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Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara

"This book is an attempt to move the discussion away from polarized positions. It aims to contribute to a rational debate on the actual benefits, costs, and risks of existing and future GE crops and technologies for Africa. To accomplish this goal, …

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this …

Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in East Africa (LANEA) Country Report - Uganda

"Uganda, a member of the SUN movement since 2011, is currently putting a strong emphasis on poverty reduction and economic development, and the agriculture sector is a major contributor to the country’s growth. Malnutrition rates - especially stunti…

Ghana's Macroeconomic Crisis Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

"Ghana is in the midst of a severe but not unprecedented macroeconomic crisis. This paper helps to evaluate the government’s policy options by explaining the crisis’ causes, and comparing it to previous macroeconomic crises and the policies that cor…

Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6.1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has grown…

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of experie…

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productivit…

Improved Performance of Agriculture in Africa South of the Sahara: Taking off or Bouncing Back

"The improved performance of the agricultural sector in Africa south of the Sahara during the most recent decade (2000–2010) has raised questions about the drivers behind the growth. Skeptics argue that rising commodity prices, as world markets expe…

Agricultural Growth and Poverty in Mozambique: Technical Analysis in Support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)

"Mozambique has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade. National accounts estimates put the GDP growth from 2003–2007 at 8.4 percent per annum, with strong growth across all subsectors in the economy, including agriculture, industry,…

Exploring Growth Linkages and Market Opportunities for Agriculture in Southern Africa

"Considering the heterogeneity of the countries of southern Africa and the presence of South Africa and other middle-income countries in the region, southern Africa has a unique opportunity to exploit agricultural potential and regional trade opp…

Development Domains for Ethiopia: Capturing the Geographical Context of Smallholder Development Options

"The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government o…

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of droughts…

Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivity…

Asian-driven Resource Booms in Africa: Rethinking the Impacts on Development

"Today’s resource boom in Africa, driven by Asian economic growth, offers new opportunities for resource-rich African countries. Contrary to the experience of previous booms, however, most mining profits now accrue to foreign companies, leaving lit…

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth path…

Measuring and Accounting for Community Capabilities in Kordofan, Sudan

"Parallel to the growing attention being devoted to the relationship between empowerment and development, an increasing number of tools are being developed to measure empowerment and determine the link between these two phenomena. This paper details…

Regional Disparities in Ghana: Policy Options and Public Investment Implications

"The development pattern in Ghana is characterised by a north-south divide in which the north lags far behind the south. Ghana has achieved sustained growth and poverty reduction during the 1990s, but such growth did not benefit the three poor nort…

Agriculture for Development in Ghana

"This paper has been prepared in support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP) roundtable in Ghana. The study also takes a fresh perspective on the role of agriculture for development in light of the global food crisis…

Reaching Middle-Income Status in Ghana By 2015

"Using district-level data on public expenditures from 2000 to 2006, and household-level production data from the 2005/06 Ghana Living Standards Survey, this paper estimates the returns to different types of public investments across four agro-ecolo…

Economic Partnership Agreements between the European Union and African, Caribbean, and Pacific Countries: What is at Stake for Senegal?

"In recent years the European Union has sought to transform its trading regime with the ACP countries by advocating reciprocal free trade agreements with them through Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs). As a result, the EPA talks were launched i…

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