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Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards a…

Facing the Challenges of Development in a Post Conflict Transition Select Workshop Papers and Reports Rwanda Chapter 2001 - 2005

"Chapter 1 of this book performs two tasks. The first one is to posit the Rwanda Chapter in the context of Rwanda socio-economic development sphere. It is describing the Rwanda economy and how it has shaped the discourses in Rwanda and Chapter memb…

Health and Health Care in Malawi: Access and Choices

This book consists of papers presented at a workshop in Malawi. The first paper “Making therapeutic choices in African Societies” explores the different factors that determine therapy choice in African societies. In African societies, a range of the…

The Subsistence Crisis in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"We begin in Chapter 1 by a glimpse of the facts and realities of poverty in Ethiopia today in order that the scale and depth of the problem can be better appreciated. This is followed in Chapter 2 by an explanation of the nature of the rural produ…

1) Nature and Magnitude of Land Acquisitions in Tanzania: Analyzing Role of Different Actors Key Trends and Drivers in Land Acquisitions and 2) Land Leasing for Large-Scale Agricultural Investment in Tanzania: Processes, Opportunities and Challenges

"In the past decade, Tanzania, in an effort to achieving higher economic growth and poverty reduction, has been leasing large tracts of land to foreign investors for large-scale agricultural investment. The premise behind this trend is that large-sc…

Political Governance, Conflict Management and Anti-Corruption Policies

"Mauritius is regularly cited as an example of political stability and democracy at both the regional and global level. The Mauritian model has, over the decades, ensured that each component of our complex socio‐cultural fabric is represented at the…

Conflict in the Horn: Prevention and Resolution Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper focuses on understanding and explaining the past and present violent history of conflicts in the Horn to find ways and means of substantially reducing the prevalence of conflict. In short, the objective is to search for an alternative st…

Globalisation and Development in Zambia: Challenges and Prospects. Report of Zambia National Workshop

"The paper explores the ways in which the Zambian state has been transformed under the impact of globalisation and the effect of the transformation on the provision of social services. The central argument of the paper is that Zambia's position in t…

Perspectives on Poverty in Swaziland: Historical and Contemporary Forms. Report of Swaziland National Workshop

"OSSREA and the local organisers chose the theme of poverty for the current workshop because this demonstrated an awareness of serious problems facing, not only Swaziland, but also many countries in the region. The papers presented at the workshop …

Workshop on Poverty and Environment in Uganda. Report of Uganda National Workshop

"The first paper, The Conceptual Framework for Poverty Analysis and Reduction in Zambia, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the s…

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the three …

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their re…

Environmental, Social and Economic Development Issues in Zambia's Third Republic. Report of Zambia National Workshop.

"The first paper argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision.In the second paper on Prediction of Agricultural Production Using Census Data, D…

Household Seasonal Food Insecurity in Oromiya Zone, Ethiopia: Causes

"The main objective of the study is to identify the environmental and socio-economic causes of transitory food insecurity among farm households in Oromiya Zone.The zone under consideration is one of the poorest with respect to the development of rur…

Non-Farm Activities and Production Decision of Farmers

"Rural development, which includes progress both in farm and non-farm activities, seems to be the only hope to bring better days in Ethiopia. Non-farm activities provide not only alternative sources of income and employment for the rural poor but al…

Crossing the Poverty Line: The Density of Sudanese Middle Class Public Sector Employees

"This study is an attempt to highlight the living conditions of the Sudanese middle-class. The middle-class is defined by characteristics other than income. Our definition of the word class is synonymous with what is known as stratum. According to A…

A Comparative Study of the Socio Economic Implications of Rural Women, Men and Mixed Self Help Groups: A Case of Kakamega District

"The focus of the study is to establish the implications of the integrated efforts in self-help movement while considering the long standing women’s associations and their support for households. The study findings have revealed that mixed-sex group…

The Web of Poverty: Women and sugarcane farming in Bokoli Location, Bungoma district, Kenya

"This study set out to analyse the cumulative effect of sugarcane farming on the role of women in food production in Bokoli location. In designing this study, the economic model was found to be useful in ordering and analyzing the data. This model …

Zimbabwe's Current Socio-Economic and Political Situation: Challenges and Prospects

"The papers focused mainly on social, economic, political and cultural aspects, both at national and regional levels. The main issues raised during the workshop include: Inequality among social classes and how polarization of these classes contribut…

Poverty Reduction Initiatives in Tanzania The State of the Arts, Challenges and Prospects

"A total of eighteen papers were presented during the two-day workshop. The papers presented during the workshop were essentially focused on the persistent problem of poverty in Tanzania with the aim of examining poverty reduction initiatives in Tan…

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