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Mainstreaming or Maneuvering? Gender and Peacekeeping in West Africa

"The aim of this study is to evaluate the roles and impact of Gender Advisors (GA) and gender mainstreaming strategies in UN Peacekeeping missions, with specific reference to Sierra Leone and Liberia as case studies. These countries and missions a...

Policy Brief : Corruption and State Instability in West Africa

"The policy brief discusses how corruption contributes to political instability in West Africa and calls for the institution of appropriate sub-regional anti-corruption framework to deal with it. It argues that as long as the problem of corruptio...

Public Information as a Mission Critical Component of West African Peace Operations

"The aim of this monograph is to analyse the extent to which PI has become mission critical in West African peace operations. By extrapolating, analyzing and drawing on lessons learned, the aim is to highlight where such a capability can be priori...

Policy Brief : The Challenges of Restoring Stability to Fragile States in West Africa

"The West African sub-region has since the early 1990s, been devastated by armed conflicts that have led to large-scale atrocities, mass displacement of populations and a general sense of insecurity. In what has been subtly referred to in most sec...

Policy Brief : Counter-Terrorism and the National Security of African States: Points of Convergence and Departure

"Africa’s recognition of the threat of terrorism to the continent has culminated in the galvanisation of national, regional and international efforts towards counter-terrorism on the continent. The renewed efforts have culminated in the (1) design...

The Darfur Crisis : A Test Case for Humanitarian Intervention

"The deadline for Sudanese government compliance with the UN resolution calling on it to disarm the Janjawiid expired at the end of August, with no sign of the violence abating.A more effective approach surely would have been to bring the rebe...

Conflict Prevention in Africa : Theoretical Construct or Plan of Action?

"The aim of this paper is to critically examine the concept of conflict prevention as a viable means for enhancing peace and security in Africa, in order to suggest meaningful points of engagement for concerned donors and partners. It does so agai...

Oil, Corruption and Conflict in West Africa : The Failure of Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility

"This report provides an analysis of the influence of international oil corporations (IOC's) on the economic, political and social framework of oil dependent countries. This issue is particularly topical because of recent off shore oil discoveries...

Cultural Diversity in Peace Operations: Training Challenges

"The aim of this paper is to analyse what kind of mindset, skills and knowledge peacekeepers have to obtain, to become competent in unfamiliar multicultural contexts, and to explore how this competence might possibly be acquired through training. ...

Transition with Minimal Assistance: Lessons from Guinea-Bissau?

"The aim of this paper is to provide a brief chronological account of the ensuing crisis and the regional and international response – starting with the civil war and the peacemaking process that led to the signing of a peace accord in Abuja in No...

The Responsibility to Protect: The Time to Act is Now

"This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden‐sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief...

Towards the Operationalisation of the Civilian Component of the ECOWAS Standby Force

"This policy paper takes a look at the progress made by ECOWAS in developing the civilian component of its future stand‐by force. It also makes policy recommendations on the kind of civilian expertise that is likely to be required and what the imp...

The Challenge of the Côte d’Ivoire Crisis for West Africa: Exploring Options for a Negotiated Settlement

"This paper discusses the political deadlock in La Côte d’Ivoire, cautions against the use of force, and calls on the international community to explore options for negotiated settlement. It argues that the use of force in the Ivorian situation wi...

Promoting Peace and Stability in La Côte d’Ivoire: Negotiating the Cost of International Inaction and the Need for Decisive Action

"In this second policy brief on the situation in La Côte d’Ivoire a calling for enforcement action led by the United Nations Operations in La Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) to stop the fighting, protect civilians and restore stability to the troubled count...

Implementing the ECOWAS Conflict Prevention Framework: Prospects and Challenges

"Several initiatives have been undertaken by ECOWAS to promote conflict prevention since it was founded in 1975, it is important to raise a number of questions with regard to the ECPF. First, how relevant is the ECPF in respect of conflict prevent...

Protecting Civilians in La Cote d’Ivoire: Addressing Unanswered Questions

"This policy brief explores the concept of civilian protection and how it applies to the ongoing Ivorian crisis, and conflict situations broadly. Specifically, it discusses the challenges of promoting civilian protection in La Cote d’Ivoire and s...

Peace-making in West Africa : Progress and Prospects

"The aim of this monograph is to document past ECOWAS experiences and identify lessons learned and best practices in its sub-regional peace-making processes. The focus is on major peace agreements brokered to end the conflicts in Liberia, Sierra L...

Understanding The Casamance Conflict: A Background

"The objective of this paper, therefore, is to discuss the Casamance conflict in order to provide some knowledge and a better understanding of the conflict which has been going on for 28 years. Section one provides a background of conflict and gi...

Policy Brief : Democratic Transition and Electoral Security in Ghana

"In Ghana,the Fourth Republican Constitution of 1992 makes provision for a smooth alternation of political power between political parties through free and fair elections supervised by an independent electoral commission. The Constitution,also, p...

Policy Brief : Insurgent Movements in West Africa: A Need for Preventive Action in Mali, Niger and Senegal

"This brief seeks to achieve two things. Firstly, it argues that greater attention to the insurgencies taking place in Mali, Niger and Casamance is critical to the maintenance of stability, good governance and peace in the West Africa region and t...

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