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Rural Youth and Employment in Ethiopia

"This paper examines labor diversification in Ethiopia, focusing on youth, and explores current conditions that youth face in both the agricultural and non-farm labor markets. Using data from the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) and the National…

Changing Structure of Africa's Economies

"In recent years, some counties in Africa south of the Sahara (SSA) have experienced growth in their economies and improvements in living standards. Although there is some debate, it is clear that the share of the population living below the povert…

Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in East Africa (LANEA) Country Report - Uganda

"Uganda, a member of the SUN movement since 2011, is currently putting a strong emphasis on poverty reduction and economic development, and the agriculture sector is a major contributor to the country’s growth. Malnutrition rates - especially stunti…

Ghana's Macroeconomic Crisis Causes, Consequences, and Policy Responses

"Ghana is in the midst of a severe but not unprecedented macroeconomic crisis. This paper helps to evaluate the government’s policy options by explaining the crisis’ causes, and comparing it to previous macroeconomic crises and the policies that cor…

Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. Wi…

Improved Performance of Agriculture in Africa South of the Sahara: Taking off or Bouncing Back

"The improved performance of the agricultural sector in Africa south of the Sahara during the most recent decade (2000–2010) has raised questions about the drivers behind the growth. Skeptics argue that rising commodity prices, as world markets expe…

Agricultural Growth and Poverty in Mozambique: Technical Analysis in Support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)

"Mozambique has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade. National accounts estimates put the GDP growth from 2003–2007 at 8.4 percent per annum, with strong growth across all subsectors in the economy, including agriculture, industry,…

Options for Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria

"Since 2003, economic growth in Nigeria has been strong. Annual GDP grew by 9.1 percent per annum between 2003 and 2005 and by 6.1 percent per annum between 2006 and 2008. Much of this growth can be attributed to the non-oil economy which has grown…

Agriculture and the Economic Transformation of Ethiopia

"This paper examines the implications of this commitment to both growth and reduction in poverty, analyzes the progress underway, and diagnoses the critical elements of change in policy required to reach the objectives. Combining a review of experie…

Constraints to Increasing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria: A Review

"This paper reviews the constraints hindering growth of agricultural productivity in Nigeria by - providing an overview of the policy environment that affects agricultural productivity, - establishing how the policy environment affects productivit…

Knowledge Review on Poverty and Rural Development in Nigeria

"The Nigerian situation presents a paradox because the country is rich but the people are poor, with the poverty experienced by Nigerians being pervasive, multifaceted and chronic, affecting the lives of a large proportion of the populace. On the …

Has Trade Liberalization in South Africa Affected Men and Women Differently?

"Trade liberalization is a central part of South Africa’s post-Apartheid development strategy. However, despite considerable reforms, the country has failed to generate pro-poor growth, with both unemployment and inequality worsening over the last …

Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara

"This book is an attempt to move the discussion away from polarized positions. It aims to contribute to a rational debate on the actual benefits, costs, and risks of existing and future GE crops and technologies for Africa. To accomplish this goal, …

Towards Understanding Economic Growth in Africa: A Reinterpretation of the Lewis Model

"Africa’s recent economic growth is at a historical high, the patterns associated with this growth appear to be quite different from the Asian experiences where rapid growth was fueled by labor intensive, export-oriented manufacturing. Because this …

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth g…

Onset Risk and Draft Animal Investment in Nigeria

"Onset risk, the uncertainty in the onset of rainy season, is an important element of weather risk for African farmers with little access to formal insurance who engage in traditional rainfed farming. Farm productivity in Africa still depends on sub…

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply simil…

Targeted Subsidies and Private Market Participation An Assessment of Fertilizer Demand in Nigeria

"Though input vouchers are being publicized as a mechanism to simultaneously target subsidies and develop demand in private markets, limited empirical evidence of their effect on private input demand exists. Few empirical studies, if any, exist on t…

Agricultural R & D : Investing in Africa's Future Analyzing Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities

"After three decades of low investment in agricultural research in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), African governments now have a range of new opportunities for such investment. The structural adjustment and market liberalization of the 1990s have gen…

Irrigation pumps and milling machines as insurance against rainfall and price risks in Nigeria

"This research examines whether the effect of financial assistance was greater in regions with higher rainfall and market price risks. We characterize rainfall and price risks by computing the coefficient of variations of annual rainfall and gari pr…

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