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Coups d’état in Africa – A Thing of the Past?

Coups d’état occurred in many parts of Africa, in the immediate post colonial period in Africa, from the East to the North, from the West to the South. There were also many more failed coup attempts, announced and unannounced. In the post-independe…

Private Military and Security Companies : Security Actors without Accountability

In this paper, the relationship between the use of private military and security services will be examined, as well as the effectiveness of government as a prerequisite for a functioning state. It was argued that a lack of accountability for privat…

Policy Brief : The Challenges of Restoring Stability to Fragile States in West Africa

"The West African sub-region has since the early 1990s, been devastated by armed conflicts that have led to large-scale atrocities, mass displacement of populations and a general sense of insecurity. In what has been subtly referred to in most secur…

Transition with Minimal Assistance: Lessons from Guinea-Bissau?

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief chronological account of the ensuing crisis and the regional and international response – starting with the civil war and the peacemaking process that led to the signing of a peace accord in Abuja in Nove…

The Challenge of the Côte d’Ivoire Crisis for West Africa: Exploring Options for a Negotiated Settlement

"This paper discusses the political deadlock in La Côte d’Ivoire, cautions against the use of force, and calls on the international community to explore options for negotiated settlement. It argues that the use of force in the Ivorian situation will…

Understanding The Casamance Conflict: A Background

"The objective of this paper, therefore, is to discuss the Casamance conflict in order to provide some knowledge and a better understanding of the conflict which has been going on for 28 years. Section one provides a background of conflict and give…

Love in a Time of Crisis? Terrorism, ‘Brides’ and the Implementation of UNSCR 2242

United Nations Security Council Resolution 2242 promotes further integration of the women, peace and security, counter-terrorism, and countering violent extremism agendas, among other things. Thus, this policy brief analyses the stories of brides of…

Enhancing Accountability and Transparency in Ghana’s Defence Sector

Defence and security sectors of both old and new democracies tend to have high risk of corruption due to excessive secrecy associated with their mode of operations. These challenges have wider implications and weakens the institutional capacity of t…

Human Transformation of the Armed Forces for Democratic Stability in Cote d’Ivoire

Historical factors including ethnic and political manipulation of the military by successive political leadership, civil war and post-election crisis have bequeathed Cote d’Ivoire with a factionalized armed forces. There have been efforts by UNOCI a…

Managing National Commissions for Small Arms and Light Weapons Control in West Africa

The proliferation and the abuse of small arms and light weapons (SALW) contributes to the deterioration of physical security, degrades access to and availability of social services and eventually undermines development. In West Africa, although the…

Understanding the Geo Politics of the War in Southern Lebanon

The Lebanon–Israeli border is the only Arab-Israeli front that has witnessed continuous violence since the late 1960s. The past four decades have seen proliferation of small disputes over territory along the demarcation line between the two countrie…

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