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Locus of Control and Technology Adoption in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

Despite substantial government investment to promote modern agricultural technologies - to improve yields and food security - the adoption rates of these technologies remain low in many African countries. This study analyzes two datasets (Ethiopi…

Does Gender Matter in Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies? A Case of Push-Pull Technology in Kenya

Agriculture plays a central economic role in most sub-Saharan African countries, generating an average of 33% of GDP and employing, on average, 65% of the labor force. Most of the agricultural labor force in the region is supplied by women, who ar…

The Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Farmer Welfare in Uganda and Tanzania

Accounting for 75% of the labor force, 43% of GDP and 60% of exports in East African states, the agricultural sector is arguably the most important engine for achieving economic growth, development, job creation, and poverty reduction in East Afri…

Economy-wide Impacts of Technological Change in Food Staples in Ethiopia: A Macro-micro Approach

This paper assesses the potential impacts from the introduction of high yielding and drought tolerant varieties of major food staples (wheat and maize) in Ethiopia. We develop a dynamic Computable General Equilibrium model with a micro-simulation …

Economy-wide Impacts of Promising Maize and Wheat Technologies on Food Security and Welfare in Kenya

A recursive dynamic economy-wide model incorporating productivity changes due to the introduction of promising maize and wheat varieties evaluates foresights for future food security, well-being and economic performance in Kenya. Adoption of promi…

Chinese Investments: A Blessing for the Central African Economy? / Les investissements chinois, une aubaine pour l’économie centrafricaine?

China recently decided to invest $15 billion CFA francs in the Central African Republic to develop the cotton sector from the crop to the ginning and textiles industries. We analyze the economic impacts of such investment on the Central African Re…

Agricultural Productivity and Rural Household Welfare Distribution in Sub-Saharan Africa

The results of this study indicate that improving agricultural productivity by encouraging productivity enhancing investments amongst smallholders can improve rural welfare and livelihoods. However, while agricultural productivity can improve the ov…

Avocado Contract Farming in Kenya: Does it Work?

Avocado demand continues to grow locally and globally. Kenya’s export supply is also growing but progress is slow. The international boom in demand coincides with changes to the structure of the international fresh produce market reflecting a move f…

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

Agricultural households in Niger face constraints that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. A rural exodus is also resulting from a lack of formal and decent wage employment. The way to enhance agricultural production and…

Can Off-farm Participation Improve Agricultural Production and Farmer Welfare in Tanzania and Uganda?

The findings suggest that, rather than being a complement to agricultural production, off-farm participation acts as a substitute. Although it competes with and diminishes agricultural production, it can improve household welfare. Over time, the cha…

Réformes Agricoles, Emploi et Réduction de la Pauvreté au Niger / Agricultural Reforms, Employment and Poverty Reduction in Niger

Better use of surface water for agricultural purposes would contribute to achieving the "Zero Hunger" objective of the 3N Initiative by increasing the production, and therefore the availability, of agricultural products at the local level, job crea…

Réformes Agricoles, Emploi et Réduction de la Pauvreté: Une Analyse en Équilibre Général Dynamique / Agricultural Reforms, Employment and Poverty reduction: A Dynamic General Equilibrium Analysis

Niger aims to mobilize and leverage water resources to meet its irrigation water needs. This study evaluates the impact of large-scale water mobilization on macroenomic aggregates: agricultural production, employment, household income, and poverty…

Implications of the Fertilizer-Subsidy Programme on Income Growth, Productivity and Employment in Ghana

We examined the economy-wide impact of a fertilizer-subsidy programme in Ghana with a focus on agricultural-sector productivity, overall economic growth, employment, and welfare. We adopted a modified version of the standard PEP-1-t model. Our resul…

A Pathway to Adoption of Yield-enhancing Agricultural Technologies among the Rural Poor: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial in Benin

We tested a novel way of encouraging the adoption of improved maize seeds in Benin. In the treatment group, farmers were provided with intensive agricultural-extension support and a full package of inputs to test on one of their plots. In the contr…

Reducing Rural Poverty and Gender Disparities in Togo's Agricultural Industry

The agricultural sector has a predominant role in the Togolese economy. It contributes about 38% to the real GDP and employs 40.7% of the total workforce. Despite this, levels of poverty were higher among households headed by farmers in 2015. Povert…

Agricultural Investments, Labor Productivity, and Rural Poverty Reduction: Gender Disparities in Togo

Despite the crucial role of agriculture in economic development, the impact of investments in this sector remains little known, and information that could inform policy and encourage further investments for rural poverty reduction is scarce. We asse…

Innovating Agricultural Extension Services to Increase Maize Production and Reduce Food Insecurity in Benin

Despite agriculture being the most important sector, food insecurity is a problem facing many in Benin. Increasing food prices since the 2008 financial crisis and extreme climate events – including droughts and floods – since 2010 have led to food s…

The Dynamics and Role of Gender in High-value Avocado Farming in Kenya

We used two-waves panel data obtained from avocado growers in Murang’a County in Kenya to examine, through the perspective of gender, the dynamics of farmers’ participation in avocado production and marketing organizations (PMOs), and test whether u…

Increasing Women's Access to Farm Land to Improve Food Security, Productivity and Welfare in Nigeria

Nigeria’s agricultural production is unable to keep up with its population growth, threatening food security in the country. Women’s low participation and contribution to the agricultural sector have been cited as part of the reason for the sector’s…

Improving Gender Equity in Malawi's Input Subsidies

Women in Malawi have historically been marginalized from income-generating economic activities, despite making up more than 70% of the agricultural labour force and being central to sustaining their households’ livelihoods. Post-marriage settlement …

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