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Spatial Analysis of Livestock Production Patterns in Ethiopia

"The livestock sector is a large contributor to the Ethiopian economy as well as a mainstay in the livelihoods of many Ethiopians. It comprised 11 percent of national GDP and 24 percent of agricultural GDP between the years of 1995/96 and 2005/06 (N…

Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. Wi…

Improving the Measurement of Food Security

"Although food security measurement has been substantially expanded in recent decades, there persists significant dissatisfaction with existing measurement systems, especially in the wake of the global food and financial crisis. In this paper we fir…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Rwanda

"The Rwandan economy is based on rainfed agriculture, with coffee and tea as major cash crops. The key staple crops are bananas, beans, potatoes, sorghum, and cassava. Between 1991 and 2002, the rate of urbanization grew from 5.5 to 16.7 percent, a …

Assessing the Long-term Impact of Microcredit on Rural Poverty: Does the Timing and Length of Participation Matter?

"In recent years, microfinance institutions are seen as beacons of hope to help eradicate poverty through, among others, providing credit to poor rural households. Availability of small but repeated loans is, in the long-term, expected to impact on …

Food Price Volatility in Africa. Has it Really Increased?

"The food price crisis of 2007–2008 and recent resurgence of food prices have focused increasing attention on the causes and consequences of food price volatility in international food markets and the developing world, particularly in Africa south o…

Agricultural Growth and Poverty in Mozambique: Technical Analysis in Support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)

"Mozambique has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade. National accounts estimates put the GDP growth from 2003–2007 at 8.4 percent per annum, with strong growth across all subsectors in the economy, including agriculture, industry,…

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply simil…

Agriculture and Health Addressing the Vital Links

"Good health and productive agriculture—both essential in the fight against poverty—are interlinked, as good health requires productive agriculture and productive agriculture requires healthy people. Consideration of these linkages throughout the po…

Poverty and Gender Effects of Smallholder Organic Contract Farming in Uganda

"The objectives of this study were, first, to examine the impacts of certified organic contract farming on the food security of the smallholder farm households participating in such arrangements, and second, to assess the role of gender relations in…

Urban Wage Behavior and Food Price Inflation: The Case of Ethiopia

"On the back of both a global food crisis and various domestic factors, Ethiopia has experienced one of the world’s fastest rates of food inflation in recent years. Yet the lack of high frequency survey data means that very little is known about the…

Lessons on Scaling Up: Opportunities and Challenges for the Future

"Agriculture and rural development are essential components of economic growth and the battle against poverty, hunger, and malnutrition worldwide. In the developing world, investment in agriculture was much neglected in recent decades by governments…

SUN: A Global Movement to Accelerate Progress in Reducing Maternal and Child Undernutrition

"As the 2015 deadline for meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)approaches, the poor countries of the world have already made considerable progress toward reducing maternal and child undernutrition. From 1990 to 2008, the prevalence of stu…

Investing in Agriculture to Reduce Poverty and Hunger

"There is clear evidence that where agriculture contributes a significant portion of gross domestic product, rapid agricultural growth is an effective tool for generating overall economic growth and reducing poverty. There is also good evidence abou…

Nutrition Mapping in Tanzania

"For effective decisionmaking, policymakers and program managers often need detailed information about the welfare of the population, including knowledge about which specific areas are most affected by poverty and undernutrition. Household sample …

The Role of Cocoa in Ghana's Future Development

"The recent surge in world commodity prices might alter the role of traditional export crops in African economies. While export crops have traditionally been important sources of foreign exchange earnings and government revenues, Ghana is an exce…

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth path…

Measuring and Accounting for Community Capabilities in Kordofan, Sudan

"Parallel to the growing attention being devoted to the relationship between empowerment and development, an increasing number of tools are being developed to measure empowerment and determine the link between these two phenomena. This paper details…

Regional Disparities in Ghana: Policy Options and Public Investment Implications

"The development pattern in Ghana is characterised by a north-south divide in which the north lags far behind the south. Ghana has achieved sustained growth and poverty reduction during the 1990s, but such growth did not benefit the three poor nort…

Agriculture for Development in Ghana

"This paper has been prepared in support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) roundtable in Ghana. The study also takes a fresh perspective on the role of agriculture for development in light of the global food crisis…

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