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Contraband Gold in the Great Lakes Region - In Region Cross Border Gold Flows Versus Out-Region Smuggling

The legal and illegal gold flows were examined in this study which takes place within the ICGLR Region and from the ICGLR Region to the United Arab Emirates, the principal import destination for ASM gold from the ICGLR Region. The study found that...

Conflict-Prone Minerals in the Great Lakes Region of Africa

There is an abundance of natural resources situated in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, including high-valued minerals such as tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold, which are important components of everyday products like cell phones, iPods, refriger...

From Conflict to Illicit: Mapping the Diamond Trade from Central African Republic to Cameroon

The smuggling of diamonds is investigated in this report, specifically from the Central African Republic into Cameroon. The focus is also on the impact that this illicit trade has on Cameroon’s internal controls as well as the broader integrity of...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

The analyses in this report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. This report’s scope focuses on the artisanal g...

The West African El Dorado: Mapping the Illicit Trade of Gold in Côte d’Ivoire, Mali and Burkina Faso

This report maps the enforcement and governance challenges, as well as vulnerabilities posed by the illicit trade of gold in West Africa and its impact on regional peace and stability. The scope of this report focuses on the artisanal gold sector...

Chain of Custody Tracking Baseline Evaluation Rwanda

"This Baseline Evaluation assesses the tracking mechanisms deployed on three Rwandese supply chains: Chain of Custody 1: Rutongo Mines to Phoenix Metal Export (who has partially deployed the Met Trak tracking system, as well as the ITSCI system);...

The MetTrak System at Rutongo: A Preliminary Assessment

"This report is a preliminary evaluation conducted by Partnership Africa Canada of a new digital tracking technology for conflict minerals currently operational at the Rutongo Mines site in Rwanda. This is the first time this technology has been ...

Diamonds and Clubs: The Militarized Control of Diamonds and Power in Zimbabwe

"This report makes several other contentions. The first is that what is occurring in the two contested diamond areas — Marange in the eastern province of Manicaland and River Ranch in the south — cannot be seen in isolation. They are inextricably ...

Paddles for Kimberley: An Agenda for Reform

"The Kimberley Process was designed to halt the phenomenon of conflict diamonds and to ensure that it would not recur. In many ways the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme was a remarkable initiative in terms of its originality and scope, and...

Diamonds and Human Security

Excerpt "Starting in 2003, we began to publish standalone Annual Reviews of the Diamond Industry on Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. The Annual Reviews, published in English (all), French (DRC) and Portuguese (Angola)...

Implementing Kimberley process - 5 years on - how effective is the Kimberley Process and what more needs to be done?

"Five years after its creation the Kimberley Process, the international diamond certification scheme, is still having difficulty stopping conflict diamonds from entering the legitimate trade. Global Witness and Partnership Africa Canada are urging...

Killing Kimberley? Conflict Diamonds and Paper Tigers

"This report was written in advance of the November 2006 Kimberley annual meeting in Gaborone Botswana, to help convince governments and industry that change was needed. It worked. The paper, however, remains unchanged for the historical record, w...

Land Grabbing and Land Reform: Diamonds, Rubber and Forests in the New Liberia

"This report, co-published by PAC and Green Advocates in Monrovia, describes Liberia’s timber, rubber and diamond sectors. It lays out what must be done by the Liberian government and civil society, as well as the donor agencies, companies and NGO...

Loupe Holes: Illicit Diamonds in the Kimberley Process

"As the Kimberley Process (KP) rough diamond certification scheme’s sixth year drew to a close at the end of 2008, the trafficking in conflict and illicit stones looked more like a dangerous rule than an exception. In a joint report issued before ...

Zimbabwe Diamonds and the Wrong Side of History

"This report describes the role of diamonds in the Zimbabwean economy and their place in the country's increasingly repressive governance. It describes growing evidence of smuggling, the militarization of diamond resources and the killing of dozen...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2005

"The government of Sierra Leone should tighten airport security to combat smuggling, it should establish a strategic oversight function for diamond sector regulation and enforcement, it should establish a low-cost and strategically targeted system...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Sierra Leone 2006

"That has been the historical problem of the industry. Largely of an alluvial nature, its very high unit value, the ease with which it can be mined — without need for sophisticated processing and transport facilities — its immense attraction to s...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

"2004 was an important year for the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and for its diamond industry. Despite a series of violent flare-ups in Ituri and elsewhere, the coalition government held together, making its way towards the elections of 200...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Democratic Republic of the Congo 2007

"This Annual Review of the Diamond Industry in the DRC is the third produced by Partnership Africa Canada and CENADEP. PAC also produces Annual Reviews of the diamond industries in Sierra Leone and Angola. These three countries suffered great...

Diamond Industry Annual Review: Angola 2005

"The Diamond Industry Annual Review for Angola is one of three diamond industry surveys prepared by Partnership Africa Canada and its partners in Africa. Annual Reviews covering Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo are also bein...

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