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Labor Adaptation to Climate Variability in Eastern Africa

"As countries design climate change adaptation policies, it is important to understand how workers alter behavior in response to changes in temperature. Nonetheless, the impact of temperature on labor markets is poorly documented, especially in Afr…

West African Agriculture for Jobs, Nutrition, Growth and Climate Resilience

West Africa as a region is projected to continue robust economic growth in the decades ahead, according to scenarios developed by the global modeling community in the context of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment repor…

The Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture and Food Security in Africa

Climate change will play an increasingly important role in Africa, as elsewhere, during the course of the 21st century. Rising temperatures and increased frequency of extremely dry and wet years are expected to slow progress toward increased product…

Gender-Sensitive, Climate-Smart Agriculture for Improved Nutrition in Africa South of the Sahara

The effects of climate change are already being felt across the globe, particularly among smallholder producers in developing countries, whose livelihoods are strongly affected by climate conditions. Climate change will continue to threaten food pr…

Climate Change, Agriculture, and Foodcrop Production in Ghana

"Despite the recent transition to an industry and service sectors-led economy, agriculture still plays a fundamental role in Ghana. The sector comprises approximately 30 percent of the country’s GDP to date and employs approximately 50 percent of th…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Côte D'Ivoire

"Côte d'Ivoire enjoys a humid climate, with at least seven rainy months and 1,000 mm in annual rainfall. Most of the interior receives 1,000–1,500 mm annually. Moving inland toward the east, a short dry season falls in the middle of the wet season, …

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Botswana

"Botswana has a semi-arid climate, characterized by warm winters, hot summers, low rainfall, and high evapotranspiration. The country is prone to frequent droughts, lately occurring every two years rather than once every four years, as in the previo…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Burkina Faso

"Agriculture is mainly rainfed in Burkina Faso and dominated by small-scale farmers. The rainy season is May–October, but its duration decreases progressively from the southwest, resulting in only three months of rainfall in the north. Agriculture a…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Burundi

"Burundi is a small, landlocked country of which only 36 percent is arable. The country has two rainy seasons, which run from February to May and from September to November, as well as a short rain period for two weeks in January. The malnutrition r…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Democratic Republic of the Congo

"The Democratic Republic of the Congo, located in the south central part of Africa, is the continent’s second-largest country. Forests blanket its northern region, while savannah covers the south. The main staple crops are cassava, maize, groundnuts…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Eritrea

"Located in the Horn of Africa, Eritrea has a long coastline on the Red Sea. The country has varied topography, rainfall, and climate, with altitude ranging from 60 to more than 3,000 meters above sea level. Agriculture is still an important sector …

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Ethiopia

"The main crops in Ethiopia are teff, maize, and wheat. The combined effect of declining child mortality and increasing life expectancy has produced an overall population increase, putting additional pressure on the land to meet food requirements. M…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Ghana

"The agricultural sector in Ghana is mostly rainfed and includes crops, livestock, and fisheries. More than half the country’s workers are employed in agriculture. Cocoa remains the single most important cash crop in Ghana, while the two most import…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Guinea

"Guinea has a tropical climate with two alternating seasons, a November–March dry season and an April–October rainy season. In general, rainfall increases from north to south. Average annual rainfall is 1,988 mm. Rice is the staple crop, and other i…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Kenya

"Kenya is an ecologically diverse nation located on the Indian Ocean in eastern Africa. Most of the land is classified as arid or semi-arid, yet at higher elevations lush montane forests are found. Kenya is home to the second-highest peak in Africa,…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Lesotho

"Lesotho lies on the plateau of the southern African subcontinent. Variations in topography and micro-climate shape the country’s ecological zones—the lowlands, the foothills, the highlands, and the Senqu River Valley. Annual precipitation is highly…

West African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive analysis - Liberia

"Agricultural production in Liberia is based primarily on rainfed farming, with an April–November rainy season. Rice and cassava are the first and second staple food crops, while rubber is the major cash crop. Life expectancy increased slightly betw…

East African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Madagascar

"Madagascar is an island in the southwestern Indian Ocean off the coast of Mozambique. The topography of the country is varied and uneven, with some regions dominated by plains and plateaus extending into vast delta areas. Only about 5 percent of th…

Southern African Agriculture and Climate Change: A Comprehensive Analysis - Malawi

"Malawi’s tropical continental climate is moderated by the effects of Lake Malawi and by the country’s high altitudes and proximity to the influence of westerly frontal systems that move eastward around the South African coast. The mean annual rainf…

Malaria and Agriculture: A Global Review of the literature with a Focus on the Application of Integrated Pest and Vector Management in East Africa and Uganda

"Malaria is one of the top five causes of death worldwide, and roughly half the world’s population lives at risk of the disease. This health problem disproportionately affects the poor, particularly those in Africa south of the Sahara, where the dis…

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