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Needed: A Legal Framework for Strengthening Oversight Role of the Kenyan Parliament

This policy brief is drawn from a research paper on Horizontal Accountability of the Executive to the Legislature in Africa: A Case of Kenya. Key questions revolved around: the mechanisms used by parliament to get information on the performance of…

Horizontal Accountability of the Executive to the Legislature in Africa: A Case Study of Kenya

"This paper assesses the legislative, representative, financial control and oversight roles played by parliaments in Africa, with Kenya as the main case study in a context of accountability. The regional focus includes all the countries of East Af…

Rural Water Tenure in Kenya and Tanzania Changing Tenure Patterns, Legal Regimes and Community Responses

"This research report looks at changing patterns in water development and management in Tanzania and Kenya, and examines the responses of government and other stakeholders to these changes. It focuses especially on recent attempts to move towards a…

Cross-Border Trade and Food Security in the Ethiopia-Djibouti and Ethiopia-Somalia Borderlands

"Trade between countries in the Horn of Africa is largely unofficial and unrecorded. The recent recorded data show that Ethiopia's trade with its neighboring countries is very little and is limited to some manufactured imports from Kenya and vegeta…

The New Africa Initiative Working for Synergy

"The New Africa Initiative (NAI) was initiated in July 1996 in Uganda with the support of the Nairobi-based Ford Foundation's Governance and Civil Society Program for Eastern Africa. The idea was to advance mutually beneficial interaction among ke…

Facing the Challenges of Development in a Post Conflict Transition Select Workshop Papers and Reports Rwanda Chapter 2001 - 2005

"Chapter 1 of this book performs two tasks. The first one is to posit the Rwanda Chapter in the context of Rwanda socio-economic development sphere. It is describing the Rwanda economy and how it has shaped the discourses in Rwanda and Chapter memb…

Issues in the Economy and Politics of Swaziland since 1968

The first chapter in this publication covers the social welfare provision in Swaziland. Chapter Two titled Economic and social aspects of Farm Squatters in Swaziland since 1982 examines some broad issues which the Droxford incidence highlighted abou…

Governance, Society and Development in Kenya

"The papers published in this volume were selected from the conference whose theme was "Governance, Society and Development in Kenya" . The papers fall under three broad themes namely: Social Policy Frameworks; Education and Research and Gender and…

Contemporary Developmental Issues in Kenya Volume One

"The conferences which had different themes had one common theme; that is development. The papers presented in this volume fall under three broad themes namely:- Agriculture, Food Security and Health; Culture, Education and Development; Environment,…

Governance and Public Services Delivery in Zambia

"The focus of the book is on issues of governance and provision of public services in Zambia. The significance of this focus is against the backcloth of the high levels of poor delivery of public services in most African countries. The literature a…

Health and Health Care in Malawi: Access and Choices

This book consists of papers presented at a workshop in Malawi. The first paper “Making therapeutic choices in African Societies” explores the different factors that determine therapy choice in African societies. In African societies, a range of the…

The Subsistence Crisis in Africa: The Case of Ethiopia

"We begin in Chapter 1 by a glimpse of the facts and realities of poverty in Ethiopia today in order that the scale and depth of the problem can be better appreciated. This is followed in Chapter 2 by an explanation of the nature of the rural produ…

The Gender Division of Labour in Ethiopian Agriculture: A Study of Time Allocation among People in Private and Co-operative Farms in Two Villages

"In this study, different but complementary approaches were employed to investigate three types of variations (inter-regional, intra-household, and inter-farm organization) in the household time allocation and access to resources with a view to mak…

Improving Institutional Effectiveness to Provide Decent Job Opportunities in Kenya

Since independence, the creation of productive and sustainable employment opportunities has remained a central policy priority of the Kenyan government. Although there has not been a lack of policy initiatives regarding the employment challenge in K…

National and International Actors in the Orchestration of Large-scale Land Deals in Zimbabwe: What's in it for Smallholder Farmers?

"Little research has been done on the possible benefits of large-scale land deals for local communities. This work builds on a recent study that seeks to outline the potential benefits of land deals in terms of infrastructural, human and social dev…

Urban Unemployment in Addis Ababa City and Kerssa and Ego Towns in Munessa, Wereda Arsi Zone of Oromia Region: Determinants, Consequences, and Coping Strategies

Unemployment is one of the serious socio-economic problems across the globe that challenges the efforts being made towards eradicating poverty.Ethiopia has registered real GDP growth of 11.4% between 2004 and 2011(Ministry of Finance and Economic De…

1) Nature and Magnitude of Land Acquisitions in Tanzania: Analyzing Role of Different Actors Key Trends and Drivers in Land Acquisitions and 2) Land Leasing for Large-Scale Agricultural Investment in Tanzania: Processes, Opportunities and Challenges

"In the past decade, Tanzania, in an effort to achieving higher economic growth and poverty reduction, has been leasing large tracts of land to foreign investors for large-scale agricultural investment. The premise behind this trend is that large-sc…

Quest for Sound Funding Policy Reform in Madagascar's Public Higher Education Sector during the Post-Crisis Years

"Five years after the coup which plunged the country into an unprecedented political and economic crisis, Madagascar is at a watershed in its history with the coming into power of a democratically elected president in February 2014. This is also a t…

Implementation of the Cadetship Scheme Policy for Funding Higher Education in Zimbabwe

"In this new millennium, Zimbabwe has come up with a model of funding higher education that is known as the Cadetship Support Scheme (CSS). This policy brief presents the major findings from the study that was conducted by these authors on the sche…

Botswana's Dilemma in Financing Tertiary Education

Botswana like many countries around the world has pinned its hopes on using tertiary education and training as one of the critical vehicles of transforming its economy and society. Accordingly, since independence in 1966, Botswana has invested heav…

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