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Nonlinear Dynamics of Livestock Assets: Evidence from Ethiopia

"Recent research on the intertemporal dynamics of poverty using microeconomic data often hints at the existence of poverty traps, where some find themselves trapped at a low-level stable equilibrium while others enjoy a higher stable equilibrium. Wi…

Improved Performance of Agriculture in Africa South of the Sahara: Taking off or Bouncing Back

"The improved performance of the agricultural sector in Africa south of the Sahara during the most recent decade (2000–2010) has raised questions about the drivers behind the growth. Skeptics argue that rising commodity prices, as world markets expe…

Agricultural Growth and Poverty in Mozambique: Technical Analysis in Support of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (CAADP)

"Mozambique has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade. National accounts estimates put the GDP growth from 2003–2007 at 8.4 percent per annum, with strong growth across all subsectors in the economy, including agriculture, industry,…

Rural-Urban Transformation in Uganda

"Uganda over the last twenty years has maintained high economic growth rates, increasing urbanization and shifting patterns in sectoral contribution to overall development. This transformation is dominated by an increasing proportion of the wealth g…

Onset Risk and Draft Animal Investment in Nigeria

"Onset risk, the uncertainty in the onset of rainy season, is an important element of weather risk for African farmers with little access to formal insurance who engage in traditional rainfed farming. Farm productivity in Africa still depends on sub…

Strategies and Priorities for African Agriculture Economywide Perspectives from Country Studies

"This book examines the potential of agriculture to contribute to national growth and poverty reduction. It also evaluates the financial costs of accelerating agricultural growth. The analysis is based on ten country case studies that apply simil…

Targeted Subsidies and Private Market Participation An Assessment of Fertilizer Demand in Nigeria

"Though input vouchers are being publicized as a mechanism to simultaneously target subsidies and develop demand in private markets, limited empirical evidence of their effect on private input demand exists. Few empirical studies, if any, exist on t…

Agricultural R & D : Investing in Africa's Future Analyzing Trends, Challenges, and Opportunities

"After three decades of low investment in agricultural research in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), African governments now have a range of new opportunities for such investment. The structural adjustment and market liberalization of the 1990s have gen…

Irrigation pumps and milling machines as insurance against rainfall and price risks in Nigeria

"This research examines whether the effect of financial assistance was greater in regions with higher rainfall and market price risks. We characterize rainfall and price risks by computing the coefficient of variations of annual rainfall and gari pr…

The Growing Opportunities for African Agricultural Development

"This paper examines how Africa can harness the enormous potential of its “Sleeping Agricultural Giant,” and how possible adverse social and environmental impacts and obstacles can be mitigated. An approach built on smallholder agriculture, with str…

Moving Local- and Community-Driven Development from Boutique to Large Scale

"The LCDD approach can be utilized in almost any country, but the design and management of programs will differ according to the country and locality. During the diagnostic phase, stakeholders discern the best strategic fit among the country and co…

Lessons on Scaling Up: Opportunities and Challenges for the Future

"Agriculture and rural development are essential components of economic growth and the battle against poverty, hunger, and malnutrition worldwide. In the developing world, investment in agriculture was much neglected in recent decades by governments…

Learning from the Experience of Vertical Funds

"Vertical funds are multistakeholder global programs that provide earmarked funding for specified purposes. This brief presents a series of lessons learned from vertical fund experiences that are applicable to scaling up in agriculture and rural de…

IFAD: Adopting a New Systematic Approach to Scaling Up in Agricultural and Rural Development

"Concerns about insufficient progress toward the Millennium Development Goals have prompted a renewed interest in agriculture as a source of growth and as an effective tool for poverty reduction and environmental stewardship. With a target of taking…

Exploring Growth Linkages and Market Opportunities for Agriculture in Southern Africa

"Considering the heterogeneity of the countries of southern Africa and the presence of South Africa and other middle-income countries in the region, southern Africa has a unique opportunity to exploit agricultural potential and regional trade opp…

Development Domains for Ethiopia: Capturing the Geographical Context of Smallholder Development Options

"The choices that smallholder farmers are able to make are strongly conditioned by the geographic conditions in which they live. The importance of this fact for rural development strategy is not lost on policy makers. For example, the government o…

Shocks, Livestock Asset Dymanics and Social Capital in Ethiopia

"This paper uses household survey panel data of 416 rural households to study livestock asset dynamics in the north-east of Ethiopia. The period under examination (1996-2003) was marked by severe environmental shocks, including a series of droughts…

Defining Smallholders Agriculture in Ghana: Who are smallholders, what do they do and how are they linked with markets?

"Smallholders in Ghana, as elsewhere, are widely considered to be the largest as well as the most vulnerable component of the rural sector. Ghana professes national development objectives of reducing rural poverty through the increased productivity…

Asian-driven Resource Booms in Africa: Rethinking the Impacts on Development

"Today’s resource boom in Africa, driven by Asian economic growth, offers new opportunities for resource-rich African countries. Contrary to the experience of previous booms, however, most mining profits now accrue to foreign companies, leaving lit…

Rural Investments to Accelerate Growth and Poverty Reduction in Kenya

"Kenya’s economy is relatively diverse, with both agricultural and industrial potential. However, the economy has performed poorly over the last decade, and poverty and inequality have risen. This paper examines the impact of alternative growth path…

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