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Fin de la récréation de Washington face à Pékin: Le retour des Etats-Unis en Afrique / Spelling the end of Washington's leniency with Beijing: The United States' Return to Africa

The African arena is but an episode in the China-USA soap opera. Nevertheless, given the continent's significance in terms of opportunities for major powers, it is also a space where their rivalry comes to the fore. This is the lens through which th…

Abiy Ahmed’s ‘Medemer’ Reforms: Can it Ensure Sustainable Growth for Ethiopia and What are the Challenges Facing the New Government?

Since coming to power on April 2018, Dr. Abiy seems to be unstoppable, making the world headlines on many occasions. He has embarked the country on an ambitious and transformative project; he has freed thousands of prisoners and established a Reconc…

2019 Secretary-General Report on Sahara: What’s New - ‘Neighbouring States as Parties’ in Roundtable

Few weeks ago, I gained the chance of reading the UN Security Council resolution 2468 of 30 April on MINURSO, and was surprised by the frequently repeated expression of “Morocco, the Frente Polisario, Algeria, and Mauritania”, instead of the previou…

Le Japon et le Maghreb / Japan and the Maghreb

Japan's relations with the Maghreb are fuelled by very diversified, uneven, vested interests in countries and societies that are of interest only to Japan, but whose importance is reinforced by their linkages with the African and Middle Eastern netw…

Tribal Dynamics in the Sahel

This paper suggests that tribal dynamics of power structure are key in reestablishing peace and development in the region. The Sahel region’s security challenges are directly influenced by tribalism and ethnic dynamics. In recent decades mistreatmen…

La Russie en Afrique: Renouvellement d’une Ancienne Relation ou Création d’une Nouvelle ? / Russia in Africa: Renewal of an Old Relationship or the Creation of a New

Relations between Russia and Africa headlines in the news for some time. There are two main reasons for this : on the one hand, the African continent is taking more and more the appearance of an arena where the big and those less famous, each wantin…

State Failure and Rebel Governance in Africa

Since 2013, armed conflict has raged in the Central African Republic, between the largely Muslim Seleka rebels and the predominantly Christian militias (known as the anti-Balaka). Rebel groups are controlling broad swathes of the country, exploiting…

Separatism in Africa - A Fundamental Problem -

It is reported in 2017 that the world’s most active armed conflict zones involved disputes related to selfdetermination, with an estimated civilian death-toll of over 20 million, and there were over 60 ongoing selfdetermination conflicts in the worl…

Atlantic Currents: An Annual Report on Wider Atlantic Perspectives and Patterns: The South in the Time of Turmoil

Len Ishmael initiated the analysis in this edition by examining the consequences of the United States’ increasingly unilateral foreign policy, explaining the reconfiguration of the global power balance into a bipolar system, and revisiting the emerg…

Morocco’s Sovereignty over Natural Resources in Saharan Provinces - Taking Cherry Blossom Case as an Example -

The challenges against Morocco’s sovereignty over natural resources in Saharan districts will be thoroughly examined and criticized. First, the inaccurate interpretation by the EU court of the phrase “a status separate and distinct from an administe…

Geo-Politics in the Horn of Africa

“The Great Game”, as it has been called, has been playing out in the region, layering new rivalries and ideological quarrels, onto preexisting post-colonial conflicts that have yet to be resolved. Berbera is again a point of interest. In 2018, the U…

Iran/Etats-Unis L’assassinat de Soulaimani, pas de quoi générer une guerre / Iran/United States: The Assassination of Sulaimani, not enough to Start a War

In view of the current state of relations between the United States and Iran and the current situation in the region and the world today, this paper attempts to explore the ways in which the tension could evolve. Are we heading for war? Who will be …

Morocco/Mauritania: Common Strategic Interests

Morocco and Mauritania enjoy geographical proximity conducive to trade and cooperation. Moreover, the high stakes currently at play in the Sahel-Saharan strip and the role played by Morocco and Mauritania in Africa at both the political and economic…

The Strategic Extension of the United Arab Emirates: Determinants, Objectives and some Implications for the Horn of Africa

Increasingly, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) strengthens its position within the Arab region that is of strong geopolitical attributes. There has never been as much diplomatic and military activism in the UAE’s history as in the last decade. Such a …

Stakes and Symbolism of the "Round Table" in the Settlement of International Conflicts: The Cases of Vietnam and the Sahara

The initiation and conduct of any negotiation are not solely dependent on the positions of parties, their willingness to make concessions and, possibly, the mediator's talent. Similarly, they do not merely hinge on the settlement of procedural issue…

Les Enjeux et la Symbolique de la “Table Ronde” Dans le Réglement des Conflits Internationaux: Les Cas du Vietnam et du Sahara /Stakes and Symbolism of the "Round Table" in the Settlement of International Conflicts: The Cases of Vietnam and the Sahara

The initiation and conduct of any negotiation are not solely dependent on the positions of parties, their willingness to make concessions and, possibly, the mediator's talent. Similarly, they do not merely hinge on the settlement of procedural issue…

La Turquie en Afrique: une Stratégie d’Affirmation / Turkey in Africa: An Affirmation Strategy

Rivalries between the powers seem to be gaining unprecedented scale in these times of crisis, declining, more than ever, in the field of influence. Like many states, Turkey has also seized on the COVID-19 crisis to distill its soft power and demonst…

Defining the Nation: Protest and National Identity in North Africa

This paper takes a comparative look at Sudan, Morocco, and Algeria, at the rise of Nubian and Amazigh rights groups, and their attempts to redefine national identity. We examine: how Nubian rights groups have sparked what is being called a Kushite r…

La CEDEAO Gagnerait-elle à être Transformée en "Confédération d’États" ? / Will ECOWAS Benefit from Being Transformed into a "Confederation of States"?

The transformation of the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS) into a « Confederation of States » is sometimes considered, including by the Heads of State of the Community, as a natural next step in the process of deeper integration…

Will ECOWAS Benefit from Being Transformed into a "Confederation of States"?

The transformation of the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS) into a "Confederation of States" is sometimes considered, including by the Heads of State of the Community, as a natural next step in the process of deeper integration i…

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