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All That Glitters is Not Gold: Dubai, Congo, and the Illicit Trade of Conflict Minerals

Gold is considered to be a 'conflict mineral'. In the DRC gold and diamond trade were tainted by conflict financing, tax evasion, corruption and smuggling. This resulted in the illegal trade of gold, huge financial losses for the DRC and violent c...

Artisanal Diamond Cooperatives in Sierra Leone: Success or Failure?

“In 2005, USAID’s Integrated Diamond Management Programme (IDMP) in Sierra Leone experimented with a diamond mining cooperative scheme in order to formalize and rationalize the artisanal sector, and increase local beneficial. Two American business...

Diamonds Without Borders: An Assessment of the Challenges of Implementing and Enforcing the KP Certification Scheme

"In 2010, Israel (the Chair of the KPCS) prioritized strengthening KPCS efforts to combat diamond smuggling. In support of this priority, PAC worked with Israel, Canada and the United States to conduct multi-stakeholder consultations in four West ...

Other Facets no 36

‘The Case for KP Reform: If Not Now, When?’ looks at how lost and directionless for many years, the KP (Kimberley Process) has rightly been criticized of late for coasting on autopilot and deferring any hard action on problems that come its way. ‘...

Other Facets no 35

‘The Kimberley Process Derails Over Zimbabwe - NGOs Walk Out of Kinshasa KP Meeting, Consider Options’ states that for the first time in the Kimberley Process’s almost decade-long life span, civil society not only walked out of a meeting, but expr...

Other Facets no 34

‘New mineral certification scheme launched’ shows that as the navel grazing and vacillation over Zimbabwe has shown a range of new mineral certification and conflict prevention initiatives are rapidly overtaking the KP – in thought and substance. ...

Other Facets no 33

'Limited Marange Exports Agreed to in St. Petersburg’ reports on how a compromise agreement allowing limited exports of diamonds from the Marange region of Zimbabwe was reached by the Kimberley Process during an extraordinary meeting of its Workin...

Other Facets no 32

In ‘Kimberley Process Plenary in Namibia: rearranging the deck chairs?’ Israel was chosen to lead the KP in 2010, with the Democratic Republic of Congo being elected Vice-Chair. The choice of Israel brings the promise that it will champion some re...

Other Facets no 31

“In this special edition of Other Facets marks our 31st edition since April 2001. We are breaking with our regular format to present a special issue in advance of the Seventh Annual Plenary Meeting of the Kimberley Process in Namibia, in November....

Other Facets no 30

‘Zimbabwe: Massacre, smuggling and KP dithering’ talks about how in January, the Kimberley process was urged by NGOs, industry representatives and some governments to deal with reports of an October 2008 massacre of artisanal diamond diggers by th...

Other Facets no 29

In ‘Venezuela Drops Out: The Withdrawal Method’ a large Kimberley Process delegation visited Venezuela to discuss the country’s continued participation in the Kimberley Process. Venezuela, a mid-size diamond producer, has recorded almost no diamon...

Other Facets no 28

In ‘Venezuela Saga Continues’ Venezuela has been a thorn in the side of the Kimberley Process – and the industry it seeks to protect – almost from the beginning. A charter member of the KP from 2003, Venezuela basically stopped reporting on diamon...

Taming the Resource Curse: Implementing the ICGLR Certification Mechanism for Conflict-prone Minerals

"This study deals with the challenges posed by mineral flows that may lack all of the requisite export and sourcing documentation, or that may before or during the process of mining and export financially benefit rebel groups, militias, or militar...

Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Implementing Kimberley process - 5 years on - how effective is the Kimberley Process and what more needs to be done?

"Five years after its creation the Kimberley Process, the international diamond certification scheme, is still having difficulty stopping conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada are urging...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

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