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Towards Lasting Peace in Mali: Reflections on Post-Election Challenges

After the Tuareg-led rebellion in 2011 and the subsequent occupation of the country’s northern territories by extremist groups, Mali was plunged into a state of insecurity and chaos. The post-election challenges are immense and multifaceted, alt...

Rethinking Border Management Strategies in West Africa : Experience from the Sahel

"This Policy Brief discusses border management challenges in light of the Mali and Sahel crises.It argues for documentation of existing national strategies on border management and their alignment into an ECOWAS strategy. These strategies, when en...

Lowering the Anchor on Maritime Insecurity along the Gulf of Guinea : Lessons from Operation Prosperity

"In November 2011, at the request of the African Union (AU) President, Boni Yayi of Benin, the United Nations Secretary-General sent a delegation to the Gulf of Guinea. The team was to assess the Gulf’s piracy situation and make appropriate recomm...

Do Institutions Matter? Managing Institutional Diversity and Change in Ghana's Fourth Republic

"After several years of political instability and socio-economic decline partly caused by endemic militarization of politics and society, and since the inauguration of the Fourth Republic in 1992, Ghana has become a relatively stable democracy. Th...

The Human Being as a Commodity: Responding to the Trafficking and Trading of Persons in West Africa

"This Policy Brief examines the trafficking and commoditization of humans in West Africa, focusing on its nature, risk and fueling factors. It further highlights various responses of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and its M...

1325 and Policing in West Africa: Interrogating the Sierra Leonean Case

Apparently the UNSCR 1325 presents the only framework that emphasizes the progressive role that policewomen can play in the peacebuilding and post-conflict reconstruction process. Despite limitations identified in this Policy Brief, there has bee...

Providing Peace, Security and Justice in Ghana: The Role of Non-State Actors

Those “non-state” actors that deals with peace, security and justice are local non-statutory forms of security and justice providers that exist in most African communities. With their existence a fundamental element of security and justice for pe...

Taking a Place at the Table : Analysing the Importance of UNSCR 2122 for the Women, Peace and Security Agenda

The UNSC once again demonstrated renewed commitment towards women’s participation in global peace and security on the 18th of October 2013. By adopting Resolution 2122, the UN and the international community, committed to stronger measures to prom...

Coups d’état in Africa – A Thing of the Past?

Coups d’état occurred in many parts of Africa, in the immediate post colonial period in Africa, from the East to the North, from the West to the South. There were also many more failed coup attempts, announced and unannounced. In the post-indepen...

Ebola: Impact and Lessons for West Africa

The Mano river basin has now become the epicentre of West Africa’s Ebola pandemic. Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone are the countries worst hit by the virus that has claimed the lives of more than 5000 people. Other countries with Ebola cases are ...

Silence on the Lambs: The Abducted Chibok Schoolgirls in Nigeria and the Challenge to UNSCR 1325

The abduction of the Chibok schoolgirls in Nigeria by Boko Haram is being analysed in this policy brief. It explores how the kidnapping represents some of the challenges with operationalising United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325...

Piracy in Africa : The Case of the Gulf of Guinea

Piracy in Africa’s Gulf of Guinea has long-range and potential long-term strategic implications for the economic, physical, and energy security concerns of the United States and its global allies. Unlike the situation off the coast of Somalia, pir...

Private Military and Security Companies : Security Actors without Accountability

In this paper, the relationship between the use of private military and security services will be examined, as well as the effectiveness of government as a prerequisite for a functioning state. It was argued that a lack of accountability for priv...

Breaking the Inertia : Women's Role in Mediation and Peace Processes in West Africa

A Brief historical perspective will be presented on women’s involvement in mediation and peace processes. The paper will then focus on women’s roles during the conflict situations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. Women’s involvement, in these two co...

Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa

"The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles and impact of Gender Advisors (GA) and gender mainstreaming strategies in UN Peacekeeping missions, with specific reference to Sierra Leone and Liberia as case studies. These countries and missions a...

Policy Brief : Corruption and State Instability in West Africa

"The policy brief discusses how corruption contributes to political instability in West Africa and calls for the institution of appropriate sub-regional anti-corruption framework to deal with it. It argues that as long as the problem of corruptio...

Public Information as a Mission Critical Component of West African Peace Operations

"The aim of this monograph is to analyse the extent to which PI has become mission critical in West African peace operations. By extrapolating, analyzing and drawing on lessons learned, the aim is to highlight where such a capability can be priori...

Policy Brief : The Challenges of Restoring Stability to Fragile States in West Africa

"The West African sub-region has since the early 1990s, been devastated by armed conflicts that have led to large-scale atrocities, mass displacement of populations and a general sense of insecurity. In what has been subtly referred to in most sec...

Policy Brief : Counter-Terrorism and the National Security of African States: Points of Convergence and Departure

"Africa’s recognition of the threat of terrorism to the continent has culminated in the galvanisation of national, regional and international efforts towards counter-terrorism on the continent. The renewed efforts have culminated in the (1) design...

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebe...

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