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The Effects of Minimum Wages on the Labor Market and Income Distribution in Kenya: A CGE Analysis

In Kenya, there has been increased debate on the impact of minimum wage increases and pay disparities between sectors. Long-term differences in earnings across sectors and different regions (urban and rural) are reflected through higher poverty ...

Peer Effects and Risk-taking among Entrepreneurs: Lab-in-the-Field Evidence

We study how social interactions influence entrepreneurs' attitudes toward risk. We conduct two risk-taking experiments with young Ugandan entrepreneurs. Between the two experiments, the entrepreneurs participate in a networking activity where t...

The Major Bottlenecks of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises' Growth in Ethiopia: An Econometric Analysis

Development of Micro and Small enterprises (MSEs) is one mechanism for alleviating unemployment, especially for women. Ethiopia has developed policy as part of the Growth Transformation and Plan (GTP) to develop MSEs to generate employment at th...

The Role of Micro and Small Scale Enterprises in the Ethiopian Economy, Government Intervention and Alternative Strategies: A CGE Analysis

Given the fact that Micro and Small scale enterprises (MSEs) are high on the Ethiopian government’s agenda for mid-term growth and transformation plan (GTP), this study aims to investigate the major contributions and the potential of this sector...

Gold Exploitation and Socioeconomic Outcomes: The Case of Burkina Faso

This paper investigates how the gold boom that started in 2007 has affected socioeconomic outcomes in Burkina Faso. A simple theoretical model was developed to show the expected impacts, and these were validated by an empirical analysis. Result...

Agricultural Transformation in Senegal: Impacts of an Integrated Program

This paper evaluates the impact of an agriculture transformation program on poverty, migration, food security and agricultural revenue. We used Inverse Propensity Score Matching (IPSM) techniques, to correct the selection bias arising from the n...

An Empirical Assessment of the Union 'Facilitation Effect' in the Ghanaian Labor Market

Workers effective access to mandatory non-wage benefits is key to achieving decent working conditions in the Ghanaian labor market. Thus, this paper investigates the effects of union presence on workers’ reported access to non-wage benefits. The...

The Impact of Oil Exploitation on Wellbeing in Chad

This study assesses the impact of oil revenues on wellbeing in Chad using data from the two last Chad Household Consumption and Informal Sector Surveys (ECOSIT 2 & 3), conducted in 2003 and 2011, respectively, by the National Institute of Statis...

Strengthening Social Protection in the Informal Sector through CBMS: Case of the Communes of Diébougou (Province of Bougouriba), Koper (Province of Ioba) and To (Province of Sissili)

Burkina Faso has experienced the implementation of several social safety net programs to promote access to basic social services and employment of disadvantaged social strata, and to reduce the effects of exogenous shocks. These programs are base...

Locus of Control and Technology Adoption in Africa: Evidence from Ethiopia

Despite substantial government investment to promote modern agricultural technologies - to improve yields and food security - the adoption rates of these technologies remain low in many African countries. This study analyzes two datasets (Ethio...

The Impact of an Unconditional Non-Contributory Cash Transfer Scheme on the Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Nigeria’s elderly population (65 and older) increased by 5.4 million between the end of the civil war in 1970 and 2010. It is projected to reach 11 million by 2025. An aging population is problematic because, in a country with a large informal se...

Does Gender Matter in Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies? A Case of Push-Pull Technology in Kenya

Agriculture plays a central economic role in most sub-Saharan African countries, generating an average of 33% of GDP and employing, on average, 65% of the labor force. Most of the agricultural labor force in the region is supplied by women, who ...

Do Safety Net Transfers Improve Household Diets and Reduce Undernutrition? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

An estimated 31.6 million people in Ethiopia are undernourished indicating a serious food shortage problem in the country. Ethiopia’s food production is extremely vulnerable to adverse weather conditions as the economy is dependent upon rain-fed ...

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban un...

The Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Farmer Welfare in Uganda and Tanzania

Accounting for 75% of the labor force, 43% of GDP and 60% of exports in East African states, the agricultural sector is arguably the most important engine for achieving economic growth, development, job creation, and poverty reduction in East Af...

Monetary and Multidimensional Child Poverty: Why they Differ

We investigate the effect of parental education on the concordance/discordance between monetary and multidimensional child poverty. First, in a simple model of parental investment in child outcomes, we demonstrate that the misalignment between ...

Chute du Cours de L'or, recettes fiscales et emplois: quelle stratégie d'adaptation pour le Burkina Faso? / Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

This working Paper is also available in English. Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy ...

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium...

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. Th...

L'Impact des réformes commerciales sur l'emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDAO: Le cas du Sénégal / The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

This publication is also available in English. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. The analysis is conducted using the PEP- 1-1 model, which...

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