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Conflict in the Horn: Prevention and Resolution Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper focuses on understanding and explaining the past and present violent history of conflicts in the Horn to find ways and means of substantially reducing the prevalence of conflict. In short, the objective is to search for an alternative ...

Managing Scarcity : Human Adaptation in East African Drylands

"This paper is based primarily on the findings of the Red Sea Area research Programme (RESAP) and it actually highlights some of those findings. It attempts to trace some of the social changes that occurred among the Beja nomadic communities of t...

Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Ethiopia Report of Ethiopia National Workshop

"This paper has three synthesis. First synthesis: African Philosophy, and within this continent-wide perspective, a second synthesis: the history of Ethiopian Philosophy written in Ge'ez, and together with this second synthesis, the oral expressi...

Globalisation and Development in Zambia: Challenges and Prospects. Report of Zambia National Workshop

"The paper explores the ways in which the Zambian state has been transformed under the impact of globalisation and the effect of the transformation on the provision of social services. The central argument of the paper is that Zambia's position in...

Perspectives on Poverty in Swaziland: Historical and Contemporary Forms. Report of Swaziland National Workshop

"OSSREA and the local organisers chose the theme of poverty for the current workshop because this demonstrated an awareness of serious problems facing, not only Swaziland, but also many countries in the region. The papers presented at the worksho...

The Role of Social Science Research in the Social, Political and Economic Transformation in Kenya Report of Kenya National Workshop

"The first paper by Prof. Khanna of Moi University entitled Scientific and Industrial Research and Development in Kenya contends that scientific and industrial research must progress simultaneously and that industrial research cannot be done witho...

Workshop on Poverty and Environment in Uganda. Report of Uganda National Workshop

"The first paper, The Conceptual Framework for Poverty Analysis and Reduction in Zambia, argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision. In the...

The Development Trap: Militarization, Environmental Degradation and Poverty and Prospects of Military Conversion

"The main aim of this study is to analyze the direct effects of militarization, environmental stress, and poverty on socio-economic development. The novelty of the study stems from its attempt to explore the interlinkages and feedbacks of the thre...

Kenana: A Largescale Sugar Project in the Sudan An Economic Evaluation Commercial and Social Appraisal of the Kenana Sugar Project

"Kenana, on the other hand, possibly the world's largest sugar project, is aimed essentially at export markets and both ownership and management have been organised along different lines. The estate consists of 84,078 acres and the factory is desi...

Structural Adjustment, the Psychological Contract and Discretionary Cooperation of Labour

"The study proposes a model of understanding and ensuring commitment and discretionary cooperation by suggesting that on-going economic activities such as formal employment are essentially social exchange activities whose outcome are never comple...

The Specification and Estimation of a Macroeconometric Model of Botswana

"This paper presents a macroeconometric model of Botswana. The model is specified to capture the supply side of the Botswana's economy and is based on the concepts of the two-gap models as specified by Chenery et al (1962). The special feature of ...

Occasional Papers Series No 1

"The results of this study show that labour scarcity is a constraint to women farmers as there is a lot of work to be done and with the absence of children in school and absentee husbands in wage employments, the women need to hire labour, if they...

Poverty Alleviation in Tanzania. Report of Tanzania National Workshop

"The purpose of the paper is to assess the relevance and limitation of economic measures and indicators in gauging poverty alleviation. Regarding CPIs, which make use of prices and quantities of selected commodities, the paper stresses that their ...

Environmental, Social and Economic Development Issues in Zambia's Third Republic. Report of Zambia National Workshop.

"The first paper argues that poverty analysis and reduction in Zambia is generally misconceived because of lack of adequate understanding of its real causes and vision.In the second paper on Prediction of Agricultural Production Using Census Data,...

Resource Alienation, Militarisation and Development Case Studies from East African Drylands

"The introductory chapter attempts to contribute to the ongoing effort to obliterate perhaps the two major hurdles in the progress in understanding the dynamics of human adaptation in East African drylands. These are the persistence of ‘crisis sce...

Social Science Research Report Series No 33

"New institutions of governance have emerged in the sector with the hope that they will ensure the equitable and effective management and control of water resources through devolution of management responsibilities from central government to the l...

Cross‐Border Livestock Trade and Food Security in the Southern and Southeastern Ethiopia Borderlands

"The objective of this study is to characterise and analyse the process of cross‐border livestock trade between Ethiopia and Kenya and the southeastern part of the Ethiopia Somalia borderlands. The study looks at the relationship between cross‐bo...

The Impact of Commercial Forest Areas on Nearby Rural Communities in the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe

"This research project helps to clarify and understand the interactions between sawmills/ forest estates and the system of rights (ownership, control and access) over resources, and their impacts on the environment and local community livelihoods....

Willingness-To-Pay for Protecting Endangered Environments The Case of Nechsar National Park

"In this study, it was tried to estimate people’s willingness-to-pay to protect the park and identify its determinants.The study used dichotomous choice contingent valuation method. Using a bivariate probit model, it was found that the local commu...

Indigenous Approaches to the HIV/AIDS Scourge in Uganda

"The management of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses using existing drugs is very costly especially for poor households. This study has focused on the role of traditional herbalists in the management and prevention of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses in Ugand...

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