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Challenges and Prospects of Entrepreneurship Development and Job Creation for Unemployed Youth: Evidence from Addis Ababa and DireDawa City Administrations, Ethiopia

Almost 90 percent of the world’s youth are residents in countries where they can hardly access adequate education, capital, paid employment and health services. As the size of the younger population in Africa steadily swells to account to being th...

Avocado Contract Farming in Kenya: Does it Work?

Avocado demand continues to grow locally and globally. Kenya’s export supply is also growing but progress is slow. The international boom in demand coincides with changes to the structure of the international fresh produce market reflecting a move...

The Booming Peruvian Avocado Sector: Lessons for Kenya

The Peruvian experience highlights the importance of public interventions to develop the value chain. In this case, the agro-export boom was preceded by policies to encourage private large-scale actors. These private enterprises led to the ident...

The Impact of an Unconditional Non-Contributory Cash Transfer Scheme on the Wellbeing of the Elderly in Ekiti State, Nigeria

Nigeria’s elderly population (65 and older) increased by 5.4 million between the end of the civil war in 1970 and 2010. It is projected to reach 11 million by 2025. An aging population is problematic because, in a country with a large informal se...

Does Gender Matter in Adoption of Sustainable Agricultural Technologies? A Case of Push-Pull Technology in Kenya

Agriculture plays a central economic role in most sub-Saharan African countries, generating an average of 33% of GDP and employing, on average, 65% of the labor force. Most of the agricultural labor force in the region is supplied by women, who ...

Do Safety Net Transfers Improve Household Diets and Reduce Undernutrition? Evidence from Rural Ethiopia

An estimated 31.6 million people in Ethiopia are undernourished indicating a serious food shortage problem in the country. Ethiopia’s food production is extremely vulnerable to adverse weather conditions as the economy is dependent upon rain-fed ...

The Role of Micro and Small Enterprises in Reducing Unemployment and Poverty in Ethiopia

Despite the country’s success in economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade, income inequality and unemployment remain formidable challenges in Ethiopia. According to the 2014 Central Statistics Authority report, average urban un...

The Impact of Agricultural Technology Adoption on Farmer Welfare in Uganda and Tanzania

Accounting for 75% of the labor force, 43% of GDP and 60% of exports in East African states, the agricultural sector is arguably the most important engine for achieving economic growth, development, job creation, and poverty reduction in East Af...

Monetary and Multidimensional Child Poverty: Why they Differ

We investigate the effect of parental education on the concordance/discordance between monetary and multidimensional child poverty. First, in a simple model of parental investment in child outcomes, we demonstrate that the misalignment between ...

Chute du Cours de L'or, recettes fiscales et emplois: quelle stratégie d'adaptation pour le Burkina Faso? / Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

This working Paper is also available in English. Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy ...

Decline in Gold Prices, Tax Receipts and Employment: Which Adaptation Strategy for Burkina Faso?

Since 2007, Burkina Faso’s mining sector has been growing quickly, with gold replacing cotton as its biggest export. However, the decline in gold prices since 2012 has hit the Burkinabe economy hard. Using a static calculable general equilibrium...

The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

Disponible en français: L’impact des réformes commerciales sur l’emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDEAO Le cas du Sénégal. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the EPA on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. Th...

L'Impact des réformes commerciales sur l'emploi et le bien-être dans les pays de la CEDAO: Le cas du Sénégal / The Impact of Trade Reforms on Employment and Welfare in ECOWAS Countries: The Case of Senegal

This publication is also available in English. This study evaluates the impact of the ECOWAS-CET and the Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) on youth employment and on welfare in Senegal. The analysis is conducted using the PEP- 1-1 model, which...

Poverty Profile of Muthithi Location, Murang'a County

“Community-based monitoring system (CBMS) is an organized process of data collection and processing at the local level for use in local planning, program implementation and impactmonitoring by the local government, national government agencies, ...

Spillovers from Off-farm Self-employment Opportunities in Rural Niger

Agricultural households in Niger face constraints that may hinder agricultural production and threaten food security. A rural exodus is also resulting from a lack of formal and decent wage employment. The way to enhance agricultural production a...

Impact of Fiscal and Employment Policies on the Informal Sector in Cameroon /Impact des politiques fiscales et d’emploi sur le secteur informel et la pauvreté au Cameroun

This study examines the relationship between the informal economy and the formal economy by undertaking to answer the following question: what is the impact of tax and employment policies on the informal economy and poverty in Cameroon? To achie...

Macroeconomics Implications of Female Entrepreneurs Facing Financial Frictions to Access to Credit: A DSGE Model Approach in Cameroon

This research assesses the effects of financial frictions faced by female entrepreneurs on macroeconomics performances in Cameroon. We address this important issue, using a Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium model with financial micro-founda...

The Impact of a Rural Microcredit Scheme Targeting Women on Household Vulnerability and Empowerment: Evidence from South West Nigeria

The rapid expansion of microcredit in recent years is informed by the belief that removal of constraints to credit access facing the poor, particularly women, through microcredit can improve their well-being and ultimately help them out of pover...

Minimum Wage Raises Contribute to Rural-Urban Inequality in Kenya

The results of this study indicate that minimum wage changes can have a significant effect of inequality. Applying a uniform minimum wage in urban and rural areas would not only be impractical due to the diversity of employment sectors in the two ...

Beyond Technical Skills Training: The Impact of Credit Counselling on Entrepreneurial Behavior of Ugandan Youth

There is a low financial credit take among youth in Uganda because potential beneficiaries perceive the associated risk as high. This study assesses the determinants of entrepreneurial risk tolerance among Ugandan youth using experimental data f...

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