-Saharan Africa were twice as likely to be unemployed compared to any other age cohort…

Internal Mobility and Youth Entrepreneurship in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

This paper highlights the relationship between the mobility of young people in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and their involvement in entrepreneurship. Despite the destruction of transport infrastructure during the long period of war, the D…

Mobilité interne et entrepreneuriat des jeunes en République démocratique du Congo

This paper underlines the relationship between the mobility of young people in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and their involvement in entrepreneurship. Despite the destruction of transport infrastructure during the long period of war, the D…

Impact of Mining and Oil Boom on the Labour Market and Economic Development in Niger

This paper analyzes the impacts of mining and petroleum sector expansion on economic growth and the labour market through allocation policies. We use a static CGE (computable general equilibrium) model based on PEP 1-1 with some modifications. The…

Impact de l’essor minier et pétrolier sur le marché du travail et développement économique au Niger

This paper analyzes the impact of mining and oil sectors expansion on economic growth and labor market through allocation policies. We use a static CGE (Computable General Equilibrium) model based on PEP 1-1 with some modifications. The results sh…

Migration interne et entreprenariat des jeunes en République démocratique du Congo / Internal migration and youth entrepreneurship in the Democratic Republic of Congo

In this study, a team of local researchers highlighted the link between high mobility of young people in the DRC and their commitment to entrepreneurship. This study aims to access the impact of internal migration on the propensity of young people t…

Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Youth Unemployed: Evidence from Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

This research paper is on youth employment and entrepreneurship. It investigates a total of 3,591 youths in two different geographical areas of Ethiopia, i.e., central and eastern. In doing so, it has taken three specific villages: Melka Jebdu and G…

Libéralisation, investissements publics, et emploi des femmes au Sénégal / Liberalization, public investment, and the employment of women in Senegal

It is widely recognized that women's empowerment requires access to employment. However, the gender dimension is rarely taken into account in trade negotiations. Sectors that employ more women in Sub-Saharan countries are generally the least competi…

The Impact of Fiscal Policy on Income Distribution in Tanzania: A Computable General Equilibrium Analysis

The Tanzanian government has established a goal to transform the country into a middle-income and semi-industrialized state by 2025. To promote this transformation, the government exempted the Value Added Tax on capital commodities in FY 2017-2018…

Impact of Credit and Training on Enterprise Performance: Evidence from Urban Ethiopia

This study evaluates the impact of business-development-support programs (credit, training, and a combination of both) on the performance of micro- and small enterprises (MSEs) in Ethiopia. Using 2015 Ethiopian urban survey data and employing endo…

The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ra…

Peer Effects and Risk-taking among Entrepreneurs: Lab-in-the-Field Evidence

We study how social interactions influence entrepreneurs' attitudes toward risk. We conduct two risk-taking experiments with young Ugandan entrepreneurs. Between the two experiments, the entrepreneurs participate in a networking activity where the…

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at the …

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector t…

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The s…

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban unem…

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