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Conflict-Prone Minerals in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

There is an abundance of natural resources situated in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, including high-valued minerals such as tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold, which are important components of everyday products like cell phones, iPods, refrigerat…

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

The smuggling of diamonds is investigated in this report, specifically from the Central African Republic into Cameroon. The focus is also on the impact that this illicit trade has on Cameroon’s internal controls as well as the broader integrity of t…

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal gol…

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector i…

Best Practices: Formalization and Due Diligence in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining

This paper introduces various formalization and due diligence efforts within the ASM sector. We provide a general overview and explore examples of three countries—looking at the positive and negative impacts of these processes— to provide key lesson…

Unlock the Value of Data in Your Supply Chain

We are combining Consensas’ groundbreaking technology with IMPACT’s in-depth experience to transform how natural resources are managed in areas where security and human rights are at risk. We are creating a solution that allows companies to confi…

Just Gold: Bringing Responsible and Conflict Free Gold from Artisanal Mines to International Markets

IMPACT works with miners, traders, and exporters to create incentives for legal sales and provides capacity building to implement the traceability and due diligence required by the Just Gold project, in alignment with regional and international stan…

AGC-PAC Field Report: Technical Intervention Assessment PAC ASM Gold Project (PPA)

"The Artisanal Gold Council (AGC) was contracted by PAC to help with their gold project in the DRC with the aim of helping create incentives for artisanal miners to produce gold responsibly and to sell it through a legal transparent supply chain ul…

Responsible Sourcing of Artisanal Gold in Eastern DRC: Pilot Status and Planning

"This report is the second in an on-going series detailing progress in our pilot project aimed at certifying and exporting conflict-free artisanal gold from the Eastern DRC. Key elements of this report detail the results of the site selection and re…

Tracking, Certifying, and Exporting Artisanal Gold from Eastern DRC

"This project aims to formalise and register artisanal gold producers in Orientale province, where the bulk of the DRC’s gold is produced. By linking artisanal producers with buyers in a closed pipe chain, the project will create a fully transparent…

Conflict-Prone Minerals in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

"The Great Lakes Region of Africa is abundant in natural resources, including high-valued minerals. For decades these minerals have been used by artisanal miners in the Great Lakes Region of Africa as a primary source of income.Over one million ar…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2004

"This first Annual Review of the diamond industry in Angola examines the state of the industry since UN sanctions against UNITA were ended in December 2002. It examines the potential for diamonds to serve as an engine of development rather than war.…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of Congo 2004

"This Review demonstrates some of problems in tracking simple things like the ownership of diamond firms operating in the DRC. When a corporate ownership trail leads from the DRC to Montreal, Panama and then to Israel, and when even simple quest…

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2004

"It is now two years since Sierra Leone’s war formally ended. Fuelled largely by diamonds and corruption – the two were very closely linked – the decade-long conflict drew much-needed international attention to the processes of diamond mining and tr…

All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent con…

Chain of Custody Tracking Baseline Evaluation Rwanda

"This Baseline Evaluation assesses the tracking mechanisms deployed on three Rwandese supply chains: Chain of Custody 1: Rutongo Mines to Phoenix Metal Export (who has partially deployed the Met Trak tracking system, as well as the ITSCI system); C…

The MetTrak System at Rutongo: A Preliminary Assessment

"This report is a preliminary evaluation conducted by Partnership Africa Canada of a new digital tracking technology for conflict minerals currently operational at the Rutongo Mines site in Rwanda. This is the first time this technology has been a…

The Heart of the Matter Sierra Leone Diamonds and Human Security

"This study is about how diamonds - small pieces of carbon with no great intrinsic value - have been the cause of widespread death, destruction and misery for almost a decade in the small West African country of Sierra Leone. Through the 1990s, Sier…

Hard Currency : The Criminalized Diamond Economy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and its Neighbours

"This paper describes the recent history of diamonds in Central Africa, and shows what must be done if the potential of diamonds is to be realized, and if their curse is to be laid to rest. The paper takes a regional perspective. The diamond econom…

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American businessme…

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